Period 7 group 4


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The Exile

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Period 7 group 4

  1. 1. CHAPTER 8: THE EXILE<br />Mike Baratta, Jess Bellia, John Blaisse, Emily Boylan, Rose Corcoran, Amanda Giuffrida, Michelle Walsh<br />
  2. 2. Judah Heading for disaster<br />Jews abandon God<br />Build pagan shrines<br />Josiah emerges to reform…<br />
  3. 3. Josiah<br />Finds an old copy of the Book of the Law<br />Reforms Judah by following the book<br />Josiah’s son Jehoiakim undoes his changes<br />Legacy<br />Deuteronomists and pre-Exile prophets wanted to continue reform<br />
  4. 4. “The Remnant”<br />God will punish the unfaithful<br />Impoverished, humble, and lowly people will become the “remnant,” a new chosen group from whom God will build the new Israel <br />
  5. 5. Jeremiah: A Reluctant Prophet<br />God calls Jeremiah at the age of 20<br />He feels he is too young but he trusts God<br />Preaches to the falsely secure Judahites<br />Communicates God’s message through a life of struggle<br />His message is rejected<br />Persecuted by others despite his attempts to help them<br />
  6. 6. Jeremiah’s Visions<br />Almond Tree<br />Almond tree was often called a “watching tree”<br />Symbolized that God was watching the Jews to see if they changed<br />Boiling Cauldron<br />Boiling pot of water tipped onto a fireplace<br />Symbolized that god will “extinguish” Judah if it doesn’t change<br />
  7. 7. Jeremiah’s Warnings<br />God will give Judah and Jerusalem the punishments they deserve<br />The Temple is a “den of robbers”<br />God won’t even be present in the Temple if Jews don’t change their ways<br />Jeremiah’s warnings are rejected and the people punish him<br />
  8. 8. Jeremiah’s Inner Struggle<br />Feels tricked by God into a life of persecution<br />Upset with God but realizes that the Lord is with him<br />His suffering brings him a close relationship with God<br />Faithfulness is never easy<br />
  9. 9. The First Exile<br />Babylon attacks Jerusalem and some Judahites are forced into Exile<br />Jeremiah tells the exiles to go willingly and make the most of the situation<br />The new king Zedekiah wants to listen to Jeremiah and be saved by God<br />TTYL<br />
  10. 10. The New Covenant<br />The only way Judah can repent is by being exiled<br />When they return, God forms a new covenant with them<br />The covenant is written on their hearts, not on stone tablets<br />God forgets their sin and forgives their evil<br />Turning point for Israel that gives hope for a new relationship with God<br />
  11. 11. The Second Exile<br />Babylonians return to Jerusalem and destroy the Temple<br />King Zedekiah is captured and taken away<br />Jeremiah tells the Judahites to stay put and surrender, but they disobey<br />Jeremiah flees with the people to Egypt<br />Jeremiah disappears and is believed to have been murdered<br />
  12. 12. Ezekiel<br />Prophet in Jerusalem before the Exile<br />Told Israelites that God’s patience was almost up<br />Spoke with a strong passion that made some think he was possessed<br />Used many examples to show the people that they needed to realize God was mad with them and that they would soon be exiled<br />
  13. 13. The Vision of the Dry Bones<br />Exiles complain that they feel lifeless<br />Ezekiel has a vision of dry bones, in which God tells him to bring flesh back to them and then fill them with life<br />The dry bones returning to a living animal represents the exiles soon returning to God’s love and life<br />
  14. 14. Second Isaiah<br />Prophet who wrote part of the Book of Isaiah<br />Had challenge of raising the hopes of the exiles for the day when they would return to Jerusalem<br />Most original exiles were dead and only a few Jews returned to Judah and Jerusalem after the Exile<br />Chapters in Second Isaiah are full of excitement for the return to Jerusalem and the Messiah<br />
  15. 15. The Suffering Servant<br />Mysterious man who is innocent yet suffers greatly<br />Punished to save others from their sins<br />4 Songs of the Suffering Servant<br />1st song – Chosen one sent to bring justice<br />2nd song – Prophet called to restore Israel<br />3rd song – Servant is beaten but endures his abuse<br />4th song – Servant will pardon the sins of many<br />
  16. 16. The Tenderness of God<br />God responds to Jerusalem’s complaints with a beautiful passage<br />God is a woman in labor trying to bring forth Israel as a “reborn nation”<br />Second Isaiah ends with a hymn in which God promises peace to the hope-filled exiles<br />
  17. 17. The Fruits of Exile<br />Prophets guide Israel through its purification<br />With few Jews returning to Jerusalem after the Exile, it was clear that Judaism was no longer tied to one region and that it had become a portable religion<br />
  18. 18. Feminine Images of God<br />God is referred to as a “father,” but he is pure spirit and is neither male nor female<br />Men and women are created equally in God’s image<br />Isaiah’s image of God as mother reminds us of God’s intimate care<br />
  19. 19. Journal #15 1/21/11<br />Jeremiah’s preaching was often rejected and despised by his fellow Jews, despite the fact that it was the truth that the people needed to hear. Write about a time when you felt as though your voice wasn’t being heard, even though it should have been.<br />