Art from 1850 to 1900

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Later 19th century art

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Art from 1850 to 1900

  1. 1. The 19 th Century 1800 – 1900 (1850 to 1930)‏
  2. 2. Eugene Delacroix Liberty leading the People ; Painted on 28 July 1830,
  3. 3. Chronology <ul><li>1832 Samuel Morse invents the telegraph </li></ul><ul><li>1848 The Californian gold rush </li></ul><ul><li>1859 The publication of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species </li></ul><ul><li>1861 The outbreak of the American Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>1861 The serfs freed in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>1864 Henri Dunant founds the Red Cross </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1869 The Sues Canal is opened 1874 The first Impressionist exhibition is held in Paris 1885 Karl Benz builds the first motor car 1895 Marconi transmits the first wireless signal 1903 The Wright brothers make the first flight in an aircraft 1904 The Russo-Japanese War 1929 Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin
  5. 5. Overview of 19 th Century Art <ul><li>Neoclassical - 1750’s to 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>Romanticism – 1800’s to 1850’s </li></ul><ul><li>Realism – 1840’s to Late 1800’s </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Raphaelites- 1848 </li></ul><ul><li>Impressionism – 1870’s to 1890’s </li></ul><ul><li>Post Impressionism – 1880’s to early 1900’s </li></ul><ul><li>Neo-impressionism 1886 - 1906 </li></ul><ul><li>Fauvism - 1905 </li></ul><ul><li>Cubism – 1907 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Thomas Sully Queen Victoria, 1838
  7. 7. Queen Victoria’s Movements
  8. 9. Lord Leighton Oh for the Wings of a Dove
  9. 10. My House on the Thames, 2005
  10. 11. Joseph Wright The Vacuum Pump
  11. 12. Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood <ul><li>1848 </li></ul><ul><li>Main artists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Holman Hunt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Everett Millais </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dante Gabriel Rossetti </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William Morris </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of their work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great attention to detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bright colours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>noble </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moralizing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of their movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seriousness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sincerity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Truth to nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intent to raise the standard of British art </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. John Everett Millais Ophelia
  13. 14. Dante Gabriel Rossetti Lady Lilith, 1867
  14. 15. Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones The Love Song 1868–?1873
  15. 16. William Morris Length of printed cotton, 19th–20th century
  16. 17. William Morris &quot;Pink and Rose&quot; wallpaper design, ca. 1890
  17. 18. Biba
  18. 19. Antoine Wiertz Buried Alive, 1854
  19. 20. <ul><li>Pierre-Étienne-Théodore Rousseau </li></ul><ul><li>The Edge of the Woods at Monts-Girard, 1854 </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Charles-François Daubigny On the Banks of the Oise, 1864 </li></ul>
  21. 22. Impressionists 1874 <ul><li>Characteristics of their work: </li></ul><ul><li>Short, broken brushstrokes </li></ul><ul><li>Pure unblended colours </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the effects of light. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern subject matter </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of the movement: </li></ul><ul><li>Embraced modern life </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporated new technology and ideas of the time </li></ul><ul><li>Rejected the established styles of the Academy </li></ul><ul><li>New clientele </li></ul><ul><li>Monet </li></ul><ul><li>Pissarro </li></ul><ul><li>Claude Monet </li></ul><ul><li>Edgar Degas </li></ul><ul><li>Pierre-Auguste Renoir </li></ul><ul><li>Berthe Morisot </li></ul><ul><li>Alfred Sisley </li></ul><ul><li>Camille Pissarro </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Cassatt </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>Claude Monet </li></ul><ul><li>La Grenouillère, 1869 </li></ul>
  23. 24. James Whistler The Peacock Room, 1876
  24. 25. <ul><li>Alfred Sisley </li></ul><ul><li>Allée of Chestnut Trees </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Kano Sansetsu </li></ul><ul><li>The Old Plum Edo period (1615–1868), ca. 1645 </li></ul>
  26. 27. Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas Dancers Practicing at the Bar 1877
  27. 28. <ul><li>Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas </li></ul><ul><li>Dancers in the Rehearsal Room with a Double Bass, 1882–85 </li></ul>
  28. 29. Mary Cassatt Mother and Child (The Oval Mirror), ca. 1889
  29. 30. Kitagawa Utamaro Midnight: The Hours of the Rat; Mother and Sleepy Child Edo period (1615–1868), ca. 1790
  30. 31. Mary Cassatt Maternal Caress 1891 Dry point and soft-ground etching, third state, printed in colour
  31. 32. Mary Cassatt Mother Playing with Child, ca. 1897
  32. 33. <ul><li>Édouard Manet </li></ul><ul><li>Boating , 1874 </li></ul>
  33. 34. Post Impressionism Late 1880’s <ul><li>Main artists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paul Gauguin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georges Seurat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vincent van Gogh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paul Cezanne </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of their work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplified colours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Definitive forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract tendencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of the movement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breaking free from naturalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expressing emotions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Themes of deeper symbolism </li></ul></ul>
  34. 35. Vincent Van Gogh Portrait de Le Artist sans Barbe, 1889
  35. 36. Paul Gauguin Nave Nave Moe, 1894
  36. 37. Maurice Denis Spring Landscape with Figures, 1897
  37. 38. Pierre Bonnard Interieur, 1913
  38. 39. Toshusai Sharaku Otani Oniji II 1794
  39. 40. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Moulin Rouge - La Goulue, 1891
  40. 41. Neo-Impressionists 1886 to 1906 <ul><li>Main artists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Georges Seurat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paul Signac </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximilien Luce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Henri-Edmond Cross </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of their work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Placing dabs of pure colour adjacent to one another </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of the movement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>renounced the random spontaneity of Impressionism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Favoured more measured technique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced by scientific studies of the time </li></ul></ul>
  41. 42. Georges Seurat Les Poseuses, 1887
  42. 43. <ul><li>Georges Seurat </li></ul><ul><li>Study for A Sunday on La Grande Jatte , 1884–85 </li></ul>
  43. 44. Paul Signac Grand Canal, Venice, 1905
  44. 45. Fauvism Early 1900’s <ul><li>Main artists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henri Matisse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>André Derain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maurice de Vlaminck </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georges Braque </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raoul Dufy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of their work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bold undisguised brushstrokes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-key vibrant colour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used coloured planes to define space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of the movement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Avant-garde movement to flourish in France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First to break with Impressionism and with traditional methods of perception </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subjective response to nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reject traditional three-dimensional space </li></ul></ul>
  45. 46. Henri Matisse Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris Luxe, calme et volupté, 1904–5
  46. 47. Henri Matisse The Young Sailor II, Summer–Winter 1906
  47. 48. Henri Matisse San Francisco Museum of Art Woman with a Hat, autumn 1905
  48. 49. Rescan Andre Derain La Tamise et Tower Bridge, 1906
  49. 50. Cubism <ul><li>Main Artists: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pablo Picasso </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Georges Braque </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paul Cezanne </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juan Gris </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of the work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat planes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple viewpoints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No aerial perspective, but multiple vanishing points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the 2dimensionality of the canvas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced objects into fractured forms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects were discernable early on and were further dissected in later years. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of the Movement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rejected the doctrine that they should copy nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rejected traditional perspective techniques </li></ul></ul>
  50. 51. Paul Cezanne Still Life with Apples, 1893
  51. 52. Georges Braque Verre et as de Trefle, 1917
  52. 53. <ul><li>Pablo Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, 1907 </li></ul>
  53. 54. <ul><li>Pablo Picasso Girl Reading at a Table, 1934 </li></ul>Juan Gris Violin and Playing Cards, 1913
  54. 55. Marcel Duchamp Nude Descending a Staircase (No. 2), 1912
  55. 56. Once again….. The End for now……….
  56. 58. Expressionism
  57. 59. Edvard Munch The Scream, 1893
  58. 60. Edvard Munch Madonna, 1893
  59. 61. Mikhail Vrubel Lilacs, 1900
  60. 62. Henri Rousseau The Merry Jesters, 1906
  61. 63. Wassily Kandinsky Couple Riding a Horse 1907
  62. 64. Gustav Klimt The Kiss, 1907
  63. 65. Egon Schiele Liegender Halbakt mit Rolem, 1910
  64. 66. Amedeo Modigliani Beatrice Hastings Assise, 1915
  65. 67. Theo Van Doesburg Vetrata Konpositie V in Lood, 1918
  66. 68. Paul Klee Moonshine, 1919
  67. 69. Wassily Kandinsky Ship and Red Sun, 1925
  68. 70. Joseph Sima Midday, 1928
  69. 71. Surrealism
  70. 72. Giorgio de Chirico The Song of Love, 1914
  71. 73. Rene Margritte Untitled, 1926
  72. 74. Salvador Dali An Average Atmospherocephalic, 1933 The Enigma of Desire, 1929
  73. 75. 1914 Henry Ford begins mass production of the Model ‘T’ Ford car 1914 Outbreak of World War I 1917 Start of the Russian Revolution 1918 End of World War I 1929 Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia established as new countries 1924 The death of Lenin 1926 Television is first successfully demonstrated in Britain
  74. 76. 1933 Hitler becomes the German Chancellor 1937 The Japanese invasion of China 1939 The outbreak of World War II 1942 Nuclear chain reaction produced in Chicago by Enrico Fermi 1944 The production of the first digital computer 1945 End of World War II 1947 India and Pakistan become independent republics 1956 Soviet forces crush the uprising in Hungary 1957 The Treaty of Rome establishes the European Economic Community 1966 The Cultural Revolution begins in China

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