Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

A core content strategy process for a strong start csa

345 views

Published on

A content strategy process methodology presented at the Content Strategy Applied conference in London, February 2017.

  • Be the first to comment

A core content strategy process for a strong start csa

  1. 1. MARLOWE BECKLEY A Core Content Strategy Process for a Strong Start
  2. 2. Agenda • Introductions • Overview • Methodology • Intermission (15 min) • Deliverables • Resources
  3. 3. Goals for Today • Learn Everything • Provide Resources • What are your goals?
  4. 4. ABOUT MARLOWE BECKLEY • Content Director, Hathway, a mobile innovation agency • Formerly of SapientNitro, Razorfish, and Manifest • 10 years in Content Strategy • Previous clients include Fortune 50 financial services firms and some of the world’s largest companies • @marlowebeckley • marlowe@wearehathway.com • www.linkedin/in/marlowesarahbeckley
  5. 5. ABOUT HATHWAY • Since 2008, Hathway has been helping global brands put useful brand experiences in the hands of customers at the right time and place • Our value lies in concepting breakthrough ideas paired with outstanding execution across media, touchpoint and device • www.wearehathway.com Every interaction, connection & touchpoint matters.
  6. 6. Class Bio • Name, title, company, goal for today • How many years have you been working in content? • Who works at an agency? • Who reports to IT or Operations? • Who reports to Marketing? • How many of you work in an Agile environment? • How many work in waterfall? • What types of content do you work with?
  7. 7. Business Issues Bio • What is the biggest content problem you have? • What is the biggest business problem your company is facing? • How is content positioned to support that problem?
  8. 8. Overview Objectives Define Content Define Content Strategy Purpose of Content Strategy
  9. 9. What Is Content?  Rahel Bailie: The stuff between the tags  Joe Pulizzi: Compelling information that informs, engages or amuses  Kevin Nichols: Any recorded information  Ann Rockley: Not limited to one purpose, technology or output. Intelligent content is structurally rich and semantically aware, and is therefore discoverable, reusable, reconfigurable and adaptable.
  10. 10. Quiz  Besides text and photos, what kind of content formats do you deal with now?  What kind of content do you expect to create in the next five years?  Is your company’s current process set up to handle that content?
  11. 11. Strategy Definition • A plan of action designed to achieve a long-term or overall aim • Options chosen to create a desired future, such as achieving a goal or finding a solution to a problem
  12. 12. Content Strategy Definition • Fundamentally, it’s simply getting the right content to the right customer at the right time, in the right format. • A content strategy is a repeatable method for identifying all content requirements up front and to create consistently structured content designed for reuse, managed from a definitive source, to meet both customer and business needs. • A repeatable system that manages content throughout its lifecycle
  13. 13. Two “Sides” to Content Strategy • “Front end”: Editorial • Content Development • Writing/Editorial Style Guides • Editorial Calendar • “Back end”: Content Architecture • Content Models • Content Types • Taxonomies • Metadata Source: Ann Rockley
  14. 14. Content Strategy Components
  15. 15. Where is the Content Strategy? • A set of guidelines that document the standards and requirements of the relevant content • Outlines the business process for creating consistent, unified and structured content • May include a content model to illustrate the enterprise’s content and their relationships
  16. 16. Content Lifecycle
  17. 17. Content Lifecycle Sources: Gartner, June 2000 and Rahel Bailie, Intentional Design • Acquire • Author • Localize • Metadata • Present • Transform • Aggregate • Revise • Requirements • Testing • Metrics • Models • Standards • Structure • Repository Manage Analyze CollectPublish Content Repository Workflow Integration
  18. 18. Strategy Sources: Gartner, June 2000 and Rahel Bailie, Intentional Design • Requirements • Testing • Metrics Manage Analyze CollectPublish
  19. 19. Implementation Sources: Gartner, June 2000 and Rahel Bailie, Intentional Design • Present • Transform • Aggregate • Revise • Acquire • Author • Localize • Metadata • Models • Standards • Structure • Repository Manage Analyze CollectPublish
  20. 20. Governance Sources: Gartner, June 2000 and Rahel Bailie, Intentional Design Content Repository Workflow Integration
  21. 21. Quiz: Lifecycle • Can content exist in all quadrants? • Where is your content coming from? • What should happen to content before it moves through the lifecycle again? • Content management/governance allows content to? • How do you add value to content? Sources: Gartner, June 2000 and Rahel Bailie, Intentional Design
  22. 22. Methodology
  23. 23. Methodology Overview Discover: Current state • Content process • Content requirements • Business performance • Use cases • Tech/Tools Define: Future State • Content metrics • Business goals • User needs • Tech/Tools • Channels • Processes • Blue sky Gap Analysis • Identify needs • Determine level of effort • Low-hanging fruit • Provide options Define: Roadmap • Editorial plan • Process • Tech/Tools • Governance
  24. 24. Deliverables by Phase Discover Assessing & Auditing • Content Brief • Content Assessment • Content Inventory • Content Audit • Competitive Assessment Business Planning & Resources • Staffing Recommendation Requirements • Content Metrics • SEO Recommendations • Content Requirements Strategic Recommendations • Content Recommendations • Content Strategy framework • Conceptual Content Model Editorial • Editorial Strategy & style guide Content Production / Migration • Content Matrix • Content Migration Plan • Content Production Plan • Localization Strategy • CMS Authoring Guide Define Design Implement Business Planning & Resources • Governance Model • Business Org Structure • Staffing Plan Content Model and Workflow • Content Types definition • Template recommendations • CMS Content Model • Content Matrix • Content Lifecycle definition Taxonomy & Meta-tagging • Taxonomy • Metadata and Tagging Strategy • Taxonomy Governance Plan Editorial • Editorial Calendar • Editorial Style Guide • Copy Deck Source: Kevin Nichols
  25. 25. Quiz: The Purpose of Content Strategy • Why do we go through all this effort?
  26. 26. CS as Strategist/Consultant • The content strategist is a management consultant in disguise (according to Rahel Bailie) • Content strategy is business transformation • CS solves business problems • CS uses a repeatable methodology, just like consulting • Consulting exists to help clients improve ROI
  27. 27. Content Strategy ROI • Enhanced communication across teams and less rework, reduced duplication of content • Better, more consistent user experience • Consistent SEO to give your content more mileage • Repeatable methods for identifying requirements • Definitive sources of legally-approved content • Re-usability for a variety of content through multiple devices (modularity) • On-demand assembly processes to meet customer communication needs efficiently and consistently
  28. 28. How to calculate content strategy ROI • There are hard and soft evaluations of content strategy return on investment • For example: Consistent voice and tone that improves the customer experience through increased engagement may be “soft” to measure but invaluable to the brand credibility and perception • Tie key performance indicators to content. • A/B test calls to action and measure the results • What other measures are there?
  29. 29. Content versioning escalation example
  30. 30. Quiz: Align Business Goals to Content Strategy Common Business Goals Increase revenue Reduce risk Globalization Increase engagement Improve economies of scale Content Tactics High quality content Streamlined content production Automated review process Multi-channel publishing Personalized content
  31. 31. Deliverables
  32. 32. Deliverables by Phase Discover Assessing & Auditing • Stakeholder Interviews • Content Brief • Content Inventory • Content Audit • Competitive Assessment Business Planning & Resources • Staffing Recommendation Requirements • Content Metrics • SEO Recommendations • Content Requirements Strategic Recommendations • Content Recommendations • Content Strategy framework • Conceptual Content Model Content Production / Migration • Content Matrix • Content Migration Plan • Content Production Plan • Localization Strategy • CMS Authoring Guide Define Design Implement Business Planning & Resources • Governance Model • Business Org Structure • Staffing Plan Content Model and Workflow • Content Types definition • Template recommendations • CMS Content Model • Content Matrix • Content Lifecycle definition Taxonomy & Meta-tagging • Taxonomy • Metadata and Tagging Strategy • Taxonomy Governance Plan Editorial • Editorial Calendar • Editorial Style Guide • Copy Deck Source: Kevin Nichols
  33. 33. Map Deliverables
  34. 34. The Minimum Discover Assessing & Auditing • Stakeholder Interviews • Content Brief • Content Inventory • Content Audit • Competitive Assessment Business Planning & Resources • Staffing Recommendation Requirements • Content Metrics • SEO Recommendations • Content Requirements Strategic Recommendations • Content Recommendations • Content Strategy framework • Conceptual Content Model Content Production / Migration • Content Matrix • Content Migration Plan • Content Production Plan • Localization Strategy • CMS Authoring Guide Define Design Implement Business Planning & Resources • Governance Model • Business Org Structure • Staffing Plan Content Model and Workflow • Content Types definition • Template recommendations • CMS Content Model • Content Lifecycle definition Taxonomy & Meta-tagging • Taxonomy • Metadata and Tagging Strategy • Taxonomy Governance Plan Editorial • Editorial Calendar • Editorial Style Guide • Copy Deck Source: Kevin Nichols Minimum deliverables for a full CS project.
  35. 35. The We Don’t Want Content Strategy Minimum Discover Assessing & Auditing • Stakeholder Interviews • Content Brief • Content Inventory • Content Audit • Competitive Assessment Business Planning & Resources • Staffing Recommendation Requirements • Content Metrics • SEO Recommendations • Content Requirements Strategic Recommendations • Content Recommendations • Content Strategy framework • Conceptual Content Model Define Source: Kevin Nichols Minimum deliverables for a full CS project.
  36. 36. The New CMS Minimum Discover Assessing & Auditing • Stakeholder Interviews • Content Brief • Content Inventory • Content Audit • Competitive Assessment Business Planning & Resources • Staffing Recommendation Requirements • Content Metrics • SEO Recommendations • Content Requirements Strategic Recommendations • Content Recommendations • Content Strategy framework • Conceptual Content Model Content Production / Migration • Content Matrix • Content Migration Plan • Content Production Plan • Localization Strategy • CMS Authoring Guide Define Design Implement Business Planning & Resources • Governance Model • Business Org Structure • Staffing Plan • Content Model and Workflow • Content Types definition • Template recommendations • CMS Content Model • Content Lifecycle definition Taxonomy & Meta-tagging • Taxonomy • Metadata and Tagging Strategy • Taxonomy Governance Plan Editorial • Editorial Calendar • Editorial Style Guide • Copy Deck Source: Kevin Nichols Minimum deliverables for a full CS project.
  37. 37. Deliverables to Share Discover Assessing & Auditing • Stakeholder Interviews • Content Brief • Content Inventory • Content Audit • Competitive Assessment Business Planning & Resources • Staffing Recommendation Requirements • Content Metrics • SEO Recommendations • Content Requirements Strategic Recommendations • Content Recommendations • Content Strategy framework • Conceptual Content Model Content Production / Migration • Content Matrix • Content Migration Plan • Content Production Plan • Localization Strategy • CMS Authoring Guide Define Design Implement Business Planning & Resources • Governance Model • Business Org Structure • Staffing Plan • Content Model and Workflow • Content Types definition • Template recommendations • CMS Content Model • Content Lifecycle definition Taxonomy & Meta-tagging • Taxonomy • Metadata and Tagging Strategy • Taxonomy Governance Plan Editorial • Editorial Calendar • Editorial Style Guide • Copy Deck Source: Kevin Nichols Minimum deliverables for a full CS project.
  38. 38. Successful Content
  39. 39. The Ideal Content • High Quality • Relevant • Accessible • Accurate • Engaging • CMS Agnostic • Findable • Timely 40 PLUS gives users what they want: • Task completion • Entertainment • Social engagement
  40. 40. Steps to Create Content Plan Acquire assets Align to Model Migrate Build Author Process
  41. 41. Quality Content Checklist • Chunked and designed for reuse • Semantically tagged • Mapped to a content model • On brand –voice and tone correct • Consistent across all channels –analog and digital • Uses quality, unique keywords (Mathewson) • What else?
  42. 42. Select Deliverable Examples
  43. 43. Content Audit
  44. 44. Content Audit • Read Content Audits and Inventories: A Handbook by Paula Land • Use the inventory as your base • Identify high-value content • Popular • Required by law • Current • Meets top 5 business/customer goals • Other criteria? • Look for patterns and gaps
  45. 45. Content Brief
  46. 46. Content Brief • May be a stand-alone document • Often part of Experience Strategy, Creative Brief or other doc • Structure: • Background/Project purpose • Business problem • Content objectives • Special considerations, if any (third parties, APIs, etc.) • Recommendations • Roadmap (optional) • Process (may be separate by phase) • Budget (may be in another doc)
  47. 47. MGM GRAND & MGM RESORTS INTERNATIONAL Role: Content Director, led team of six content strategists Project Overview: This project required a flexible, scalable, cross-platform content strategy and uniquely structured content model to allow for consistent content to live anywhere across 12 separately branded MGM Resorts. Responsibilities: Team management, presented all client-facing work, collaboratewith internal work tracks, daily meetings with client stakeholders, presentations to executives, facilitated taxonomyworkshops, plus ran tagging and authoring training sessions. Tasks & Deliverables: • Stakeholder Interviews & Research • Content Audit Findings & Content Strategy Recommendations • Site Navigation Research and Recommendations to 4 levels • Content Model to accommodate multiple content sources • Scope Matrix & Content Requirements • Content Matrices and Migration Management • Content Governance Plan with Workflows • Content Authoring Training Manual (co-author, 500 pages) Results: Increased conversions, cross-sell ability and content management, allowed for more engaging story-telling.
  48. 48. Content Mapping Conceptual IA Physical IA
  49. 49. Conceptual Information Architecture • Map the current and future state content to a conceptual site map • Card sort • Client workshop • Make sure you have all the content from everywhere • Map goals and objectives of the content • Use the customer’s/user’s mental model/terminology Goal Objective Task Content Content Objective Activity Content
  50. 50. Physical Information Architecture/Site Map Courtesy Kate Cleveland.com
  51. 51. Taxonomy/Metadata
  52. 52. Taxonomy and Metadata • Taxonomy = controlled vocabulary + structure • Essential for findability • Drive navigation • Bridges the content model and metadata • Three kinds of me data: • Admin • Structural • Descriptive • Quiz: Define types of metadata
  53. 53. Taxonomy Example • Business: Cell phone provider • Create three levels of taxonomy • Include synonyms where possible Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Amenities Golf Green Sand Trap Tee Fairway Water Hazard Clubhouse Caddy Pool Architecture Cabana Daybed Lazy River Umbrella Lifestyle Wet Splash Sunbathing Swimsuit Shopping Type of Store Clothing Store Jewelry Store Gallery
  54. 54. Asset Metadata Requirements Example 55
  55. 55. Exercise: Create a taxonomy • Business: Cell phone provider • Create three levels of taxonomy • Include synonyms where possible
  56. 56. Content Model
  57. 57. Content Model • White: Static content • Greens: CMS • Blue: Dynamic content 58
  58. 58. Content Type Example 59 Attraction Attraction Name User Entered Text Field Description User Entered Text Field Attraction Times User Entered Text Field Hours of Operation User Entered Text Field Additional Ticketing Options User Entered Text Field Ticket Prices User Entered Text Field Restrictions User Entered Text Field General Information User Entered Text Field Disclaimers User Entered Text Field Images User Entered Image Video User Entered Video Buy Tickets Guest Hyperlink Website User Entered Hyperlink Deals User Entered Background/History/Design of attraction User Entered Text Field Fan/Guest videos and images User Entered Image/Video Awards/Accolades User Entered Text Field # of visitors per year User Entered Text Field Cost to build User Entered Text Field Opened User Entered Text Field Stats User Entered Text Field Name Element` Content source Field type in CMS Required or optional Y Y Y Y N Y N N N Y N Y N N N N N N N N
  59. 59. Model to template example PAGE TEMPLATECONTENT TYPES Global Header Local Navigation Featured Content Link List Footer Article
  60. 60. Content Matrix
  61. 61. 66The Content Matrix: Deconstructed | CSA2014 WHAT DO WE MEAN BY CONTENT MATRIX? • It is what we make it ECM matrix used with permission from Wordimage.com
  62. 62. When Do You Use A Content Matrix? • Any time you need to understand your content • Structure unstructured content • Whenever you need a: • Content inventory • Audit/assessment • Gap analysis • Migration plan • Content development tracking • Capture any data about content • Identify content goals/audiences/priorities
  63. 63. By Project Phase • Discovery: Inventory, audit, gap analysis • Design: Site map, content model • Develop: Page templates, tracking • Deploy: Migration plans • Govern: Metadata, taxonomy
  64. 64. A Migration and Build Matrix Example Bank Bank Ban k B a n k Ban k B a n k B a n k B a n k Ban k
  65. 65. Long-Form Content Solution
  66. 66. Editorial Calendar Functional Integrated
  67. 67. Where is your content published? • Website • App • “Old social media”: Facebook, LinkedIn • “New social media”: Snapchat, Instagram • Content Design • Content Marketing
  68. 68. Common Business Goals • Increase • Online purchases • Lead generation • Promote • Ideas • Brands • Yours? Line up business goals and customer needs with the calendar
  69. 69. Editorial Calendar • Functional calendar: • Schedules when and where content is published • Leave room for emergencies and surprise campaigns • Include all content channels –what if owned by another team? • Integrated calendar: • Go beyond a schedule • Anticipate content needs • Identify content connections, upsells, duplication Campaign • Social media • Landing page • Email blast New Product • Landing page • Support/help content • Campaign Blog • New products • New ideas • Social media
  70. 70. The Future of Content Strategy • What skill differentiates a content strategist from the AI copy writing and automated A/B testing and automated tagging software that is becoming standard for large companies?
  71. 71. 76The Content Matrix: Deconstructed | CSA2014 THE FUTURE IS CHANGE You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the exiting model obsolete. - Richard Buckminster Fuller 76
  72. 72. RECOMMENDED READING • Content Strategy: Connecting the dots between business, brand, and benefits by Rahel Anne Bailie and Noz Urbina • “Enterprise Content Strategy: A Project Guide” by Kevin Nichols • Managing Enterprise Content by Ann Rockley and Charles Cooper • Content Strategy for Mobile by Karen McGrane • Content Everywhere by Sara Wachter-Boettcher • Mobile First by Luke Wroblewski • Content Typing & Flows, Rahel Anne Bailie • Modeling Information Experiences: A Recipe for Consistent Architecture, Andrea Ames • Content Strategy Alliance templates 77
  73. 73. CONTENT IS PRECIOUS “You can’t afford to create a piece of content for any one platform. Instead of crafting a website, you have to put more effort into crafting the different bits of an asset, so they can be reused more effectively, so they can deliver more value.” - Nic Newman, BBC (via Karen McGrane)
  74. 74. Thank you 79

×