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Water industry


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Water industry

  1. 1. Water Industry Following the Oil & gas Sector Upstream, Midstream and Downstream Projects There is Huge demand of Water for all industrial sectors. So Water Industry has more Projects scope Importance of Water Industry is reliant on water for all levels of production. It can be used as a raw material, solvent, coolant, transport agent, and energy source. According to Environment Canada's website, many liters of water are used to produce glass, plastic, along with some fabric components. Fresh water is not just for drinking anymore. Industries that produce metals, wood, paper, chemicals, gasoline, oils, and most other products all use water in some part of their production process. Industry depends on water, much like agriculture and domestic households depend on water. Industrial reliance on water makes it essential to preserve water in every aspect possible and make sure water pollution is kept at minimal levels. This page will focus on understanding what water means to industry, how much is used during production, and the negative effects of industrial water use. Water is vital for humans and their environment. This being so, it is especially worthy of protection. For this reason, drinking water – procured from groundwater, bank filtrates, bodies of water or springs close to the Earth’s surface – must be free from harmful contamination after treatment. Hence, the aim of our engineers in research projects is to further improve the processes in drinking-water treatment and sustainable resource protection. So RWE intends to go on helping secure the high quality standards of the German water sector. Water Industry Water industry companies in the complete water cycle. From collection, through purification and transportation to distribution and re-use, we are ready to serve you with enhanced, efficient and reliable product and solutions. Industries and utilities Water Industry Water Handling WATER PRODUCTION
  2. 2. Water is transported from area lakes through underground raw water transmission lines to treatment facilities. Current raw water delivery to the treatment plants has a firm capacity of 60 mgd. Click here for recreational lake information: WATER Treatment Water treatment solutions for all type of applications, from domestic equipment to industrial turnkey plants up to 5000 m3/day. Our wide range of technologies and extended know-how in all water-related sectors will guarantee you a cost-efficient solution meeting your water quality requirements. Lenntech deals daily with clients from various origin: municipalities, water bottlers, hotels and resort requiring safe drinking water for their visitors, farmers needing specific irrigation water for their plants, but also industries like power plants, oil and gas, chemical factories, requiring specific process water for their equipment. Read more: Applications Process water Drinking water Irrigation water Ultra pure water Emergency water supply Processes Sea water desalination Surface water treatment Water softening systems Disinfection Remineralisation Waste water treatment Pesticide treatment Iron and manganese Arsenic removal Heavy metal removal Nitrates treatment Degasser calculation sheet Ion exchange - demi plants
  3. 3. Systems Deep filtration Reverse osmosis Ultrafiltration Ion exchange Ozone disinfection UV disinfection ClO2 disinfection Sediment filters Clarifiers LennRO mini Reverse Osmosis Products Sediment filters Filtration media RO membrane Chemicals Ion exchange resins Victaulic couplings Measurement devices Parts for Water Treatment Systems Cooling Towers Pumps & Pumping Waste water discharge The average German consumes 122 litres of drinking water a day: taking a shower, washing clothes or the dishes. As soon as the water is consumed, it is out of sight. Deep beneath our feet, under streets and pavements, it finds its way through the drain system to the purification plants. Waste water treatment Screenings, sand, biological and chemical impurities – the modern sewage treatment plants of RWE clean waste water of all undesirable constituents prior to reintroducing it into the water cycle. The treatment is carried out according to accepted rules of technology and in compliance with statutory provisions. RWE is continually improving the mechanical, biological and chemical clarification processes used today.
  4. 4. WATER DISTRIBUTION Whether you live in a valley or on a mountain – open the tap, and you don't expect a dripping trickle, but an eternally gushing spring. On Europe's mainland alone, nine million people rely on distribution network functioning without a glitch – at all times. Thanks to comprehensive investment in its line network, Germany's water sector can now boast that a mere 7% of the water is lost en route through leaks in the pipes. In order to maintain this international top value in the long term, the pipes much be continuously checked to detect any leakage. The water distribution system provides economical and compatible facilities that are capable of furnishing sufficient water at suitable pressures. The system consists of almost 750 miles of underground water mains, five pumping stations, three ground storage tanks, six elevated storage tanks, over 12,000 valves, over 2,700 fire hydrants, and over 36,000 meters. After the water is processed at the treatment plants and tested for purity, it is stored in ground storage tanks or pumped into the water distribution system. The distribution network is laid out in a continuous looped system to circulate water and maintain constant system pressure. WATER MANAGEMENT Water Utilities Department is responsible for stormwater pollution abatement, water operations, and wastewater operations in the City, including: providing for adequate, high quality water supply; treating and distributing potable water; collecting all wastewaters discharged to sanitary sewer systems; and transporting and treating all wastewater prior to discharging it into the environment. Water Industry Offering Drinking water production Drinking water can be produced from any natural sources like groundwater, lakes and rivers (surface waters) or seawater. Drinking water standards are set by the World Health organisation or by the European Union. Drinking water must be free of suspended solids, microorganisms and toxic chemicals. Mineral concentration recommendation vary from country to country but most of the minerals have a maximum concentration recommended to ensure safe, equilibrated and pleasant
  5. 5. water to drink. Read more: water.htm#ixzz2fVY19VYQ Water and Wastewater Treatment Treating water supplies and wastewater effluent. The industry membrane systems and chemicals are renowned for their ability to solve even the toughest water and wastewater problems. Membrane chemicals increase the life of reverse osmosis and other membrane systems. They also enhance operational efficiency by controlling fouling and scaling. GE's solutions are suitable for direct filtration processes, multimedia filters and clarifiers, and other gravitational separation systems. Wastewater processing and treatment chemicals can increase effluent reuse through clarification, sludge de-watering, anti-foaming, and odor removal. Specialty polymers, CDPs, and chemicals remove pollutants, minimize sludge handling and disposal costs, improve effluent quality, and promote water savings and recycling. Ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membrane filtration systems — Allows coal plants to burn lower grade coal and gas turbines to switch to heavy fuel or crude oil. Reverse osmosis for brackish water and seawater desalination, industrial process separation and wastewater reclamation. Electrolytic membrane separation: electrodeionization (EDI) for ultrapure water, electrodialysis for industrial separation applications, and electrodialysis reversal (EDR) for desalting water and wastewater. Thermal and zero liquid discharge systems: concentrators and evaporators can recover up to 95 percent of industrial wastewater as high purity distillate. ZeeWeed membrane bioreactor systems — Combine proven UF technology with biological treatment for wastewater treatment and water reuse applications. Kleen —line of chemical cleaners that are formulated for all types of membrane systems, including those employed in the food and beverage industry. Coagulants and flocculants — Chemistry that increases prefiltration efficiency and helps improve productivity in membrane systems for worry-free reverse osmosis feedwater.
  6. 6. Hypersperse MDC series — A family of products that offer protection against scaling and colloidal foulants. Our Hypersperse MSI series offers silica scale and adhesion protection. BioPlus and Metclear — Technologies that enable heavy metal removal and improve water quality. Complete range of wastewater and utility chemicals, including bioaugmentation products, to help treat and reuse effluent for utility applications. Other Applications Water transfer systems, distribution networks, irrigation networks, pumping stations, desalination plants, potable treatment plants, industrial treatment plants, wastewater treatment Enhanced performance, efficiency and reliability in water management Thanks to a wide product and solution portfolio the industry ready to meet any water management challenge. Our goal is to optmize the employment of water and energy resources and to manage the integrated water cycle with efficiency and effectiveness. Pumping Stations Efficient pumping station design improves plant availability and output, thereby reducing the costs of water supply and treatment. Municipal Water Treatment Treatment must guarantee water quality before use and minimise the impact on the environment Water Distribution Network management solutions for real-time monitoring and control of distributed water systems Industrial Water Treatment and Recycling Basic onsite treatment of waste process water avoids unnecessary use of potable water and costly discharges to public wastewater collection. Desalination Plants
  7. 7. Desalination plays an essential role where demand for potable water outpaces the availability of natural resources Water Transmission Infrastructures to transport over long distances to reduce mismatch between supply and demand Irrigation 80% of potable water is used for irrigation - appropriate use of this precious resource is a crucial issue Municipal Wastewater Treatment and Recycling Reduce the impact of pollution into the environment after use and guarantee water quality before re-use Service Our advanced and cost-effective services allow you to maintain the value and performance of your treatment and distribution assets. With our advanced and cost-effective services and solutions we can maintain the value and performance of your water treatment and distribution assets. Our service spectrum covers the entire water cycle for industrial and potable uses. Engineering and Consulting Migration and Upgrades Support and Remote Services Maintenance and Field Services Repair and Refurbish Products Drives, motors, instrumentation; LV control products, PLCs, switchgear, transformers; network optimization and asset management It provides complete solutions for electrical and automation processes in all water industry applications: drives and motors; instrumentation; control products and PLCs (programmable logic controllers); lowvoltage, medium-voltage and high-voltage switchgears and components;
  8. 8. transformers; SCADA systems (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisitions); DCS (Distributed Control Systems); communication networks; optimization and Asset Management solutions. Drives Motors Softstarters Low voltage products and systems PLC's Medium voltage products and systems Control systems
  9. 9. High voltage products and systems Transformers Instrumentation and Analytical Water Usage OverView Facts & Figures Total industrial water use in the world is about 22%, with high-income countries using 59%, and low-income countries using a minuscule 8%. These figures will rise with industrial production. Annual water volume use by industry is increasing at an enormous rate. Annual water volume use will most likely increase from 752 km3 /year in 1995 to 1,170 km3 /year by the year 2025. All figures are according to the website Water Science For Schools. According to the UN World Water Development Report, some 300-500 million tons of heavy metals, solvents, toxic sludge, and other wastes accumulate each year from industry, most of which gets into the freshwater supply. In some developing countries, 70% of industrial wastes are dumped into untreated waters where they pollute the drinking water. Clearly, there are some issues concerning freshwater supplies and industry is a major contributor. See more interesting facts and figures regarding industry and the water supply. Major Uses
  10. 10. Car washes are a great example of an industry that uses gallons and gallons of water everyday. People in developed countries use them frequently without really thinking about all of the water being used. It is the Core countries that use the majority of freshwater in industry, and the United States leads the way. It is astounding if one thinks how much water is consumed by industry. It is predicted to represent 24% of the total freshwater withdrawal worldwide by 2025. Now that one knows some facts about industrial water use, along with its major uses, it is time to explore some of the concerns regarding freshwater use for industries. Produced water is a term used in the oil industry to describe water that is produced when oil and gas are extracted from the ground. Oil and gas reservoirs have a natural water layer (formation water) that lies under the hydrocarbons. Oil reservoirs frequently contain large volumes of water, while gas reservoirs tend to have smaller quantities. To achieve maximum oil recovery additional water is often injected into the reservoirs to help force the oil to the surface. Both the formation water and the injected water are eventually produced along with the oil and therefore as the field becomes depleted the produced water content of the oil increases. Produced Water Produced water is considered an industrial waste and coal seam gas (CSG) producers are now required to employ beneficial re-uses for produced water. The broad management options for re-use are direct injection, environmentally acceptable direct- use of ―untreated‖ water, or ―treatment‖ to a government-issued standard before disposal or supply to users. Bottle/Sarchet Water Production The production of sachet table water has been very good and profitable business in which individual would be interested to invest with good management scheme. Since the introduction of sachet table water in Nigeria, cholera diseases has been reduced by 70% in the country with good atmosphere. The demand for sachet water nationwide is much considering the simple hypothesis that out of every one hundred Nigerians, 70 people drink (pure water) sachet water. Now, no matter the number of production plants exist in Nigeria cannot cover or meet the demand of sachet water