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12 tenses of english grammer


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12 Tenses of english grammer

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12 tenses of english grammer

  1. 1. 12 Tenses of English grammar Presented By: Abdi fatah hassan nour {taaxo} I wish All the best
  2. 2. Present continues tensePresent continues tense used for an action which is Happening at the timeof Speaking. Form: subject + is am are+ verb + Ing.EX: David is working ministry of youth and sportEX: he is helping needy personsNOTE: some verbs are not usually found in present continuous tense thesePerception and they are: love, believe, forget, break, understand, prefer,Hate, like, see, and etc.Ex: we understand our lessons {not, we are understanding}Ex: he hates you {not, he is hating you}
  3. 3. Simple present tenseSimple present tense used For an action which happens Every year, everymonth, every week, every day, every time and etc.Ex: I make revision every FridayEx: they pass me here every FridayEx: we like English examinationEx: she makes me happyEx: she comes from AmericaInterrogative fromEx: Do I make revision every FridayNegative fromEx: I don’t make revision every Friday
  4. 4. Simple future tenseSimple future tense used to express an action which will take place at sometime in the Future or what will expect to Happen future time..Note: first personal pronouns I and we are used shall but in Modern systemthey are used When they are only interrogative form.Ex: I will come home sonly.Ex: Shall I come home sonly?Ex: I will not come home sonlyEx: I shall visit you next Friday also we can say I will visit you next FridayEx: we shall listen amusing discussionEx: they will get new letter from LondonEx: the media will interview the president as well as his adviserEx: the government will deport all militant groupsEx: you will confuse the final exam
  5. 5. Simple past tenseSimple past tense used to denote an action which happened at some time inthe Past or for state of being past. form: subject + verbpast + objectEx: She graduated comb ridge university last yearEx: he invited me twice last weekEx: He is the young boy who broke the window last nightEx: I met her last yearEx: He spent all his time strollingEx: they became the highest two onesEx: you understood the lesson but you didn’t readEx: I determined to join high school
  6. 6. Past continues tensewe use the past simple to talk about actions and states which we see ascompleted in the past. form: subject + was/were + verb + ingEx: while I was driving home, peter was trying desperately to contact me.Ex: were you expecting any visitors?Ex: I was just making some coffeeEx: I was thinking about him last nightEx: in the 1990 few people were using mobile phones.Ex: they were speaking her when he arrived by trainEx: she was taking too loudly when the principalEx: I was dreaming when my mum was calling meEx: I was crossing the road when some one called by my name
  7. 7. Present perfect tensePresent perfect tense Is used to express an action which began at some time inthe past and has been completed in the past but which is connected at presenttime. form: subject + has/have + verb past participlePlease note that British and American English have different rules for the useof this tense. The explanation and exercises here refer to British English. InAmerican English, it is often acceptable to use the past simple in some of theseexamples.NOTE: it is also used an action which recently has been completedWe use the present perfect when we want to look back from the present to thepast. We can use it to look back on the recent past.Ex: I’ve broken my watch so I don’t know what time it is.Ex: David has just succeeded the president election
  8. 8. Present perfect continues TensePresent perfect continues tense Is used to denote an action which started atsome time in the past and still continuing. form: subject + has been/have been + verb + ingNOTE: this tense is used to talk about an action or actions that started in thepast and continued until recently or that continue into the future.Ex: she has been dancing the theatre all the dayEx: he has been writing the lesson for the last three yearsEx: I have been learning Spanish for 20 years and I still don’t know very muchEx: I have been waiting for him for 30 minutes and he still hasn’t arravedEx: he has been telling me about it for days. I wish he would stop.
  9. 9. Past perfect tenseIt is used two events in the past we use past perfect for the event completedearlier and simple past for the letter. form: subject + had + verb + part participleEx: she broke the window, I want to kill her, May be that she broke thewindow at 8p.m then you went to kill after words when we compare these twostatement we will use past perfect tense For the event completed first andsimple past for then letter event.Ex: we returned to London when we had finished our journeyEx: they bought new television when they had taken money from the bankEx: the prime minister had lectured then sat down
  10. 10. Past perfect continues TenseWe use the past perfect continues tense to look back at a situation in progress. form: subject+had+been+verb+ingEx: it was a good time to invest. Inflation had been falling for several months.Before I changed jobs. I had been working on a plan to reduce productionCosts we had been thinking About buying a new houseBut then we decided to stay Here. We use it to say what Had been happeningbefore Some thing else happened. It had been snowing for a while before weleft.We had been playing tennis for only a few minutes when it startedraining.He was out of breath when arrived because he had been running.NOTE: We use it when reporting things said in the pastEx: she said she had been trying to call me all dayEx: they said they had been shoppingEx: I told you I had been looking for some new clothes
  11. 11. Future continues TenseThis tense is used for an action progress at some time in the future. form: subject+will/shall+be+verb+ingEx: they will be taking their high examination this yearEx: we shall be leaving few days afterEx: he will be playing the film match tomorrowEx: his father is not well. He will be going to his home town soonEx: he has got job. As a teacher he will be joining on Monday
  12. 12. Future perfect tenseNOTE: Future perfect tense is Used for an action which is expected to Becompleted by certain point in the Future time. The future perfect tense is usedto referTo a non-continuous Action which will be completed by a certain time in thefuture. form: subject+will/shall+have+verb+pastparticipleEx: by December 2008 we will have written another book of English grammarEx: when she comes back I shall have built This house.Ex: by the next year I shall have married my sweetheartEx: the show will have started when you go homeEx: she will have sent money before she comes LondonEx: We shall have finished our work by the time you come to me
  13. 13. Conditional sentenceNOTE: Conditional sentence has two parts { If-clause, main clause }Ex: If you come on time she will talk to you If-clause main clauseNOTE: there three different kinds of conditional sentences in Englishgrammar and they are:1: possible condition or likely condition2: Unlikely or imaginary condition3: Impossible conditional
  14. 14. The passive voicePassive tense seems to be one of English grammar branches which is animportant for the second language learners have difficult in the aim of passivevoice.1: when the sentence begins with doer of the action we say it is active voice2: but when the sentence begins with receiver of the action we say it is passivevoice look at the following sentence.Ex: English is learnEx: new library will be openedEx: two men were killed in the accidentNOTE: transitive verb can only changed into
  15. 15. 1: present continuous tense2: simple present tense3: simple future tense4: simple past tense5: past continuous tense6: present perfect tense7: present perfect continuous tense8: past perfect tense9: past perfect continuous tense10: future continuous tense11: future perfect tense