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Safety in the workshop final


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The observation of safety guidelines are essential to the well being of any worker and the productivity of the said workers. this presentation will offer a clear guideline for those within the building industry.

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Safety in the workshop final

  1. 1. SAFETY IN THE WORKSHOP Presented by: Mr. B. Elliott General Construction Instructor Copyright MHS/PVTC2010
  2. 2. 1. GENERAL AND PERSONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES  PERSONAL SAFETY PROCEDURES: Has to do with the way in which a person is attired for the workshop or worksite for practical activity.  Always wear your personal protective equipment (ppe)  Do not wear defective ppe
  3. 3. GENERAL AND PERSONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURES  GENERAL SAFETY PROCEDURES: has to do with the general working environment.  Clean up all spills immediately  Keep workshop clean  Ensure all machine guards are in place before use.
  4. 4. 1.2 APPROPRIATE HEALTH AND SAFETY MATERIALS, ACCESSORIES  Accessories: Any thing that can be added to something else in order to make it more useful, versatile, or attractive.  Safety materials: items used to prevent injury or damage to someone or something
  5. 5. 1.2 APPROPRIATE HEALTH AND SAFETY MATERIALS, ACCESSORIES  Equipment: supplies; items; instruments, tools or other things needed for completing a specific task  Tools: A device, equipment or gadget, esp. one held in the hand, that is used to perform or carry out a particular task or function
  6. 6. 1.2 APPROPRIATE HEALTH AND SAFETY MATERIALS, ACCESSORIES  Gear: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)or clothing - Specialized clothing or equipment worn by employees for protection against health and safety hazards. Personal protective equipment is designed to protect many parts of the body, i.e., eyes, head, face, hands, feet, and ears. Work related examples include shatter proof safety glasses, steel toed work boots, construction site helmets, leather aprons and so on
  7. 7. FIRES Fires can be classified into Five groups – A, B, C, D and K. Class A fires are common combustible materials such as wood, cloth, paper and packing materials. Class B fires are of flammable liquids such as petrol, kerosene, oil, grease, fat, wax, paint, thinners lacquers and solvents. Class C fires involve live electrical equipment such as light fittings, motors, generators, cables, wiring, switches, switchboards and electronic equipment.
  8. 8.  Class D fires involve combustible metals such as magnesium, potassium, and sodium.  Class K fires are caused by household chemicals such as aerosol spray, candles, nail polish remover, acetone, etc.
  9. 9. FIRE EXTINGUISHER AND THEIR USE(S) EXTINGUISHER TYPE HOW IT WORK EFFECTIVE AGAINST Pressurized water or Ordinary combustible  cooling  class A fires Carbon dioxide or Flammable liquid smothering classes B & C fires  Multipurpose dry powder or Flammable gas smothering classes A, B & C fires Dry chemical for combustible metal or Combustible metals  smothering  class D fires Wet chemicals cooling & smothering classes A, B and Kitchen fires
  10. 10. EXAMPLES OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS Dry Chemical Halon Water Carbon Dioxide
  11. 11. FIRE FIGHTING  As with all workplace hazards, fire should be dealt with immediately and quickly. Various types of portable fire extinguishers, fire blankets, hoses and water can be used to extinguish fires.  If you observe a fire, here are some useful tips of SAFETY: • Sound alarm • Advise fire brigade • Fight fire • Evacuate • Tell everyone to get clear • You get clear Never use water on a Class B fire as it may Spread the burning liquid.
  12. 12. PROCEDURES TO USE AN EXTINGUISHER 1. Remove extinguisher from rack/box 2. Hold upright, pull ring pin 3. Start back 10 feet, hold flexible hose with one hand aiming the nozzle at the base of flame 4. Squeeze operating handle or lever; sweep from side to side
  13. 13. 1.3 DEFINITION OF FIRST AID This is the emergency care/treatment given to a victim of sudden injury or illness before more skilful or professional medical care is given/accessed
  14. 14. IMPORTANCE OF FIRST AID First aid may save a life or improve certain vital signs including pulse, temperature, a patient (unobstructed) airway, and breathing. In minor emergencies, first aid may prevent a victim’s condition from worsening and provide relief from pain.
  15. 15. ACCIDENT An accident is an unexpected, unplanned and undesirable event, which causes – or nearly causes – human injury or damage to property. Examples: falling from a ladder, objects falling from overhead, etc. Accidents mean suffering and loss for everyone! Accidents seldom just happen – they are usually caused!
  16. 16. CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS  Carelessness - Fooling around, running about. Paying no regard for others working near you. Not paying attention to safety rules.  Ignorance – of the dangers of a machine or tool, and of safety precautions.  Unsuitable clothing – Large, loose clothing, unbuttoned shirt, wearing neckties.  Untidiness – Overcrowded passageways, objects on the floor, grease or oil on the floor.
  17. 17.  Hand Tools – Using dull blunt or broken tools. Using incorrect tools.  Exposed Eyes – Not wearing proper eye protection during practical work.  Machine Tools – No knowledge of how to operate machines. No permission to use machines. Machine tools and parts not secured properly.  Lifting Objects – Lifting anything that is too heavy for you to manage.
  18. 18. INJURY  A instance of physical harm or damage suffered  Examples: fractures, burns, bruises, strains, Sprains, etc
  19. 19. EMERGENCY  A sudden and unexpected event requiring immediate attention  Example: weak or slow breathing, heart stops, Injuries of the skin(2nd & 3rd degree burns and fractures)
  20. 20. FIRST AID PROCEDURES Assessing the situation(what to treat first) 1. Don’t panic: psychological support is essential 2. Remember the ABC’s of life support Airway open: open and maintain victim’s airway Breathing restored: if not breathing, begin rescue breathing technique Circulation maintained: if no pulse is present, begin CPR (by blowing 1 rescue breath into victims mouth after each 5 external cardiac compressions)
  21. 21. 3. Check for bleeding: a) apply direct pressure b) Elevate injured limb only if it doesn’t cause further pain or injury c)Apply pressure on supplying artery. Only use a tourniquet for severe life threatening hemorrhage as a last resort when all other measures fail. 4. Look for signs of shock and broken bones (fractures) 5. Look for an emergency medical identification tag on the victim’s wrist, ankle or neck.
  22. 22. 6. Get professional medical help quickly. Know emergency numbers. Telephone appropriate authorities and describe the problem. Be sure to give your name, location and the number of persons involved. 7. Loosen any clothing that may restrict victim’s breathing or interfere with circulation.
  23. 23. 8. Never give an unconscious person anything by mouth. 9. Do not move injured persons unless situation is life threatening. Keep victim still, quiet and warm (except heat exhaustion and sun stroke). Victim with broken bones should not be moved until a splint has been properly applied
  25. 25. IDENTIFY SAFETY HAZARDS  Health and safety hazards exist on construction worksites; therefore, it is your responsibility to first, identify the hazards and then take the necessary actions to minimize the risks.  All workplaces have hazards that could cause injury or illness. These situations not only cause personal suffering and loss of income, but also loss of productivity and property damage.
  26. 26. HAZARDS  Anything that can expose a person to danger or injury.  Hazardous situations, if detected early and corrected speedily, can significantly reduce the chances of accidents occurring.
  27. 27. TYPES OF WORKPLACE HAZARDS Tripping: cluttered work area, unsecured extension cords, obstacles in walkway, protruding objects, Limited storage space – results in materials not being stacked correctly to facilitate easy retrieval Health: Fumes and gases - exposure to toxic substances and chemicals; Dust - exposure during sanding and clean up activities; Garbage in workshop, improper lifting technique Electrical-improper grounding, use of extension cords with worn insulation, exposed wires or misuse of electrical equipment, trailing electric leads
  28. 28.  Chemical: Solids, Liquids, Gases  Mechanical: faulty equipment and machinery, Malfunctioning machinery  Physical: Noise, Heat, Sun, Vibration, Manual handling of tools and equipment, Poor lighting – tools cannot be applied effectively in areas that are not well lit  Fire: use of heat gun not in accordance with directions, improper storage of flammable Substances, oily rags
  30. 30. WHAT TO DO When you have identified safety hazards in your work environment, you need to take the necessary steps to implement procedures to reduce risk to self and others. These include: Using correct tools and equipment and reporting defective equipment
  31. 31. WHAT TO DO  Wearing appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)  Handling materials safely  Adhering to workplace, environmental and safety regulations.  Securing hazardous materials and substances
  32. 32.  Reporting incidents, illnesses or injuries to your supervisor immediately  Reporting potentially hazardous situations promptly to your supervisor  Using fire fighting equipment and carrying out first-aid procedures in the event of an emergency
  33. 33. 1.4 SAFE AND HEALTHY WORKING ENVIRONMENT A safe and secure working environment is one which eliminates or minimizes: 1.The chances of fire occurring 2.Accidents such as falls, cuts, burns, electrical shocks 3.Theft 4.Fraud
  34. 34. SAFE AND HEALTHY WORKING ENVIRONMENT Falls: to reduce the chance of someone falling, the following may be used: 1.Non skid mats on surfaces which may be slippery 2.Appropriate safety signs such as “wet floor”, “watch your step”
  35. 35. SAFE AND HEALTHY WORKING ENVIRONMENT Theft: use burglar alarm, door chains, security camera, Fire: use fire extinguisher, fire alarm, smoke detector, wet blanket, sprinkler, sand
  36. 36. WASTE DISPOSAL Rubbish and scraps should be placed in containers until disposal can be made. Instead of burning treated wood, bury or place them in an ordinary trash collection bin or dumpster which should be placed on the site.
  37. 37. HYGIENIC PRACTICES AND REQUIREMENTS Hair care, mouth care, regular bath, changing clothing regular, use appropriate deodorants, wash hands after working, etc.
  38. 38. STORAGE OF MATERIALS AND SUPPLIES Place building materials and supplies in neat piles. Locate materials and supplies to allow adequate aisle and walkways. Keep flammable chemicals/liquids properly covered.
  39. 39. 1.5 ACCIDENT REPORT
  40. 40. 1.6 CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF TOOLS, EQUIPMENT AND MACHINES  keep tools securely held and ensure that when working with tools the operator has a good firm foothold, is well balanced  ensure the floor is clean  Always use the right tool for the job. Only use tools for the purpose for which they were designed.  Always use the right size tool  Use protective eye gear at all times when necessary.
  41. 41. CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF TOOLS, EQUIPMENT AND MACHINES  When using a cutting tool, such as a saw, take particular care to ensure that the work piece is held in a vice or clamp  Keep your free hand well away from the cutting edge of the tool  Always keep cutting tools guarded when not in use, or when being transported.  Always be careful with any striking tool, use the appropriate tool for the job.  Protect your body from the tool and, where relevant, from any flying remains or chips produced by using the tool
  42. 42. GRADED ACTIVITY #1 Write the local number(s) and emergency numbers (where applicable) for the following authorities:  Police  Fire Department  Ambulance  Sea & Air rescue  Child Development Agency  Local Hospital
  43. 43. ACTIVITY 1. Develop a scenario (Role play) in which an accident occurred in the working environment and present measures to correct the problem and prevent future accidents. Your facilitator and your peers will assess your play.
  44. 44. CHECKPOINT  What do you consider to be the main factors which contribute to the safe use of tools?  List eight (8) safety requirements for using hand tools.  Outline some of the hazards to which you are exposed while using hand tools and  Recommend appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) that will guard against those hazards.
  45. 45. THE END