Period 8 group 1


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Kings Saul and David

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Period 8 group 1

  2. 2. Saul is Anointed <ul><li>Samuel is guided by God to find a king for the Israelites </li></ul><ul><li>He meets Saul, a farmworker, and anoints him king and presents him to tribes </li></ul><ul><li>The theme of Saul is that God chooses the lowliest and least. </li></ul>
  3. 3. An Unsuitable King <ul><li>Saul wins victory over Ammonites </li></ul><ul><li>Saul breaks faith with God </li></ul><ul><li>-disobeys God’s Law twice </li></ul><ul><li>-offers prebattle sacrifice </li></ul><ul><li>-fails to carry out ban </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel declares that Saul will now be rejected by God as King of Israel </li></ul>
  4. 4. Another Choice for King <ul><li>Samuel is led by God to search for another king </li></ul><ul><li> -God sends Samuel to Bethlehem where he meets Jesse’s sons </li></ul><ul><li>-he overlooks older sons and chooses the youngest, David </li></ul>
  5. 5. David and Goliath <ul><li>David armed by a slingshot defeats the Philistine giant </li></ul><ul><li>Saul finds him gifted and decides to keep him at court but he does not know that David has secretly been anointed by Samuel </li></ul>
  6. 6. Saul’s Jealousy of David <ul><li>Saul becomes jealous of David and tries to kill him </li></ul><ul><li>Saul’s children Jonathon and Michal help David escape </li></ul><ul><li>Jonathon and David is one of the greatest tales of friendship </li></ul><ul><li>God is no longer with Saul and everything he does goes wrong </li></ul><ul><li>When Saul tries to kill David twice, his spear misses </li></ul>
  7. 7. David Flees to the Shrine <ul><li>Priests gives him bread and the sword of Goliath </li></ul><ul><li>Saul finds out and orders the entire city of Nob to be destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>David rescues an Israelite town from Philistines </li></ul><ul><li>David could kill Saul at one point but doesn’t and Saul realizes how righteous David is </li></ul>
  8. 8. A Tragic End for Saul <ul><li>Israel’s battle goes as prophesied by a ghost of Samuel </li></ul><ul><li>Saul kills himself rather than being captured </li></ul>
  9. 9. At first, King of Judah <ul><li>Israel is now without a king, but has 2 rival leaders: David (in the north), and Saul’s general Abner (south) </li></ul><ul><li>Abner makes Saul’s eldest son Ishbaal, king over the northern tribes </li></ul><ul><li>David is publicly anointed king of the southern tribes of Judah </li></ul>
  10. 10. David Reign Begins… <ul><li>After much bloodshed, Abner and Ishbaal are dead </li></ul><ul><li>David mourns their death </li></ul><ul><li>Philistines force David into battle and he is victorious </li></ul>David captures Jerusalem, a Canaanite walled city, and makes it his capital
  11. 11. Jerusalem as Ideal <ul><li>David made Jerusalem his capital – it was ideally located in a territory between the northern and southern tribes. </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem would become a holy city for Jews, Christians, and Muslims in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>David brings the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem because it is a powerful symbol of God’s love. </li></ul>
  12. 12. David’s Devotion to God, Michal’s Fate <ul><li>There is no love in David and his wife Michal’s marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>Michal shows contempt for David when he enters the city dancing with joy in front of the Ark of the Covenant . </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Davidic Covenant <ul><li>The prophet Nathan tells David that God has a plan for him; God will build him a royal dynasty that will endure forever </li></ul><ul><li>David’s blood line endured for over 400 years before dropping into obscurity, </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewish people are still waiting for the Messiah - “anointed one” </li></ul><ul><li>Christians believe that Jesus was this Messiah. </li></ul>
  14. 14. David and Bathsheba <ul><li>David commits adultery with Bathsheba but feels no guilt. </li></ul><ul><li>She becomes pregnant and he tries to cover it up by sending her husband Uriah back from battle, but his plan fails, </li></ul><ul><li>David has Uriah killed in battle and marries Bathsheba. </li></ul>
  15. 15. David’s Flaws <ul><li>Lies and manipulates others to cover up his sin -results in murder </li></ul><ul><li>David’s lesson and repentance: after being told a parable, David recognizes his sin and repents </li></ul><ul><li>He realizes he is still subject to God and must follow the law </li></ul><ul><li>First son becomes sickly and dies </li></ul>
  16. 16. Chosen but Sinful <ul><li>Why did such an account of David’s weakness and sin find its way into the Bible? </li></ul><ul><li>Deuteronomists chose to make it clear that David is not above God’s law </li></ul><ul><li>He must repent and suffer for his sins </li></ul><ul><li>God works through limited and sinful persons </li></ul>
  17. 17. Rivalry and Treachery in Family <ul><li>King David has many sons with various wives. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First born named Amnon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heir to his throne </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amnon rapes his half sister Tamar and drives her away </li></ul><ul><li>Absalom, Tamar’s full brother, kills Amnon </li></ul><ul><li>Absalom runs away then returns to become new King </li></ul><ul><li>He rebels and names himself king </li></ul>
  18. 18. Rivalry &Treachery Cont’d … <ul><li>During Absalom’s rebellion a man named Mephibosheth, the grandson of King Saul, tries to take the throne away from David, even though he treated him like a son </li></ul><ul><li>During the battles against Absalom, David tells his soldiers not to kill him </li></ul><ul><li>Absalom is defeated and killed while trying to escape </li></ul><ul><li>David mourns him piteously </li></ul>
  19. 19. David’s Loyalty <ul><li>David’s loyalty to his family is so strong he refuses to punish Amnon for raping Tamar </li></ul><ul><li>-trusts Absalom to come back into his court after killing Amnon </li></ul><ul><li>-His devotion to his name seems to make him abandon good sense </li></ul>
  20. 20. Ending Years of David’s Reign <ul><li>David moves to reconcile the disgruntled tribes in the north and south </li></ul><ul><li>- refuses to punish Saul’s family </li></ul><ul><li>- David is enthroned and the kingdom is restored to a semblance of power </li></ul><ul><li>- David worn out: his judgment is not always fair, has bias toward his favorites </li></ul><ul><li>-this is bound to fuel resentments and rivalries in the future </li></ul>