24.3 (Political Divisions)

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24.3 (Political Divisions)

  1. 1. Essential Questions: Answers so far? <ul><li>Why did the United States fight in Vietnam? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the war like before the US got involved? How did we change it? </li></ul><ul><li>Left to answer: </li></ul><ul><li>How did the war change the United States? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the anti-war movement become so strong in the United States? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the criticisms of the war? Were they right? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the United States lose the war? </li></ul><ul><li>What lessons should we take from the experience? </li></ul>
  2. 2. America’s Anti-War Movement
  3. 3. Political Divisions Chapter 24 Section 3
  4. 4. Student Activism <ul><li>Growing generation gap </li></ul><ul><li>Students for a Democratic Society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The New Left” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teach-Ins </li></ul><ul><li>The Draft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selective Service Act (1951) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conscientious Objectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deferments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goin’ to Canda </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Growing Public Opposition <ul><li>1967- Def. Secretary McNamara began to urge Johnson to scale back war </li></ul><ul><li>TV coverage of Tet Offensive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ If I’ve lost Cronkite, I’ve lost Middle America.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>March 31, 1968- Johnson decides not to run for re-election </li></ul><ul><li>June 1968- Robert Kennedy Assasinated </li></ul><ul><li>August 1968- Chaos at Democratic Convention </li></ul>
  6. 6. US Public Opinion on War Shifts
  7. 7. Election of 1968 <ul><li>Democrat—Vice President Hubert Humphrey </li></ul><ul><li>Republican—Richard Nixon </li></ul><ul><li>American Independent Party—George Wallace </li></ul><ul><li>The Campaign: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humphrey’s difficulty distancing himself from Johnson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nixon as “law and order” candidate, secret plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wallace preyed on racism and fear of hippies </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Election of 1968 <ul><li>The Results </li></ul>42.7% 191 Humphrey (D) 12.9% 45 Wallace (AI) 43.4% 302 Nixon (R) Popular Vote Electoral Vote Candidate

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