Elementary education integration


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Elementary education integration
Includes Elementary Lesson: Parts of Speech

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Elementary education integration

  1. 1. Elementary EducationElementary EducationIntegrationIntegrationLesson: Parts of SpeechLesson: Parts of SpeechSubject:Subject: ENGLISHENGLISH
  3. 3. The teacher will do a power point presentationabout the Part of SpeechAt the end of the lesson the teacher will letthe students to identify the Parts of Speech byshowing them some pictures.ELEMENTARYELEMENTARY
  4. 4. Parts of Speech, words classified according totheir functions in sentences, for purposes oftraditional grammatical analysis. Eight parts ofspeech are usually identified: nouns, adjectives,adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, pronouns,verbs, and interjections. Most of the majorlanguage groups spoken today, notably the Indo-European languages and Semitic languages, usealmost the identical categories; Chinese,however, has fewer parts of speech than English.PARTS OF SPEECH
  5. 5. ProcedureThe teachers will tell the students: a fun activitymight be to have the students look around theirclassroom, and write down everything they see.Have each student read one or more of his or heritems out loud - most of these will be nouns. Next,have the students organize these nouns intocategories of "people, places, or things."(Ex. desk, chair, teacher, Sam, pencil, book,chalkboard, floor...)PARTS OF SPEECH: NOUN
  6. 6. A noun (Latin nomen, “name”) is usuallydefined as a word denoting a thing, place,person, quality, or action and functioning in asentence as the subject or object of actionexpressed by a verb or as the object of apreposition. In modern English, proper nouns,which are always capitalized and denoteindividuals and personifications, aredistinguished from common.PARTS OF SPEECH: NOUN
  7. 7. Proper NounsProper nouns are nouns that name a certain place, like New YorkCity, or a certain person, like Abraham Lincoln. Proper nounsbegin with a capital letter.Examples of Proper Nouns:Main StreetDr. John SmithPhoenix, ArizonaSpotUnited StatesEast Elementary PARTS OF SPEECH: NOUN
  8. 8. A pronoun is an identifying word used instead ofa noun and inflected in the same way nouns are.Personal pronouns, in English, are I, you,he/she/it, we, you (plural), and they.Demonstrative pronouns are this, that, and such.Introducing questions, who and which areinterrogative pronouns; when introducing clausesthey are called relative pronouns. Indefinitepronouns are each, either, some, any, many, few,and all.PARTS OF SPEECH: PRONOUN
  9. 9. PronounsPronouns are words that can take the place of nouns. When talkingabout yourself, you would say "me" or "I" instead of your own name. Examples of pronouns:IshemeithetheyWrong: Heidi called Kyle to ask Kyle if Kyle could meet Heidi at thepark. (This sentence doesnt make sense - no pronouns.)Correct: Heidi called Kyle to ask him if he could meet her at the park.(Substitutes the pronouns him and he for Kyle, and her for Heidi.)PARTS OF SPEECH: PRONOUN
  10. 10. ProcedureTeachers write these sentences on theboard, and then have the students try tofigure out the action words. PARTS OF SPEECH: VERB
  11. 11. Definition: A verb is an action word. A verb tells what the subjectdoes, is, or what happens to it. (Ask: what is subject doing?Answer: a verb.)Example 1"Kayla smiled at the teacher." smiled - tells what the subject (Kayla) didExample 2"Sam listens to the teacher."listens - tells what subject (Sam) is doing.Example 3"Maria was lost in the woods."was lost - tells what happens to subject (Maria).PARTS OF SPEECH: VERB
  12. 12. Teachers to reinforce understanding of basic verbidentification, have students write their ownsentences on the board and pick out the noun(previous lessons) and verb in each sentence.Many sentences have more than one verb. Can youfind three verbs in this sentence?"Kyle runs with the football and shouts to histeammates while he plays outside."PARTS OF SPEECH: VERB
  13. 13. Helping VerbsSome words help express action. These are calledhelping verbs:is swimming have brought was running was goingdoes ride will throw had broken has carriedTeachers these are verbs that are difficult toidentify and correctly use. Tell students to payspecial attention to these types of verbs.PARTS OF SPEECH: VERB
  14. 14. Verb TensePresent Tense: verb shows what is happening now.Ex. Trina reads a book.Past Tense: a verb showing that something already happened.Ex. Trina read a book.Example of present tense verbs:Today I dance.Jessica dances with Kent.Jessica dances with me.We all dance together.PARTS OF SPEECH: VERB
  15. 15. Example of past tense verbs: (change from presentto past by adding -ed:)Yesterday I danced.Kent danced with Jessica.Jessica danced with me.We all danced together.Changing verbs from present to past - (verbs thatdont add -ed):PARTS OF SPEECH: VERB
  16. 16. ProcedureTeachers introduce adjectives to thestudents by having them think of threewords that describe a puppy and anelephant. Write them on the board. Mostof these will be adjectives. (Ex. soft, cute,large, gray.) PARTS OF SPEECH: ADJECTIVES
  17. 17. Definition : AdjectiveAn adjective is a word that describes a noun(person, place, or thing).Adjectives can tell how something looks, tastes,feels or sounds. Adjectives answer questions like:How many? How big? What kind? Which?PARTS OF SPEECH: ADJECTIVES
  18. 18. Articles (or determiners)There are some special adjectives that are used frequently in speech and writing:the, a, anTeachers Have students find the adjectives in the following sentences.Example 1:"On a warm, sunny day, Alex swam in the cold, blue lake.(warm and sunny describes day; the, cold, blue describes lake.)Example 2:"The smiling girl ran to the biggest dog.(smiling tells what kind of girl; the biggest describes dog.)Example 3:"Mr. Smith bought four red apples, three oranges, and two ripe bananas."(four, red tells what kind of apple; three tells how many oranges, and two, ripetells what kind of bananas.)PARTS OF SPEECH: ADJECTIVES
  19. 19. Definition:An adverb describes a verb. It answers thequestions: When? Where? How? Teachers : read or write these sentences on theboard. Tell the students how important it is tohave lively, interesting verbs in sentences.Adverbs help to make verbs more interesting andeasier to understand. PARTS OF SPEECH: ADVERB
  20. 20. Example 1: "Henry showed us his blue ribbon."- Ask the question: how did Henry show (the verb) his ribbon? "Henry proudly showed us his blue ribbon.""Henry secretly showed us his blue ribbon."(By changing the adverb from "proudly" to "secretly", it completely changes themeaning of the sentence. Both adverbs describe the verb "show".)Example 2: We quickly ran to our cars.(quickly - tells how we ran)Example 3: Amy finally caught a fish.(finally - tells when Amy caught)Example 4: The captain headed north.(north -tells where the captain headed)Most words ending in ly are adverbs. Three common exceptions are friendly,lonely, and lively, which are adjectives.PARTS OF SPEECH: ADVERB
  21. 21. ProcedureTeachers introduce prepositions to the students by askingthem to think of two words that describe what they coulddo with a box. You could even draw a box on the board orhave a box to use as a visual aid.Brainstorm these words and write them on the board. Mostof the words will be prepositions. (Examples: inside, into,under, by, over, beneath, beside)PARTS OF SPEECH: PREPOSITIONS
  22. 22. Preposition Definition:A preposition connects a noun to otherwords and shows the relationship betweenthem.PARTS OF SPEECH: PREPOSITIONS
  23. 23. Examples of Prepositions:Teachers help the students to identify the prepositions ineach sentence:Example 1: "We ran into the building."(into - shows relationship between ran and building)Example 2: "The dog dug under the bush by the house."(under - shows relationship between dug and bush)(by - shows relationship between bush and house)Example 3: "Tina jumped over the bush while the cat sleptbeneath it."(over - shows relationship between jumped and bush)(beneath - shows relationship between slept and it)PARTS OF SPEECH: PREPOSITIONS
  24. 24. ProcedureTeachers have students brainstorm how theywould feel if they fell off of their bike and gothurt. Or how about if someone scared them? Whatis the first thing they would say? These words willmost likely be interjections.PARTS OF SPEECH: CONJUNCTIONSAND INTERJECTIONS
  25. 25. Interjections Defined: An interjection is a word used to expressstrong, sudden feelings. Emotions such as fear,surprise, anger, love, and joy can all be expressedwith an interjection. Interjections usually have anexclamation point (!) after it.Examples: wow! hurray! stop! ouch!PARTS OF SPEECH: CONJUNCTIONSAND INTERJECTIONS
  26. 26. Conjunctions Defined: A conjunction joins words and phrases.Conjunctions make writing more concise: Insteadof: "I dont like apples. I dont like oranges." usethe conjunction "or" to connect the two sentences:"I dont like apples or oranges.“Examples: and, or, but, norPARTS OF SPEECH: CONJUNCTIONSAND INTERJECTIONS
  27. 27. Identify what Parts of Speech are givenIdentify what Parts of Speech are givenbelow….below….George W. Bush
  28. 28. Identify what Parts of Speech are givenIdentify what Parts of Speech are givenbelow….below….
  29. 29. Identify what Parts of Speech are givenIdentify what Parts of Speech are givenbelow….below….
  30. 30. Identify what Parts of Speech are givenIdentify what Parts of Speech are givenbelow….below….
  31. 31. Thank You and God Bless!