Tense and its clasification

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Tense and its clasification

  1. 1. WELCOME TO PRESENTATION PRESENTATION ON TENSE AND ITS CLASIFICATION
  2. 2. TOPIC : TENSE AND ITS CLASSIFICATION Presented By ID  Khadiza Begum M1415025  Tamal Kanta Paul Bappi M1415010  Aalok Saha M1415043  Kudrat-E-Khoda M1415019  Md. Abdur Razzak M1415048 Submitted to Md. Fazlur Rahman Professor Institute of Education and Research Department University of Dhaka
  3. 3. AGENDA INTRODUCTION DEFINATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF TENSE CONCLUTION
  4. 4. DEFINITION OF TENSE  The word „tense comes from the Latin word “tempus” which means time. So tense denotes the time of action of verb.
  5. 5. TYPES OF TENSE • Present Simple Tense • Present Continuous Tense • Present Perfect Tense • Present Perfect Continuous Tense Present Tense • Past Simple Tense • Past Continuous Tense • Past Perfect Tense • Past Perfect Continuous Tense Past Tense • Future Simple Tense • Future Continuous Tense • Future Perfect Tense • Future Perfect Continuous Tense Future Tense
  6. 6. PRESENT TENSE CLASSIFICATION  Simple Present Tense When a sentence is used to describe an action that's happening at present and does not indicate when the action is expected to end.  Structure: "Subject + Verb (Base Form) + Object“  Some Examples:  I write a letter.  The sun sets in the west.  They do not read lessons.  Does water maintain its surface level?
  7. 7. PRESENT TENSE CLASSIFICATION (CONT...)  Present Continuous Present continuous usually defines an act that is going on at the time of speaking.  Structure: "Subject + be (is, am, are) + Verb+ -ing + Object“  Some Examples:  Mom, I am playing football.  Are they still living here?  Please wait for a moment, Shyam is talking to Mary.  We are late; he will be waiting for us at the restaurant now.
  8. 8. PRESENT TENSE CLASSIFICATION (CONT...)  Present Perfect Tense The Present Perfect Tense explains the incident that has happened in the past and that continues until the present time.  Structure: "Subject + be (have, has) + Verb (past participle) + Object Examples:  She has learnt a lesson  It has not rained.  Has it rained?
  9. 9. PRESENT TENSE CLASSIFICATION (CONT...)  Present Perfect Continuous Tense Usually, Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used for a situation that has occurred in the past and which continues until that moment.  Structure: "Subject + have been / has been + Verb+ -ing + Object“  „Since‟— if the point of time is mentioned.  „For‟ — if the duration of time is specified. Examples:  It has been raining for three days.  He has not been playing cricket for two hours.  Have they been watching television since 6 O‟clock?
  10. 10. PAST TENSE CLASSIFICATION  Simple Past Tense Simple past tense is used to narrate an action of the past. In a sentence “yesterday, ago, last, since etc is used.  Structure: Subject + verb(Past form) + Object Examples:  He gave me a gift.  She did not write a letter to him.  Did you answer correctly?
  11. 11. PAST TENSE CLASSIFICATION (CONT...)  Past Continuous Tense This from of tense indicates activities that have already happened in the past and have been completed before the time of mention.  Structure Subject + was/were + Verb in its -ing form + Object Examples:  He was taking exam last month.  You were not waiting for him yesterday.  Was it raining yesterday?
  12. 12. PAST TENSE CLASSIFICATION (CONT...)  Past Perfect Tense It is used to express an action which has occurred in past (usually, a long time ago) and action which has occurred in past before another action in past.  Structure: Subject + had + 3rd form of verb or past participle + object.  Example:  They had visited a doctor.  I had not finished my work last year.  Had it rained heavily last month?
  13. 13. PAST TENSE CLASSIFICATION (CONT...)  Past Perfect Continuous Tense A continuous action that was completed sometime in the past falls under Past Perfect Continuous tense  Structure: Subject + had + been + Verb (ing) + object Example:  I had been waiting for him for one hour.  They had not been watching television since 6 O‟clock.  Had she been working in this office since 2007?
  14. 14. FUTURE TENSE CLASSIFICATION  Simple Future Tense This tense is used for those sentences which refer to the actions which will occur later, in future.  Structure: Subject + Shall/Will + Verb (Present form) + object  Examples:  He will start a business.  The pattern of exam will not change next year.  Will they buy a new car?
  15. 15. FUTURE TENSE CLASSIFICATION(CONT...)  Future Continuous Tense This tense defines those acts which will be continued at a future point of time  Structure: Subject + „Shall/will' + 'be' + present participle of the verb (ing) + object  Examples:  I will not be waiting for you.  You will be feeling well tomorrow.  I shall be watching the new movie next week.
  16. 16. FUTURE TENSE CLASSIFICATION(CONT...)  Future Perfect Tense This tense is used to express an act that is predicted to be finished within a certain span of time in the future.  Structure: Subject +„shall/will' + 'have' + 'past participle of the verb+ object'. Examples:  He will have finished his work.  You will have left for London by the time this bridge gets renewed.  Calvin will have gone by the time you reach there by bus.
  17. 17. FUTURE TENSE CLASSIFICATION(CONT...)  Future Perfect Continuous Tense This tense form indicates an action that is continuous and, at some point in the future, it will be completed.  Structure: Subject + 'will/shall' + 'have' + 'been' + 'the past participle of the verb (-ing)„+obj. Examples:  We shall have been waiting for him until he comes back.  They will not have shifted to a new home.  Will I have bought a computer?
  18. 18. TENSE AT A GLANCE

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