Period 7 group 1


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Kings David and Saul

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Period 7 group 1

  1. 1. By: Adrienne Clymer, Grace Woodcock, Jess Wince, Jerry O’Connor, and Ryan O’Hara
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ In those days people did what was right in their own eyes.” </li></ul><ul><li>Need for a unified Israel arose when leadership became unstable and people began to lose sight of God’s message </li></ul><ul><li>Israelites had mixed feelings about the subject with the Judges denouncing idea supported by the majority, calling it a means of sewing “seeds of destruction.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Samuel was born to Hannah who, grateful for the gift of a child in her barren state, offers her son to God as a Nazarite </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel is raised by Eli at the shrine of Shiloh, and while residing there is called by God a total of four times during a single night </li></ul><ul><li>Only the final time does he attribute the voice to God, and only then does God reveal Samuel’s role as a prophet </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Israelites, still in search of a leader, demand that Samuel choose one </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel then becomes the “Anointer of Kings” to oblige the people </li></ul><ul><li>Saul is appointed by Samuel and is crowned King, uniting the many tribes into a unified Nation </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>When king, Saul wins a great victory for Israel against the Ammonites </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel then warns him and the people that the key to true success is faithfulness to God </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, Saul goes on to disobey God’s law two times </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Offers a sacrifice instead of waiting for Samuel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. After a battle, Saul takes the enemy king and the best livestock </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As spoils of war when he was suppose to destroy them for God </li></ul><ul><li>Because of Saul’s failure to follow God’s commandments and his inconsistency, Samuel declares that he will be rejected as king by God. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>God leads Samuel to Bethlehem, where he meets Jesse’s sons </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel chooses the youngest son, David, and secretly anoints him as king. David will not be publicly declared as king until later. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two biblical stories where Saul meets David </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David plays the harp for him to lighten his mood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>David prevails against the Philistine giant with just one sling shot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In both stories, Saul likes David and decides to keep him at court </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>David’s popularity caused Saul to become insecure and jealous, leading him to attempt to kill David. </li></ul><ul><li>Saul’s son, Jonathan, and his daughter, Michal (David’s wife), help David escape his murderous trap </li></ul><ul><li>David leaves the court as a fugitive, knowing that he is God’s true choice to be king </li></ul><ul><li>God is no longer with Saul, so all of his actions go wrong </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tries to kill David two more times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The people start to love David even more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saul’s children give their loyalty to David, and realizes he cannot prevent David from becoming king </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>David flees to the shrine at Nob, where he tells the priest that he is on an errand for Saul so he can get some food </li></ul><ul><li>The priest gives him both food and the sword of Goliath. Saul is outraged when he finds out and orders for the entire city of Nob to be destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>The only survivor is the priest’s son. David reveals his guilt to him, and the son offers him protection </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal to his people, David rescues an Israelite town from the Philistines </li></ul><ul><li>David, his followers, and troops flee to the desert, where David takes refuge in a cave </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Saul finds David in the cave but falls asleep </li></ul><ul><li>David had the opportunity to kill him, but cuts off a piece of his cloak and leaves him sleeping </li></ul><ul><li>When Saul awakes, David tells him he means know harm and shows Saul the piece of his cloak, explaining that he could have killed him but chose not to </li></ul><ul><li>Saul then realizes how righteous David is and that he deserves to be the king </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>David promise’s he will never harm Saul’s descendents even though Saul tries to destroy him </li></ul><ul><li>Despite David’s human failings, God still chose him to fulfill his works </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>David encounters a herdsman who hasn’t paid up and fights with him </li></ul><ul><li>He runs into the herdsman’s wife who tries to calm him down so he does not destroy anything </li></ul><ul><li>David ends up marrying her </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The Philistines offer David to stay with them </li></ul><ul><li>They end up distrusting him and send him and his troops back </li></ul><ul><li>Saul kills himself because he does not want to be captured by the Philistines </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>David is told of Saul’s death at the hands of a soldier </li></ul><ul><li>Saul had a soldier kill him to escape capture. </li></ul><ul><li>David puts the soldier who killed Saul to death </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Abner </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saul’s General of the North </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ishbaal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King of Northern Tribes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appointed by Abner </li></ul></ul><ul><li>David </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saul’s general of the South </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anointed king of southern tribes of Judah by Samuel </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>David becomes King of Israel at the age of 30 after Abner fails to have Ishbaal take over. </li></ul><ul><li>David defeats the Philistines </li></ul><ul><li>David takes over Jerusalem and makes it his capital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy City of Jews, Muslims, and Christians </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Murder and betrayal dot the beginnings of David’s reign </li></ul><ul><li>Abner is killed by Joab, a general of David </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenge because Abner killed Joabs brother </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ishbaal is killed by people trying to remove David’s competition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David puts killers to death </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>David dances and rejoices when the Ark is brought to Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Michal says he looks foolish </li></ul><ul><li>David didn’t care about who saw him dancing knowing that God is more important than others opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Michal and David never bear a child </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>David wishes to create a house for the Ark </li></ul><ul><li>Nathan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prophet who predicts David will have a royal dynasty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tells David not to build a house for the Ark, his dynasty will be the house </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ House” of David </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>David stays home from battle and has an affair with a married woman. </li></ul><ul><li>He doesn’t feel guilty, but when he finds out that Bathsheba is pregnant with his child, he worries that people will find out. </li></ul><ul><li>He covers up the affair by having her husband Ulriah, who is a soldier on the battlefront, slain by having his general place Ulriah where he will be killed in battle. </li></ul><ul><li>David then marries Bethsheba. </li></ul><ul><li>His sins show that he was not a perfect king and that he many flaws. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>With the help of Nathan the prophet, David confronts his sins. </li></ul><ul><li>Nathan tells David a parable that helps him recognize his sins, and he repents. </li></ul><ul><li>However, Nathan prophesizes that there will be much grief and trouble in David’s family. </li></ul><ul><li>The message of David’s sinful behavior is that God works through limited and sinful people, and that He brings about the divine purposes even through our flaws and weaknesses. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>David has many sons by various wives. </li></ul><ul><li>The family is wrecked by rivalries, incest, murders, and rebellions among the sons. </li></ul><ul><li>Amnon, David’s firstborn son and heir, is killed by his half brother, Absalom. </li></ul><ul><li>Absalom plots to take over the kingdom. He attracts followers, leaves Jerusalum, and declares himself king. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though Absalom betrayed him, David still loved him and made sure he was safe in battle. He mourns when he dies. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>David becomes king again and tries to reconcile the tribes </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of his reign, Israel is a strong nation. </li></ul><ul><li>David’s legacy- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Despite his flaws, David is viewed as a model king, specifically because of his devotion to God and his family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God’s promise to David that his royal line would endure forever brought hope to later Jews and was fulfilled by the coming of Jesus </li></ul></ul>