Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

La Ciencia Abierta en la práctica: infraestructuras y políticas en Europa, servicios y herramientas para investigadores

101 views

Published on

L’Escola de Doctorat | Universitat Jaume I, 14 Enero 2019

Published in: Science
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

La Ciencia Abierta en la práctica: infraestructuras y políticas en Europa, servicios y herramientas para investigadores

  1. 1. @openaire_eu LA CIENCIA ABIERTAEN LA PRÁCTICA infraestructuras y políticas en Europa, servicios y herramientas para investigadores Pedro Príncipe UniversityofMinho.OpenAIRESupportDirector. L’Escola de Doctorat | Universitat Jaume I, 14 Enero 2019
  2. 2. Agenda Del Acceso Abierto a la Ciencia Abierta: políticas en Europa. Infraestructura OpenAIRE: servicios y herramientas. European Open Science Could: catálogo de servicios. Prácticas de Ciencia Abierta: consejos prácticos y discusión . 1 2 3 4
  3. 3. 1. DelAcceso Abierto a la CienciaAbierta: políticas enEuropa.
  4. 4. “Acceso abierto” (Open Access) significa la disponibilidad gratuita en la Internet de la literatura académica o científica, para que cualquier usuario la pueda leer, descargar, copiar, etc., con posibilidad de buscar o enlazar todos los textos de estos documentos.
  5. 5. DosvíasparaelAccesoAbierto Publicarlosartículosenrevistasdeaccesoabierto siemprequeexistanrevistasadecuadasparaelefecto (actualmentemásdede 9300, ≃ 32% - ver www.doaj.org) DORADA Depositar losartículosenrepositoriosdeacceso abierto(actualmentemásde3200–ver www.opendoar.org),independientementededonde sepublican(incluyendolasrevistastradicionales- actualmente cerca de 19000, ≃ 68%) VERDE
  6. 6. Ciencia Abierta
  7. 7. Publicaciones DatosEnlosresultados Enlosmétodos Procesos Herramientas Infraestructuras …. CIENCIA ABIERTA
  8. 8.  Promover la eficiencia y el progreso de la investigación y de la ciencia.  Para tornar la ciencia mas eficiente, transparente, confiable y reproductible. Acceso Abierto/Ciencia Abierta Porqué?
  9. 9. Ciencia Abierta: Progreso Científico www.nytimes.com/2010/08/13/health/research/ 13alzheimer.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
  10. 10. Ciencia Abierta: Validar Resultados, Combatir la fraude www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2013/apr/18/uncovered-error-george-osborne-austerity
  11. 11. Ciencia Abierta: mejorar la reproducibilidad Begley, C. G. & Ellis, L. M. Nature 483, 531-533 (2012).
  12. 12. Para facilitar la innovación y maximizar el impacto y el retorno social y económico del investimento que nuestras sociedades realizan en la ciencia.
  13. 13. https://www.fosteropenscience.eu
  14. 14. Checklist ¿Cómo encontrar una revista científica de acceso abierto adecuada? ¿Cómo encontrar un repositorio adecuado para sus publicaciones? Publique donde desee… Publique en las revistas abiertas, o en la revista de su elección y Archive una copia gratuita. https://vimeo.com/151882443
  15. 15. ElAccesoAbiertoylacienciaabiertaenelmondo: dondeestamos?  Mas repositorios (de <200 a >3200)  Mas revistas AA (de <500 a >9300)  Mas políticas AA (de instituciones de investigación y de agencias de financiación de ciencia) El progreso del Acceso Abierto en la última década fue notable!  Crecimiento del número de repositorios, e del número de documentos en los repositorios  Crecimiento del número de revistas de acceso abierto  Políticas y mandatos de Acceso Abierto de universidades y órganos de financiación Evolución reciente del Acceso Abierto
  16. 16. La mayoría de las políticas de acceso abierto son verdes (archivo en repositorios)! Políticas de acceso abierto
  17. 17. “Thequestionisnolonger„if‟weshouldhaveopen access.Thequestionisabout„how‟weshould developitfurtherandpromoteit.” Neelie Kroes Comisaria Europea para a Agenda Digital, 2011
  18. 18. Open Innovation, Open Science, Open to the World Carlos Moedas Comisario Europeo para a Investigación, Ciencia e Innovación, 2015
  19. 19. Porqué… Open Access in H2020
  20. 20. ElAccesoAbiertoesla norma(default) paralosresultadosde investigaciónenH2020
  21. 21. FP7–Pilotfor7areas(specialclause39)FP7-OpenAccessPilot H2020-OpenAccessbydefaultHorizon2020-OpenAccessbydefault
  22. 22. Multi-beneficiaryGeneral ModelGrantAgreement 29.2Openaccess toscientific publications 29.3Openaccess toresearch data 23 http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants _manual/amga/h2020-amga_en.pdf
  23. 23. “Ensure open access… as soon as possible and at the latest on publication, deposit a machine-readable electronic copy of the published version or final peer-reviewed manuscript accepted for publication in a repository for scientific publications together with bibliographic metadata providing the name of the action, acronym & grant number”
  24. 24. Losautoressonlibresdeelegirentrelasdosrutas principalesynoexclusivashaciaOpenAccess The article is immediately in open access mode, through the publisher. The associated costs are covered by the author/institution/funder. Self-archiving (‚green‘ open access) The published article or the final peer reviewed manuscript is uploaded in an online repository – access is often delayed (‚embargo period‘) Open access publishing (‚gold‘ open access) El artículo siempre debe depositarse en un repositorio, incluso si la ruta de oro ha sido elegida.
  25. 25. • Institutional repository (Repositorio de UJAUME1) • Disciplinary (arXiv, Europe PubMed Central…) • Or use Zenodo.org: EC-cofounded, multidisciplinary, free repository ¿Dónde depositar? • The Directories of Open Access Repositories: • sV2.herpa.ac.uk/opendoar • roar.eprints.org • Explore.openaire.eu where what when
  26. 26. • Final peer-reviewed manuscript OR • Published version + metadata: funder, grant ID number, acronym, publication date…. ¿Qué depositar?  Aplicar a todo tipo de publicación, pero énfasis en artículos revisados por pares where what when
  27. 27. • SHERPA/ROMEO: www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo • Overview of copyright policies and self-archiving permissions Checkpublisherspolicies ¿Qué puedo depositar? where what when
  28. 28. ¿Qué puedo depositar? Pre-print Before peer review Publisher’s version With lay-out Embargo Period during which access to the article is limited Post- Print After peer review
  29. 29. ¿Cuándo depositar?  As soon as possible, and at the latest on publication ¿Cuándo proporcionar Open Access? • Immediately or • After embargo period: • at most 6 months (12 months for publications in the social sciences and humanities)* *EC’s model amendment to publishing agreements: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/other/hi/oa-pilot/h2020-oa- guide-model-for-publishing-a_en.pdf where what when
  30. 30. Researcher decides where to publish Check publishers policies on www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo Open Access Journals: doaj.org Self-archive in repository Check for Article Processing Charges Subscription-based journal Immediate OA Immediate or delayed OA
  31. 31. ¿Se admiten los costos por procesamiento de artículos (APCs)? • Both for OA journals AND subscriptions-based journals that offer the possibility of making individual articles openly accessible (hybrid journals) Yes but… • Are eligible for reimbursement during the duration of the action. AreArticleProcessingCharges(APCs)supported?
  32. 32. Average APCs APCsvarywidely Average: • 1378 €1 - 1 978 €2 • 1186 / 1 754 € (OA journal) - 2 280 € (hybrid journal)3 • 1 479 € (OA journal) – 2 493 € (hybrid journal)4 1. Open access central funds in UK universities. Learned Publishing, [online] 25(2). Pinfield, S., and Middleton, C., 2012 2. Figure 1: APC pricing distribution. Article processing charges (APCs) and subscriptions. Shamash , K. , 2016 3. A study of open access journals using article processing charges. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(8), pp.1485–1495. Solomon, D.J., and Björk, B.-C., 2012 4. https://treemaps.intact-project.org/page/about.html Information on APCs per publisher and journal  openAPC project Both types of OA publication cost can be reimbursed in H2020 projects. Currently, there is no price-cap for APCs.
  33. 33. Notjustaboutopenaccesstopublications… OPEN RESEARCH DATA
  34. 34. good research needs good data DigitalCurationCenter 35 http://epicgraphic.com/data-cake
  35. 35. Image:https://www.flickr.com/photos/dmh650/4031607067/in/gallery-wlef70-72157633022909105/ Data management is a part of good research practice. RCUK Policy and Code of Conduct on the Governance of Good Research Conduct Responsible data management is part of good research. NWO – Introduction to the pilot Data Management
  36. 36. 80%dela investigaciónestá financiada públicamente. Source:“AcademicPublishing:SurveyoffunderssupportsthebenignOpenAccessoutcomepricedinto shares,HSBCGlobalResearch,”February11,2013: https://www.research.hsbc.com/midas/Res/RDV?ao=20&key=RxArFbnG1P&n=360010.PDF www.sparc.arl.org
  37. 37. • Descriptionofdatatobecollected/created(i.e. content,type,format,volume...) • Standards/methodologiesfordatacollection& management • EthicsandIntellectualProperty(highlightrestrictionson datasharinge.g.embargoes,confidentiality) • Plansfordatasharingandaccess(i.e.how,when,to whom) • Strategyforlong-termpreservation Algunos financiadores que requieren planes de gestión de datos 39
  38. 38. 40
  39. 39. To make the research data generated by selected Horizon 2020 projects accessible with as few restrictions as possible, while at the same time protecting sensitive data from inappropriate access. Information already paid for by the public should not be paid for again. Open data is data that is free to access and reuse EC Open Research Data Pilot: aims
  40. 40. DATA, including metadata, needed to validate the results in scientific publications. Other data, including metadata, as specified in the Data Management Plan. Open Research Data policy requirements Horizon 2020 grantees are encouraged to also share datasets beyond publication
  41. 41. 43
  42. 42.  IncompatiblewiththeHorizon2020obligationtoprotectresultsiftheycan reasonablybeexpectedtobecommerciallyorindustriallyexploited;  Incompatiblewiththeneedforconfidentialityinconnectionwithsecurity issues;  Incompatiblewithexistingrulesconcerningtheprotectionofpersonaldata;  Iftheprojectwillnotgenerate/collectanyresearchdata;  IfthereareotherlegitimatereasonstonottakepartinthePilot Reasons for total or partial opting out 44
  43. 43. Write, and keep up-to-date, a Data Management Plan. Deposit the data in a research data repository. Open Research Data policy requirements Licensing research data - Horizon 2020 Open Access guidelines point to:
  44. 44. 46 A FAIR approach to DMPs
  45. 45. • How to discover your data? • How to understand your data? • Where to find your data? • Can people access your data? • Metadata • Persistent identifier • Naming convention • Keywords • Versioning • Software, documentation • Data repository • Standards • Vocabulary • Methodologies • Licensing Findable ReusableInteroperable Accessible
  46. 46. CreateaDMP Living document: update Reflects on curation, preservation, sustainability and security What parts will be open and how? Handling of data during and after project
  47. 47. basic idea ≠ DMP + plan budget Timeline 1st version DMP Changes in data, policy, consortium Update DMP Final version UPDATE PERIODIC EVALUATION 6 MONTHSPROPOSAL FINAL REVIEW
  48. 48. Aweb-basedtooltohelpresearcherswriteDMPs IncludesatemplateforHorizon2020 https://dmponline.dcc.ac.uk
  49. 49. Contenidodeunplandegestióndedatos(H2020) Data summary FAIR Data principles Resources Data security Ethical aspects Template: EC guidelines on FAIR Data Management http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-data-mgt_en.pdf
  50. 50. RequisitosdelpilotodedatosH2020 1. Data Management Plan (DMP) 2. Deposit data in data repository 4. Open up data3. Provide information to validate results
  51. 51. ¿Apoyo e información? 5353 OpenAIRE - An Open Knowledge & Research Information Infrastructure OPENAIRE FOSTERS THE SOCIAL AND TECHNICAL LINKS THAT ENABLE OPEN SCIENCE IN EUROPE AND BEYOND.
  52. 52. OpenAIRE 5454 Servicios y herramientas:  Depósito en acceso abierto  Almacenamiento de datos de investigación en Zenodo  Conectar publicaciones y conjuntos de datos  Informes de resultados de investigación  Descubrir, analizar y acceder  Material de soporte y Helpdesk  Material de capacitación y apoyo
  53. 53. 2. Infraestructura OpenAIRE: servicios y herramientas.
  54. 54. OpenAIRE - what we do Support – Accelerate – Monitor Open Science
  55. 55. 34 National Open Access Desks 15+ Technical Services From basic infrastructure level to value added
  56. 56. OpenAIRE’s e-infrastructure Commons Publications repositories Research Data repositories CRIS systems Registries (e.g. projects) OA Journals Software Repositories Validation Cleaning De-duplication Enrichment By inference Funders, research admins, research communities • Research impact • Project reporting and monitoring • Open Access trends Content providers • Repository validation • Repository notification broker • Repository analytics and usage stats Researchers • Claim publications, datasets, software • Deposit publications, datasets, software • Search & browse: interlinked publications, datasets, projects • Open Access & DMP Helpdesk • End-User feedback CONTENT PROVIDERS INFO SPACE SERVICES KEY STAKEHOLDERS SERVICES Project initiative FunderFunding Result Publication Data Software Organization GUIDE LINES TERMS OF USE
  57. 57. Key to Open Science uptake: services for all Provide standards, tools and services for Open Science implementation and ensure their uptake on a global level.
  58. 58. www.openaire.eu explore.openaire.eu monitor.openaire.euprovide.openaire.eu develop.openaire.eu connect.openaire.eu
  59. 59. Discover linked Open Research Search for research results, projects, content prodivers and organizations EXPLORE.OpenAIRE DISCOVERYSERVICE
  60. 60. https://explore.openaire.eu
  61. 61. Share, deposit and publish in OA Howtocomply.Whatservicestouse.
  62. 62. Open Access & Open Research Data in H2020 67
  63. 63. Find where to deposit 68
  64. 64. • Catch-all repository for EU funded research • Up to 50 GB per upload • Data stored in the CERN Data Center • Persistent identifiers (DOIs) for every upload • Includes article level metrics • Free for the long tail of Science • Open to all research outputs from all disciplines • Easily add EC funding information and report via OpenAIRE Zenodo – Catch-all repository 69
  65. 65. Services for RDM & FAIR data
  66. 66. . upload .. describe … publish
  67. 67. Upload 72
  68. 68. Describe 73
  69. 69. Describe 74
  70. 70. Publish 75 http://www.datacite.org www.openaire.eu
  71. 71. Publish 76
  72. 72. Publish 77
  73. 73. 78
  74. 74. Linkyour research results Servicesforresearchers,project coordinatorsandresearchmanagers
  75. 75. LINK RESEARCH RESULTS TOOL https://explore.openaire.eu/participate/claim
  76. 76. LINK RESEARCH RESULTS TOOL https://explore.openaire.eu/participate/claim
  77. 77. Gather outputs. View progress and report. Monitor. Servicesforresearchers,project coordinatorsandresearchmanagers
  78. 78. Projects: publications and data 83
  79. 79. Projects: publications and data 84
  80. 80. PROJECT PUBLICATIONS AND DATASETS Automatically
  81. 81. provide.openaire.eu
  82. 82. connect.openaire.eu
  83. 83. 3. European Open Science Could: catálogo de servicios.
  84. 84. www.eosc-portal.eu
  85. 85. www.eosc-portal.eu
  86. 86. E-infrastructures EOSC-HUB, OpenAIRE (EGI, EUDAT…) EOSC y otras infrastructuras Research Infrastructures ELIXIR, DARIAH, EPOS… Project & Initiatives Disciplines… National e-infrastructures Run by national or regional bodies. National NODES of RI Research infrastructures… Elixir Spain… Institutional facilities Publication and data repositories, data storage and data vault…
  87. 87. Prácticas de Ciencia Abierta: consejos prácticosy discusión.
  88. 88. www.openaire.eu @openaire_eu facebook.com/groups/openaire pedroprincipe@sdum.uminho.pt Thank you!

×