Ch 15 sec 1

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Ch 15 sec 1

  1. 1. • • • • Bounty Conscription Commissions Rifling
  2. 2. The Civil War
  3. 3. Other names for the civil war • • • • • • • War Between the States War of the Rebellion War Against Slavery War for Abolition War for the Union War for Southern Independence War of Secession
  4. 4. • • • • • • • • • • War for Southern Rights War Against Northern Aggression The Lost Cause War for Constitutional Liberty Second American Revolution War for States’ Rights Mr. Lincoln’s War The Southern Rebellion War of the Southern Planters Second War for Independence
  5. 5. • • • • • • • • • • • War to Suppress Yankee Arrogance The Brothers’ War The Great Rebellion War for Southern nationality The Yankee Invasion War for Separation The Confederate War The War of the Southrons War for Southern Freedom War of the North and South The Late Unpleasantness
  6. 6. Filling the ranks • In the beginning, there were enough volunteers to fill the army • States paid a bounty (large bonus) to those who joined
  7. 7. • Congress had to practice conscription. begin drafting men to fill the ranks
  8. 8. • You could pay $300 to get out of the draft or you could hire a substitute if your name was called • Immigrants often substituted to earn money
  9. 9. New York Draft Riot • Irish immigrants felt the draft was unfair and started a riot • Lasted 4 days • Vented anger on local blacks • 128 people killed
  10. 10. • The South had the Twenty Negro Law – Anyone with 20 slaves or more was exempt from the draft
  11. 11. Preparing Civilians
  12. 12. In the North • Women entered the work force – Factories produced war materials
  13. 13. • Farm production became more mechanized – Fewer people were needed to grow crops so they were free to fight
  14. 14. • Commissions were used. – They were private volunteer groups – Helped provide medicine and other reading material for soldiers
  15. 15. In the South • The factories were also producing war materials, but could not produce enough • The South didn’t have a good transportation system for moving these goods
  16. 16. • The farmers and plantation owners joined the army, leaving the women to manage the farms
  17. 17. Civil War Innovations • Railroads were used to move soldiers
  18. 18. • The cavalry was used as the eyes and ears of the armies
  19. 19. • Manned balloons were used to report on enemy movements
  20. 20. • The telegraph was used to communicate
  21. 21. • Rifling (making small spiral grooves in the barrels of guns and cannons) was used
  22. 22. • Ironclad warships were used – Confederates had the Merrimac – Union had the Monitor
  23. 23. • Photography allowed us to see the destruction of the civil war • Mathew Brady formed a team of photographers and followed troops
  24. 24. Mathew Brady

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