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12 tenses of english grammer



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12 tenses of english grammer

  1. 1. 12 Tenses of English grammar Presented By: Abdi fatah hassan nour {taaxo} I wish All the best
  2. 2. Present continues tense Present continues tense used for an action which is Happening at the time of Speaking. Form: subject + is am are+ verb + Ing. EX: David is working ministry of youth and sport EX: he is helping needy persons NOTE: some verbs are not usually found in present continuous tense these Perception and they are: love, believe, forget, break, understand, prefer, Hate, like, see, and etc. Ex: we understand our lessons {not, we are understanding} Ex: he hates you {not, he is hating you}
  3. 3. Simple present tense Simple present tense used For an action which happens Every year, every month, every week, every day, every time and etc. Ex: I make revision every Friday Ex: they pass me here every Friday Ex: we like English examination Ex: she makes me happy Ex: she comes from America Interrogative from Ex: Do I make revision every Friday Negative from Ex: I don’t make revision every Friday
  4. 4. Simple future tense Simple future tense used to express an action which will take place at some time in the Future or what will expect to Happen future time.. Note: first personal pronouns I and we are used shall but in Modern system they are used When they are only interrogative form. Ex: I will come home sonly. Ex: Shall I come home sonly? Ex: I will not come home sonly Ex: I shall visit you next Friday also we can say I will visit you next Friday Ex: we shall listen amusing discussion Ex: they will get new letter from London Ex: the media will interview the president as well as his adviser Ex: the government will deport all militant groups Ex: you will confuse the final exam
  5. 5. Simple past tense Simple past tense used to denote an action which happened at some time in the Past or for state of being past. form: subject + verbpast + object Ex: She graduated comb ridge university last year Ex: he invited me twice last week Ex: He is the young boy who broke the window last night Ex: I met her last year Ex: He spent all his time strolling Ex: they became the highest two ones Ex: you understood the lesson but you didn’t read Ex: I determined to join high school
  6. 6. Past continues tense we use the past simple to talk about actions and states which we see as completed in the past. form: subject + was/were + verb + ing Ex: while I was driving home, peter was trying desperately to contact me. Ex: were you expecting any visitors? Ex: I was just making some coffee Ex: I was thinking about him last night Ex: in the 1990 few people were using mobile phones. Ex: they were speaking her when he arrived by train Ex: she was taking too loudly when the principal Ex: I was dreaming when my mum was calling me Ex: I was crossing the road when some one called by my name
  7. 7. Present perfect tense Present perfect tense Is used to express an action which began at some time in the past and has been completed in the past but which is connected at present time. form: subject + has/have + verb past participle Please note that British and American English have different rules for the use of this tense. The explanation and exercises here refer to British English. In American English, it is often acceptable to use the past simple in some of these examples. NOTE: it is also used an action which recently has been completed We use the present perfect when we want to look back from the present to the past. We can use it to look back on the recent past. Ex: I’ve broken my watch so I don’t know what time it is. Ex: David has just succeeded the president election
  8. 8. Present perfect continues Tense Present perfect continues tense Is used to denote an action which started at some time in the past and still continuing. form: subject + has been/have been + verb + ing NOTE: this tense is used to talk about an action or actions that started in the past and continued until recently or that continue into the future. Ex: she has been dancing the theatre all the day Ex: he has been writing the lesson for the last three years Ex: I have been learning Spanish for 20 years and I still don’t know very much Ex: I have been waiting for him for 30 minutes and he still hasn’t arraved Ex: he has been telling me about it for days. I wish he would stop.
  9. 9. Past perfect tense It is used two events in the past we use past perfect for the event completed earlier and simple past for the letter. form: subject + had + verb + part participle Ex: she broke the window, I want to kill her, May be that she broke the window at 8p.m then you went to kill after words when we compare these two statement we will use past perfect tense For the event completed first and simple past for then letter event. Ex: we returned to London when we had finished our journey Ex: they bought new television when they had taken money from the bank Ex: the prime minister had lectured then sat down
  10. 10. Past perfect continues Tense We use the past perfect continues tense to look back at a situation in progress. form: subject+had+been+verb+ing Ex: it was a good time to invest. Inflation had been falling for several months. Before I changed jobs. I had been working on a plan to reduce production Costs we had been thinking About buying a new house But then we decided to stay Here. We use it to say what Had been happening before Some thing else happened. It had been snowing for a while before we left.We had been playing tennis for only a few minutes when it started raining. He was out of breath when arrived because he had been running. NOTE: We use it when reporting things said in the past Ex: she said she had been trying to call me all day Ex: they said they had been shopping Ex: I told you I had been looking for some new clothes
  11. 11. Future continues Tense This tense is used for an action progress at some time in the future. form: subject+will/shall+be+verb+ing Ex: they will be taking their high examination this year Ex: we shall be leaving few days after Ex: he will be playing the film match tomorrow Ex: his father is not well. He will be going to his home town soon Ex: he has got job. As a teacher he will be joining on Monday
  12. 12. Future perfect tense NOTE: Future perfect tense is Used for an action which is expected to Be completed by certain point in the Future time. The future perfect tense is used to refer To a non-continuous Action which will be completed by a certain time in the future. form: subject+will/shall+have+verb+pastparticiple Ex: by December 2008 we will have written another book of English grammar Ex: when she comes back I shall have built This house. Ex: by the next year I shall have married my sweetheart Ex: the show will have started when you go home Ex: she will have sent money before she comes London Ex: We shall have finished our work by the time you come to me
  13. 13. Conditional sentence NOTE: Conditional sentence has two parts { If-clause, main clause } Ex: If you come on time she will talk to you If-clause main clause NOTE: there three different kinds of conditional sentences in English grammar and they are: 1: possible condition or likely condition 2: Unlikely or imaginary condition 3: Impossible conditional
  14. 14. The passive voice Passive tense seems to be one of English grammar branches which is an important for the second language learners have difficult in the aim of passive voice. 1: when the sentence begins with doer of the action we say it is active voice 2: but when the sentence begins with receiver of the action we say it is passive voice look at the following sentence. Ex: English is learn Ex: new library will be opened Ex: two men were killed in the accident NOTE: transitive verb can only changed into
  15. 15. 1: present continuous tense 2: simple present tense 3: simple future tense 4: simple past tense 5: past continuous tense 6: present perfect tense 7: present perfect continuous tense 8: past perfect tense 9: past perfect continuous tense 10: future continuous tense 11: future perfect tense