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Role of IT in Science Communication


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The presentation gives an overview on the role of IT in Science Communication. Being a faculty member for the NISCAIR training programme, the author presented the slide the NISCAIR training programme on 11th Feb. 2011.

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Role of IT in Science Communication

  1. 1. 11 th Feb. 2010 RAJEEV KUMAR Computer Prog. Officer SAARC Doc. Centre ( [email_address]
  2. 2. Agenda for the presentation <ul><li>Science communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition & professional organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose/need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modes or methods used </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition, concepts and professional organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World Wide Web (WWW) and future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role of IT in science communication </li></ul><ul><li>Science Communication 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  3. 3. What is science communication? <ul><li>Sum of all those processes by which scientific culture and knowledge is incorporated into the common culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making science part of everyday life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bridging the gap between science and society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making science accessible and exciting to young people and non-scientists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other stakeholders include the public, policy makers and media </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discipline that developed rapidly in theory and in practice since 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Professional organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centre for the Public Awareness of Science (CPAS) at Australian National University (ANU) in 1996 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American (1848), Australian and New Zealand (1888), South African (1903) Associations and the Indian Science Congress (1888) </li></ul></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  4. 4. What is Science Communication <ul><li>We define science communication as  &quot;successful dissemination of knowledge with a wide range of audiences including non-scientists&quot; . </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  5. 5. Role of IT in Science Communication
  6. 6. Role of IT in Science Communication
  7. 7. Purpose of science communication <ul><li>To involve the public more in the processes and culture of science </li></ul><ul><li>To create an awareness of what science is attempting to achieve, to cultivate the ‘need to know’ that is the hallmark of good communication </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  8. 8. Benefits of science communication <ul><li>Economic (the contribution science can make to the national economy and individual wealth) </li></ul><ul><li>Utilitarian (people owe much of their health and well-being to scientific invention) </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic (to be fully informed enfranchises people) </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural (the best science is, in company with the best of other areas endeavour, high art) </li></ul><ul><li>Social (at every evolutionary stage – stone, bronze, iron, industrial, biological – science underpins the evolution of society) </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  9. 9. Levels of science communication <ul><li>Teaching of science in formal settings, in primary, secondary and tertiary institutions (science education) </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching of science in informal settings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public understanding of science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public awareness of science </li></ul></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  10. 10. Public understanding of science <ul><li>Comprehension of scientific facts, ideas and policies, combined with a knowledge of the impact such facts, ideas and policies have on the personal, social and economic well-being of the community </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns that part of public already committed to the philosophies of science, having been entrained by formal means </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrated by the membership of non-professional science-based societies, by public lectures and adult education courses and in the provision of extracurricular learning opportunities for those pursuing formal education in science </li></ul><ul><li>Creates an intelligent, informed and skilled component of society that will act as an extremely valuable resource for community </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  11. 11. Public awareness of science <ul><li>Objective is to reach that greater proportion of the public that has yet to be so entrained </li></ul><ul><li>Much more difficult endeavour </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes enormously to social well-being by creating a better informed community </li></ul><ul><li>Community that is confident in its possession of scientific ideas and is comfortable about raising children to have the same confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Ganesha example </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  12. 12. Tools for Science Communication <ul><li>Newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Posters </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Brochures </li></ul><ul><li>conceptual diagrams.  </li></ul><ul><li>INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  13. 13. IT & Science Communication <ul><li>Computers, network systems, and other technologies offer powerful tools for creating, communicating, and managing data, and for a host of other activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Role IT in Science Communication – COUNTLESS, BOUNDARYLESS </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  14. 14. Understanding Information Technology (IT) <ul><li>Information Technology is the use of computers and software to manage information. </li></ul><ul><li>IT is the area of managing technology and spans wide variety of areas that include but are not limited to things such as processes,  computer software ,  information systems , computer hardware,  programming languages , and data constructs. In short, anything that renders data, information or perceived knowledge in any visual format whatsoever, via any multimedia distribution mechanism, is considered part of the domain space known as Information Technology (IT). </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  15. 15. Basic Concepts in IT <ul><li>Data & Database </li></ul><ul><li>Information Science & Information Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Computer </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Programming </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Information technology audit </li></ul><ul><li>Information security </li></ul><ul><li>World Wide Web </li></ul><ul><li>Digital library </li></ul><ul><li>Pattern recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Data management </li></ul><ul><li>Data storage </li></ul><ul><li>Cryptography </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  16. 16. <ul><li>The widely used IT tool, i.e. Computers replaced Typewriters, old days printing machines. </li></ul><ul><li>Resources for Science Communication – INTERNET – the most powerful media to get and deliver the information. </li></ul><ul><li>Present day of Internet is the era of </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Science Communication is now Science 2.0 </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  17. 17. World Wide Web (WWW) <ul><li>The World Wide Web (commonly shortened to the Web ) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents accessed via the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>With a Web browser , a user views Web pages that may contain text , images , videos , and other multimedia and navigates between them using hyperlinks </li></ul><ul><li>The World Wide Web was created in 1989 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee , working at CERN in Geneva , Switzerland </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  18. 18. How does WWW work? <ul><li>Type a URL in a web browser or follow a hyperlink </li></ul><ul><li>Server-name portion of the URL is resolved into an IP address using the global, distributed Internet database known as the domain name system , or DNS. This IP address is necessary to contact and send data packets to the Web server </li></ul><ul><li>The browser then requests the resource by sending an HTTP request to the Web server at that particular address </li></ul><ul><li>Having received the required files from the Web server, the browser then renders the page onto the screen as specified by its HTML, CSS , and other Web languages </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  19. 19. Role of IT in Science Communication
  20. 20. IT in science communication <ul><li>Open Source Initiative (OSI) </li></ul><ul><li>Human Genome Project </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) </li></ul><ul><li>National Science Digital Library (NSDL) </li></ul><ul><li>E-journals consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Internet and websites (search engines) </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Science Congress </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  21. 21. NSDL <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Provides comprehensive S&T information to students of science, engineering and technology in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Provides curriculum based content to address the information needs of the undergraduate students of science </li></ul><ul><li>Rigorous procedures to make available quality content for the students </li></ul><ul><li>Authored by eminent teachers and validated by renowned faculty in Indian universities and colleges </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  22. 22. E-journals consortium <ul><li> or link from </li></ul><ul><li>Agreements with worldwide renowned publishers for electronic access of their international journals </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to strengthen the pooling, sharing and electronically accessing the CSIR library resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to provide access to world S&T literature to CSIR labs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to nucleate the culture of electronic access resulting into evolution of digital libraries </li></ul></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  23. 23. What is Web 2.0 <ul><li>The term  Web 2.0  is associated with web applications that facilitate interactive  systemic biases ,  interoperability ,  user-centered design , and  developing  the  World Wide Web . </li></ul><ul><li>A Web 2.0 site allows users to interact and collaborate with each other in a social media  dialogue as consumers of  user-generated content  in a  virtual community , in contrast to websites where users ( prosumers ) are limited to the active viewing of  content  that they created and controlled. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Web 2.0 include  social networking sites ,  blogs ,  wikis ,  video sharing  sites,  hosted services ,  web applications ,  mashups  and  folksonomies . </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  24. 24. Participative web <ul><li>the possibility for developing more dialogic science communication practices has become much more realistic with the recent emergence of the participatory web, i.e., web platforms and services that aim to enhance user-driven content, easy and informal information sharing, and collaboration among users. </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  25. 25. <ul><li>Podcasting, image and movie content sharing services like Flickr and YouTube, social networking services like Facebook, wikis like Wikipedia, and not least blogging provide the means for a new flourishing of dialogic science communication. </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  26. 26. <ul><li>  what is happening on the internet these years under the label of ‘the participatory web’ promises to set qualitiatively new agendas for the way we understand and practice science communication.  </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘participatory web’ (‘web 2.0′) helps transforming science communication—from a traditional public understanding of science and passive public engagement with science, towards  more active public engagement practices , towards  public participation in science,  and even towards  public co-production of science . </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  27. 27. Wiki <ul><li>A  wiki  (  / ˈwɪki /   WIK-ee ) is a  website  that allows the creation and editing of any number of  interlinked   web pages  via a  web browser  using a simplified  markup language  or a  WYSIWYG text editor. </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  28. 28. Common Features of Wikis <ul><li>First, the pages can be edited without having access to the server and generally without knowing html or complex coding languages. </li></ul><ul><li>Second, wikis maintain a history of edits with time and date stamps and a record of which user made the edit. Wiki pages can typically be rolled back to previous versions using this history. </li></ul><ul><li>Third, there may be discussion pages around the page that is being edited for authors to develop their ideas and to discuss what should go on the main page. </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  29. 29. Wikipedia <ul><li>Wikipedia is a free, web-based, collaborative, multilingual encyclopedia project supported by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Its name is a portmanteau of the words wiki. </li></ul><ul><li>A simple indicator of Wikipedia’s popularity is that it almost always comes first in Google searches. Scientific content looms large on Wikipedia, probably because science communicators contribute most of the science articles. </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  30. 30. Blog <ul><li>A  blog  (a  blend  of the term  web log ) is a type of  website  or part of a  website . </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs are usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronological order. </li></ul><ul><li>Most blogs are interactive, allowing visitors to leave comments and even message each other via widgets on the blogs and it is this interactivity that distinguishes them from other static websites. </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  31. 31. <ul><li>Many scientists maintain blogs and read other scientists’ blogs. </li></ul><ul><li>Originally intention of Scientists when they started their blog was to communicate with the public either to report and explain their work or to explain scientific concepts in a clear way. </li></ul><ul><li>Other scientists use their blogs to keep track of ideas that are too small or not well-enough developed for journal articles. They also use their blogs in lieu of letters to the editor to respond to articles in the journal literature. </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  32. 32. Wordpress / Blogspot <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  33. 33. Video Sharing <ul><li>Multimedia attached with article </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>  More and more scientists, students and laypeople are putting science-related material on YouTube.  </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  34. 34. Twitter (microbloging) <ul><li>Microblogging is a combination of blogging and instant messaging that allows users to create a short message that is posted on their profile. Websites such as  Twitter  also allow these messages to be delivered on cell phones, which allows micro-blogging to provide a quick way to communicate with a group of people. </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter allows users to input 140 characters and this can be shared by following other users or by subscribing to the RSS feed either in a general aggregator or in a “social aggregator” such as FriendFeed.  </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  35. 35. Other tools <ul><li>Social Networking ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>RSS Feeds </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  36. 36. Assignments <ul><li>Visit, Search a page of your interest, edit it. </li></ul><ul><li>Visit OR, search science related blog </li></ul><ul><li>Create your blog and post one short scientific article as the first post. </li></ul><ul><li>Visit, search a video related with a scientific topic (try to use the browse  category  choose science and technology) </li></ul><ul><li>Visit </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  37. 37. Virtual classrooms <ul><li>Private online space teachers can use to support student learning </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible via the Internet, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week </li></ul><ul><li>Class activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group and individual learning activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussions and chats with students, parents and guests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quizzes and surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homework activities and assessment documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full online courses with modules of work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forums and synchronous chat sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WebQuests, Hotlists, Scavenger Hunts, etc. </li></ul></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  38. 38. Indian Science Congress <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To advance and promote the cause of Science in India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To hold an annual Congress at a suitable place in India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To publish such proceedings, journals, transactions and other publications as may be considered desirable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To secure and manage funds and endowments for the promotion of Science including the rights of disposing of, or selling all or any portion of the properties of the Association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To do and perform any or all other acts, matters and things as are conducive to, or incidental to, or necessary for, the above objective </li></ul></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  39. 39. <ul><li>Questions ???????????????? </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication
  40. 40. Thank you <ul><li>------ RAJEEV KUMAR --------- </li></ul><ul><li>--------------------- [email_address] </li></ul>Role of IT in Science Communication