Parts of speech


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Parts of speech

  1. 1. The 8 PARTS OF SPEECH An Overview
  2. 2. Parts of Speech  Determining partsof speech isnothing morethan determining thefunction/job aparticular word hasin asentence. They all play arole in thesentence, and oneword might beanoun onetimeand averb the next.  Let’staketheword run for example.  Let’sgo on aRUN after school. (NOUN)  I will RUN to thecafeteriato befirst in line(VERB)
  3. 3. NOUNS person, place, thing, idea Common: chair, pencil, school Proper: Woodward Academy Concrete: desk, Aunt Lulu Abstract: freedom, love Compound: firefighter Collective: class, herd
  4. 4. PRONOUNS Pronouns, for the most part, take the place of nouns. There are actually several different kinds of pronouns, and they are used much more than most people realize.
  5. 5. PERSONAL PRONOUNS - the basics FIRST PERSON: I, me, my, mine, we, our, ours, us SECOND PERSON: you, your, yours THIRD PERSON: he, she, it, its, his, him, her, hers, they, their, theirs, them
  6. 6. DEMONSTRATIVE THIS, THAT, THESE, and THOSE ONLY used in place of nouns (be aware of Demonstrative Adjectives - don’t use them before a noun). THIS is my book. THAT is yours. THESE are my pickles. THOSE are his shoes.
  7. 7. INTERROGATIVE WHAT, WHICH, WHO, WHOM, AND WHOSE And like all interrogatives, they start questions: WHAT are you doing? WHO do you think you are?
  8. 8. RELATIVE WHO, WHOM, WHOSE, WHICH, THAT These look like interrogative pronouns, but they do NOT ask questions. They begin clauses that add more info to a sentence: My students, WHO are the best and brightest, love relative pronouns. The vegetables THAT are the healthiest are the green ones.
  9. 9. INDEFINITE An indefinite pronoun refers to something that is not definite or specific or exact. The indefinite pronouns include but are not limited to the following: all, another, any, each, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody, either, neither
  10. 10. ADJECTIVES Adjectives modify nouns & pronouns They tell WHICH ONE, WHAT KIND, and HOW MANY WHICH ONE: this book or that one WHAT KIND: the red ball, the tall kid HOW MANY: two kids, several moments
  11. 11. DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES: this, that, these, and those They are also pronouns - so be careful how you use them. To use them as an adjective, place them directly before a noun: THIS book is so good. THOSE pencils should be put away.
  12. 12. VERBS Express ACTION or a STATE OF BEING (linking). ACTION: cry, leap, laugh, run STATE OF BEING: is, seems, looks, appears
  13. 13. HELPING VERBS Many people are confused about the difference between LINKING and HELPING verbs - and for good reason: many of the words are the same (is, are, can, could…). HELPING verbs help both ACTION & LINKING verbs, while LINKING stand alone. HELPING: I WILL walk to my class. LINKING: I AM a teacher.
  14. 14. ADVERBS Adverbs modify verbs, adverbs, and adjectives. They answer the questions how, why, when, where, to what extent, and under what condition. They often end in -LY (badly, gracefully), but they do not have to. Words like soon, there, & very are common adverbs that do not end in -ly.
  15. 15. PREPOSITIONS Prepositions express relationships between other words. They are ALWAYS in a phrase (hint: if you see one alone, it’s an adverb). In the pool, near the school, over the roof, around the fence COMPOUND PREPS include because of, in addition to, instead of
  16. 16. CONJUNCTIONS Conjunction, junction, what’s your function? TO CONNECT words, phrases, & clauses There are two main kinds: coordinating & correlative
  17. 17. COORDINATING & CORRELATIVE COORDINATING are the FANBOYS: or, and, nor, but, or yet, so CORRELATIVE work with a partner either… or neither… nor not only… but also
  18. 18. INTERJECTIONS Words used to add feeling or emphasis to (usually) the beginning of a sentence. They can be followed by a comma or a conjunction. Wow! Hey! Awww,