What Is Art? A Human Phenomenon

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What Is Art? A Human Phenomenon

  1. 1. Chapter 1: A Human Phenomenon Consider the following questions:  What is art?  What are some ways to approach a definition of art?
  2. 2. What is art?  No one definition applies for all times and places.  “Art is a primarily visual medium that expresses ideas about our human experience and the world around us.” -Lazzari and Schlesier, Exploring Art
  3. 3.  Function: what job does the art do within a culture?  Visual Form: what does the art look like, how and what has the artist assembled?  Content: what ideas are being communicated through the art?  Aesthetics: what is defined as beautiful by the culture in which the art was made?
  4. 4. Functions of Art  Assists in rituals, spiritual, religious  Reflects customs about human life
  5. 5. Functions of Art  Communicates ideas, thoughts, emotions  Educates us about ourselves and the world around us
  6. 6. Functions of Art  Commemorates, records history, protests
  7. 7. Functions of Art  Entertainment
  8. 8. VISUAL FORM  MATERIALS  FORMAL ELEMENTS  OVERALL COMPOSITION OR ARRANGEMENT
  9. 9. CONTENT  The art’s imagery  It’s surroundings where it is used or displayed  Its symbolic meaning  The customs, beliefs, and values of the culture that uses it  Text incorporated in work, or writings about work
  10. 10. What defines beauty…? What makes something beautiful?  WHO defines beauty?
  11. 11. Aesthetics: Art and Beauty  Philosophies concerned with the meanings of beauty.  What is beautiful associated with cultural value  Enormous range of meaning
  12. 12. Beauty Is Subjective • Subjective: full of personal emotions and feelings • Objective: free of personal feelings or emotion; hence, without bias
  13. 13. Conventions of Beauty Which woman is beautiful? "Venus of Villendorf" 10.000-15.000 b.c.
  14. 14. Beauty is like art…  There is no one definition of beauty for one time period or place.  Ideas of beauty change over time and across different cultural and geographical locations.  Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. One person may think something is beautiful while another may not.
  15. 15. The Artist’s Response to the World  Visual perception: point of view, values, and individual experiences  Arresting, engage our attention, to make us look-make us aware of looking  Enrich our everyday experience
  16. 16. CATEGORIES OF VISUAL ARTS  Fine art  Popular culture  Kitsch
  17. 17. STYLE CATEGORIES  Naturalistic, Representational  Idealized  Abstract  Expressive or expressionist  Nonobjective  Cultural style  Artist Style
  18. 18. Naturalism  Fully representational with specific details
  19. 19. Realism  Representational but emphasizes the emotional not specific
  20. 20. Semi Abstraction  Partly representational but simplified and rearranged.
  21. 21. Objective Abstraction  Based on a physical object but simplified and rearranged so that it appears nonobjective.
  22. 22. Non Objective Abstraction  Started without any reference to a physical object. Based on pure design.
  23. 23. Vincent Van Gogh Starry Night Saint Remy, June 1889 Oil on canvas, 29 x 36 1/4"
  24. 24. Van Gogh Self portraits Style is known for swirling Brush strokes Moody content
  25. 25. What affects your view of art?  Gender  Culture  Nationality  Geographic location  Ethnicity  Spiritual beliefs  Socio-economic backgrd  Political beliefs  Personal experiences
  26. 26. How you respond to a work of art tells more about you than it does about the work of art.
  27. 27. Recap  Definition of art  Functions of art  Beauty  Aesthetics  Categories of Style  Artist Style: Van Gogh

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