Avant-garde art: the
aesthetics of
anguish, modernism and social
utopia
First part
MA Rosa M. Brito
Fauvism: the desire for expression
Fauvism: "revolt against all"

General characteristics:
 Independent and arbitrary
col...
http://www.youtube.com/w
atch?v=qlnBcaZEGb0

“There is nothing more difficult for a truly creative painter than to paint a...
Fauvism
No classical harmony
because the stridency of
color
The light usually
disappears, there is no
depth

 The theme...
André Derain (1880-1954)
Collioure Mountains, 1905.

Matisse portrait of André Derain, 1905
The Turning Road, L'Estaque - ...
Fauvismo, Henry Matisse
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXV8BBUuT8c
Expressionism: the dark side of emotion
• Expressionist movement originated in
Germany and Austria
•Sigmund Freud: theorie...
• Expressionism develops in all the arts, for example:

 cinematography (Fritz Lang)
Metropolis, 1927

1915

 literature...
The Bridge
1905
Influenced by Fauvism

The Blue Rider
1912

Pessimism about the human
condition in general

Pessimism abou...
Ernst Kirchner (1880-1938) representative of The Bridge

Bathers at Moritzburg, 1908

What characteristics can you find fr...
Edvard Munch (1863-1944) from The Blue Rider

The sick child, 1907

The Scream, 1893

What characteristics of the Blue Rid...
Kathe Kollwitz (1867-1945), German-jewish expressionist
artist who used her works to protest Nazism andJewish
exterminatio...
“Nosferatu y El gabinete del Dr.
Caligari, fueron filmes remarcables por
muchos aspectos. Uno de los mismos es
que refleja...
Activity
• Analyze the characteristics of your face and draw it in
your notebook in a fauvist style. Add some expressionis...
Cubism: the desire to escape
Paul Cézanne: post-impresionista
painter:“Treat nature by means of the

cylinder, the sphere,...
Analytical cubism, origens: Picasso, Braque and Gris

Pablo Picasso, Las Señoritas de Avignon, 1907

Georges Braque, El Po...
Synthetic cubism: papier collé
Juan Gris. Botella de Anís del Mono (1914) Museo Nacional Centro
Reina Sofía, Madrid.)
«A p...
Life Magazine, 1949

Behind the picture. Picasso
draws with light
http://life.time.com/culture/pablopicasso-draws-with-lig...
Las 1000 caras de Picasso
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Xb78jOduA U
Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973

Self- portrait «Yo», 1901

Self-portrait with
Uncombed Hair (1896)

Woman with a cigarette, 1901...
Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973

Harlequin family, 1905

Self portrait, 1907

Family of Saltimbanques, 1905

Bather, 1909

Compos...
Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973

Three Musicians, 1921

Mother and son, 1938
Weeping, 1937

Woman sitting in an arm
chair, 1941

...
Pablo Picasso, 1881-1971

Mother with dead child, 1937
MA Rosa M. Brito
Activity: Analyze this Picasso´s work of art: Guernica, 1937
• Triangle, use as an organizational form in the Renaissance ...
Guernica, Vancouver Film School
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4drJL-pRTko
Cubism expressed in sculpture art

•The sculpture is not from a homogeneous block of stone or
marble
•Gaps and voids betwe...
Las
Meninas, Vel
ázquez, 165
3

Las Meninas, Picasso, 1957
Futurism: dematerialization
• Representation of
dynamic effect of an
element in movement
• Technique:
multiplication of th...
Eadweard J. Muybridge, English photographer (1830-1904)
Pioneer of animation and cinematography

Muybridge, by Adam Pellin...
Futurismo, Balla y Buccioni
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WWElKGFNFR8
• The Futurist movement emerged in Italy.
• In 1909, the celebrated poet Marinetti published a manifesto
declaring the tri...
Loie Fuller (1862-1928), pioneer
of modern dance, was the first
one to use the technology of the
times at the service of d...
Referencias y Bibliografía:
Connect with the Art Masters :: Avatar Arts. (n.d.). Avatar Arts. Retrieved February 17, 2011,...
Micheli, M. d. (1967). Las vanguardias artisticas del siglo XX . (La Habana: Ed. Unio̕n).
Namuth, H. (n.d.).SFMOMA | Expl...
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First part, avant garde art, the aesthetics of anguish, modernism and social utopia, 1900-1945

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Avant-garde art movements of the period of wars, first decades of the 20th Century: fauvism, expressionism, cubism and futurism

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First part, avant garde art, the aesthetics of anguish, modernism and social utopia, 1900-1945

  1. 1. Avant-garde art: the aesthetics of anguish, modernism and social utopia First part MA Rosa M. Brito
  2. 2. Fauvism: the desire for expression Fauvism: "revolt against all" General characteristics:  Independent and arbitrary colors when using unreal colors (Van Gogh and Gauguin)  The drawing is done with the thick line of color. Woman with a hat, 1905 MA Rosa M. Brito
  3. 3. http://www.youtube.com/w atch?v=qlnBcaZEGb0 “There is nothing more difficult for a truly creative painter than to paint a rose, because before he can do so he has first to forget all the roses that were ever painted”. - Henri Matisse (1869-1954)
  4. 4. Fauvism No classical harmony because the stridency of color The light usually disappears, there is no depth  The themes are very similar to the Impressionist themes : landscapes, still life, human figures in rooms Madam Matisse, 1905 MA Rosa M. Brito
  5. 5. André Derain (1880-1954) Collioure Mountains, 1905. Matisse portrait of André Derain, 1905 The Turning Road, L'Estaque - 1906 MA Rosa M. Brito
  6. 6. Fauvismo, Henry Matisse http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXV8BBUuT8c
  7. 7. Expressionism: the dark side of emotion • Expressionist movement originated in Germany and Austria •Sigmund Freud: theories on the role of the unconscious, dreams´ meaning and practice of psychoanalysis. • General Characteristics: • Great creative diversity and individualism Lovis Corinth, Ecce Homo, 1925 • Plastic characteristics: subjective expression, violent application of colors (influenced by the Fauves), the morbid theme, the forbidden, the fantastic. MA Rosa M. Brito
  8. 8. • Expressionism develops in all the arts, for example:  cinematography (Fritz Lang) Metropolis, 1927 1915  literature (Kafka),  dance (Mary Wigman) MA Rosa M. Brito
  9. 9. The Bridge 1905 Influenced by Fauvism The Blue Rider 1912 Pessimism about the human condition in general Pessimism about the human condition in general Contact with nature and a return to simplicity Captures the spiritual essence of reality Creation in harmony with nature Creation in search of inner beauty Some style unity Individualism MA Rosa M. Brito
  10. 10. Ernst Kirchner (1880-1938) representative of The Bridge Bathers at Moritzburg, 1908 What characteristics can you find from The Bridge movement in this painting? MA Rosa M. Brito
  11. 11. Edvard Munch (1863-1944) from The Blue Rider The sick child, 1907 The Scream, 1893 What characteristics of the Blue Rider movement do you find in this painting? MA Rosa M. Brit o
  12. 12. Kathe Kollwitz (1867-1945), German-jewish expressionist artist who used her works to protest Nazism andJewish extermination MA Rosa M. Brito
  13. 13. “Nosferatu y El gabinete del Dr. Caligari, fueron filmes remarcables por muchos aspectos. Uno de los mismos es que reflejaron el mórbido período que enfrentó Alemania luego del humillante Tratado de Versalles, que puso fin a la Gran Guerra Europea. “ CINEFANIA Stated by CINEFANIA, both films were very important because they reflected the moral issue confronted by Germany after the Versailles Treaty The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari de 1919 “La crisis económica exasperante y las dificultades sociales, moneda corriente por aquellos años, promovieron uno de los ambientes más lúgubres y oscuros, y tuvieron contrapartida en un movimiento artístico denominado Expresionismo,” CINEFANIA Economic and social crises motivated a gloomy atmosphere in Germany, reflected in its art. Nosferatu, 1922
  14. 14. Activity • Analyze the characteristics of your face and draw it in your notebook in a fauvist style. Add some expressionist touch by giving emotional charge to your gesture. • It is suggested not to draw with pencil or pen, but to use the color pencils directly, with a strong application of color. Be bold! The characteristics of Fauvism are: a) Independence of color, bicolor and multicolor faces b) The drawing is done with the thick line of color. This line is so independent that can change color over its definition c) No classical harmony because of the stridency of color and the use of contrasting colors MA Rosa M. Brito
  15. 15. Cubism: the desire to escape Paul Cézanne: post-impresionista painter:“Treat nature by means of the cylinder, the sphere, the cone, everything” brought into proper perspective “ (Connect with the Art Masters) Cézanne, Chateau Noir, 1900-04 General characteristics: • Analysis and decomposition of form • “The artist will show all sides of a threedimensional form on a flat surface” (La Ciencia del Arte) Juan Gris, Guitar over the table, 1913 • Cubists juxtapose shapes that affect each other resulting in different and new shapes. MA Rosa M. Brito
  16. 16. Analytical cubism, origens: Picasso, Braque and Gris Pablo Picasso, Las Señoritas de Avignon, 1907 Georges Braque, El Portugués, 1911 Juan Gris, Guitarra ante el mar, 1925 MA Rosa M. Brito
  17. 17. Synthetic cubism: papier collé Juan Gris. Botella de Anís del Mono (1914) Museo Nacional Centro Reina Sofía, Madrid.) «A partir de 1912, se empieza a gestar el cubismo sintético. En esta fase, el objeto ya no se descompone, sino que se resume o sintetiza en sus aspectos más esenciales…. Para ayudarse a formar la visión sintética de los objetos, se valieron de la aplicación del collage (papeles u otros materiales pegados al cuadro). Para algunos historiadores, el collage fue la mayor aportación que hizo el cubismo» (Lourdes Cirlot, Las claves de las vanguardias artísticas en el siglo XX). Lourdes Cirlot states that in synthetic cubism the object is not decomposed but summarized and synthesized in its essence. To do this, artist used collage, which it was one of the major contributions of Cubism to art. Pablo Picasso, Still Life with bowl and Fruit Paris, winter 1912 Charcoal, black chalk, watercolor, oil paint, coarse charcoal or black pigment in binding medium, on newspaper (Le Journal, 6 and 9 December 1912), blue and white laid charcoal papers, supported by thin cardboard 64 x 49.5 cm Philadelphia Museum of Art
  18. 18. Life Magazine, 1949 Behind the picture. Picasso draws with light http://life.time.com/culture/pablopicasso-draws-with-light-1949/#1 "It took me four years to paint like Raphael, but a lifetime to paint like a child." Pablo Picasso http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JU9oaD0e7uU
  19. 19. Las 1000 caras de Picasso http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Xb78jOduA U
  20. 20. Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973 Self- portrait «Yo», 1901 Self-portrait with Uncombed Hair (1896) Woman with a cigarette, 1901 Boulevard de Clichy (1901) La mort de Casagemas (1899-1900 The tragedy, 1903 Self-portrait, Paris, late 1901 La vie, 1903
  21. 21. Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973 Harlequin family, 1905 Self portrait, 1907 Family of Saltimbanques, 1905 Bather, 1909 Composition: The Peasants, 1906 Portrait of Wilhelm Uhde 1910 Self portrait with palette, 1906 Glass and Bottle of Suze,1912
  22. 22. Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973 Three Musicians, 1921 Mother and son, 1938 Weeping, 1937 Woman sitting in an arm chair, 1941 Rembrandtesque Figure and Cupid , 1969 Self-portrait, 1972
  23. 23. Pablo Picasso, 1881-1971 Mother with dead child, 1937 MA Rosa M. Brito
  24. 24. Activity: Analyze this Picasso´s work of art: Guernica, 1937 • Triangle, use as an organizational form in the Renaissance art • A woman who fell from the roof of a burning building • A horse with a stick on his back neighing of terror • A head with eyes open and one arm outstretched, his hand reaching for something •A woman holding a dead child, watching over her head the dropping bombs from airplanes. • The bull, icon of the Spanish culture MA Rosa M. Brito
  25. 25. Guernica, Vancouver Film School http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4drJL-pRTko
  26. 26. Cubism expressed in sculpture art •The sculpture is not from a homogeneous block of stone or marble •Gaps and voids between the surfaces •“Absence of mass" Archipenko, Silhouette, 1913 Lipchitz, Reclining Nude with Guitar, 1928 MA Rosa M. Brito
  27. 27. Las Meninas, Vel ázquez, 165 3 Las Meninas, Picasso, 1957
  28. 28. Futurism: dematerialization • Representation of dynamic effect of an element in movement • Technique: multiplication of the positions of a shape or form • Influence by the rising cinema and cubism. Giacomo Balla, Girl running on a balcony, 1912 MA Rosa M. Brito
  29. 29. Eadweard J. Muybridge, English photographer (1830-1904) Pioneer of animation and cinematography Muybridge, by Adam Pellin Deeve The horse in motion, 1878 http://vimeo.com/375773 Auguste and Louis Lumière, French earliest filmmakers, (1862-1954, 1864 -1948) In 1892 they started to work with images in motion. They invented the camera-projector, “cinèmatographe” (1894) Workers leaving the Lumière factiry, 1895, primer trabajo de los Hermanos Lumiere http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xxLGDF_121U&feature=related MA Rosa M. Brito
  30. 30. Futurismo, Balla y Buccioni http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WWElKGFNFR8
  31. 31. • The Futurist movement emerged in Italy. • In 1909, the celebrated poet Marinetti published a manifesto declaring the triumph of speed in painting as a symbol of the conquest of civilization. •Marinetti´s manifesto promulgates the pride and colonial expansion, anti-clericalism, the cult of sport and heroism in the between-wars-period Italy These ideas later served to boost, during the Second World War, the fascist movement. MA Rosa M. Brito
  32. 32. Loie Fuller (1862-1928), pioneer of modern dance, was the first one to use the technology of the times at the service of dance. Danse Serpentine, by Loie Fuller, filmed by Lumiére http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNZ4 WCFJGPc&feature=related MA Rosa M. Brito
  33. 33. Referencias y Bibliografía: Connect with the Art Masters :: Avatar Arts. (n.d.). Avatar Arts. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://avatarstudioarts.com/connect-with-theart-masters/ André Derain (1880-1954), por Image & Art. (n.d.). Image & Art Tutoriales Historia del Diseà o Gráfico, Arte, BiografÃ-as Pintores, Artistas Plásticos, MorfologÃ-a, TipografÃ-a, Seà alética . Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://www.imageandart.com/tutoriales/biografias/derain/derain.html Cinematismo » Blog Archive » Expresionismo Alemán. (n.d.). Cinematismo . Retrieved February 26, 2011, from http://www.cinematismo.com/expresionismo-aleman/expresionismo-aleman/ Cirlot, L. (1990). The key to modern art of the early 20th century . Minneapolis: Lerner Publications. Cirlot, L. (1991). Las claves de las vanguardias artiÌ•sticas en el siglo XX (2. ed.). Barcelona: Planeta. Cubismo (acercArte). (n.d.). RedEscolar - Portal Educativo. Retrieved February 18, 2011, from http://redescolar.ilce.edu.mx/proyectos/acercarte/veinte_oto09/veinte5/carexp04a.htm El Futurismo. (n.d.). ccäpitalia.net [arte, tecnologÃ-a e innovación]. Retrieved February 26, 2011, from http://www.ccapitalia.net/macchina/futurismo.htm Expresionismo alemán - SpanishArts. (n.d.). SPANISH ARTS - ARTE ESPAÑOL. Retrieved February 26, 2011, from http://www.spanisharts.com/history/del_impres_s.XX/arte_sXX/vanguardias1/expresionismoaleman.html Futurismo. (n.d.). ARTE EN ESPAÑA. Retrieved February 26, 2011, from http://www.arteespana.com/futurismo.htm Juan Gris - SpanishArts. (n.d.). SPANISH ARTS - ARTE ESPAÑOL. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://www.spanisharts.com/history/del_impres_s.XX/arte_sXX/vanguardias1/cubismo_gris.html La ciencia del arte: la óptica en el ... - Google Libros. (n.d.). Google Books. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://books.google.com/books?id=olbR5XSeax8C&pg=PA362&lpg=PA362&dq=El+artista+mostrar%C3%A1+todos+los+lados+de+una+f orma+tridimensional+en+una+superficie+plana&source=bl&ots=T_bolzAhMW&sig=jvw68oibufg56vg_umZhXHiSsTw&hl=es&ei=vmFd TYjFM4XSsAPD4tXxCg&sa=X& Matisse: Life and Painting. (n.d.). Matisse: Life and Painting. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://www.henri-matisse.net/
  34. 34. Micheli, M. d. (1967). Las vanguardias artisticas del siglo XX . (La Habana: Ed. Unio̕n). Namuth, H. (n.d.).SFMOMA | Explore Modern Art | Multimedia | San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA). Retrieved March 22, 2011, from http://www.sfmoma.org/multimedia/videos/250 Pablo Picasso. (n.d.). Mark Harden's Artchive. Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://www.artchive.com/artchive/P/picasso.html Poletti, F. (2006). El siglo XX: vanguardias : [las palabras clave, los lugares, los protagonistas]. Barcelona: :. angelicalubian. (n.d.). YouTube - Nosferatu 1922- F. W. Murnau YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved February 27, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1djGyCj1vCk artehistoriacom. (n.d.). YouTube - Guernica - Vancouver Film School (VFS) YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved February 26, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4drJL-pRTko giulianopietra. (n.d.). YouTube - Futurismo YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved February 26, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WWElKGFNFR8 ichiparanoid. (n.d.). YouTube - las 1000 caras de Picasso YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Xb78jOduAU openflix. (n.d.). YouTube - Cabinet der Dr. Caligari YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved February 27, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNDaifCMAdI telemadrid. (n.d.). YouTube - Henri Matisse - Fauvism - La Poesia Del Colore Puro YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved February 17, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXV8BBUuT8c wTTwZZ. (n.d.). YouTube - Loie Fuller - Danse Serpentine by Lumià re Brother YouTube 26, 2011, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNZ4WCFJGPc&feature=related APA formatting by BibMe.org. - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved February

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