130714 the meaning of the cross 1 corinthians 2 1-5 abridged


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Sermon presented by Dale Wells at Palm Desert Church of Christ on 7/14/2013.

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  • Subject dear to our hearts, but difficult to talk about – Son of God came and suffered and died.JAMA Vol 255 No 11, March 21, 1986, included an article “On the Physical Death of Jesus Christ” by William D. Edwards, a Professor of Pathology at the Mayo Clinic, in collaboration with Wesley Gabel, a Methodist preacher and Floyd Hosmer, a medical illustrator. Detailed each stage of Jesus’ death, beginning with Gethsemane, and catalogued what was taking place physiologically at every stage.If you haven’t been through it, you can only grasp the bare minimum of what it meant.Today is not about physiology of his death. Rather, what is the meaning of the cross from Jesus’ perspective – and from ours.First, what it meant to Jesus. Use acrostic – series of words in which each letter starts with each successive letter of the word “cross”.
  • Those who were hung upon a cross were considered cursed. He became a curse for us. He was cursed in the eyes of humanity.
  • “Tree” (ζύλον, zulon) is used of stocks and poles on which bodies were impaled (cf. Est 2:23); by extension it can refer to a cross (L &N 6. 28), the Roman instrument of execution.The ʻcurse of the law’ is the curse from Dt. 27:26, quoted in v 10: Galatians 3:10 All who rely on observing the law are under a curse, for it is written: "Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law."Christ has redeemed us from this curse by becoming a curse on our behalf. But how? To be born under law, as he was (4:4), involves no curse, if one keeps the law. And this Christ did, according to Paul (cf. 2 Cor. 5:21, he had no sin). By his lifelong obedience (cf. Rom. 5:19) he remained immune from the curse of the law, yet the circumstances of his death brought him unavoidably under God’s curse.Paul quotes Deuteronomy 21:22-23 If a man guilty of a capital offense is put to death and his body is hung on a tree, [23] you must not leave his body on the tree overnight. Be sure to bury him that same day, because anyone who is hung on a tree is under God's curse.
  • Rejected by men, because they deemed him to be cursed, not only by men, but by God
  • Jesus left heaven to come to earth and be rejected and cursed.He is presented metaphorically as a leper to picture his social isolation and substitutionary sin.The servant is likened to a seriously ill person who is shunned by others because of his horrible disease.Rejection of the servant reveals how misguided the human mind is.A man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief. Jesus experienced sorrow and grief of various sorts throughout his whole life.We have a song “Where No One Stands Alone” with the words “I don’t know a thing in this whole wide world that’s worse than being alone.” – But that is what Jesus experienced.
  • Because Jesus was willing to go to the cross, he experienced oppression that he didn’t deserve.
  • The term "oppressed" was appropriate in relation to the trials and death of Jesus; for all those who tried him-- Pilate, Herod, Annas, and Caiaphas-- had a measure of human authority and misused it when they condemned him or, washing their hands of him, allowed others to take him to the place of death. In it all, he had a quiet and uncomplaining bearing (cf. esp. 1 Peter 2:23)1 Peter 2:23 When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly.Those who condemned Jesus did not understand what they were doing (cf. Luke 23:34; Acts 3:14–18; 1 Cor. 2:8)If you begin to see what the cross meant for Jesus, you can understand what it should have meant for us. We were rejected by God, cursed because of our sin, we deserved the oppression of the cross.
  • Cross was shameful thing in Roman world. The Son of God who should have been honored above all men was shamed above all men for us.
  • Crucifixion, performed naked and in public, and inflicting prolonged pain on the victim, was intended to cause shame as well as death.Why would Jesus subject himself to that? Joy set before him. Looking forward to our redemption and His glorification at the Father’s “right hand”Paul says we should have the same focus on the future: 2 Corinthians 4:17-18 For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory that far outweighs them all. [18] So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen. For what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.
  • Jesus did not just endure mental and emotional suffering. Physical suffering as well.
  • Severe scourgings often preceded crucifixions. Beatings were a regular punishment themselves, but flogging and scourging, much more severe, were part of the death sentence. The most severe – scourging – is indicated here by the Greek verb translated flogged severely (μαστιγόω, mastigoo). In the provinces, soldiers normally administered this punishment. Free Romans were beaten with rods, soldiers with sticks, but slaves and despised non-Romans with whips whose leather thongs enclosed sharp pieces of metal or bone. Jewish law allowed only thirty- nine lashes; Roman law allowed scourging till the soldier grew tired, and texts report that bones or entrails were sometimes bared. People died on occasion while being flogged this way; frequently it was severe enough to rip a person's body open or cut muscle and sinew to the bone. It was carried out with a whip that had fragments of bone or pieces of metal bound into the tips.These are some – not all – of the things the cross meant for Jesus on physical and spiritual and emotional level.
  • Because of what Jesus did for us on the cross, we are cleansed from our sins.
  • Walk in the light means to reflect God's perfection (see v. 5) in the human sphere and includes both correct doctrine (truth) and moral purity (holiness). When Christians “walk in the light” our lives will be visible, and will not contain hidden sins, falsehoods, or deception. Walking “in the light” results in deep divine and human fellowship (see v. 3) and progressive cleansing from all sin.Blood … cleanses. Although watercleansed in a physical sense, blood also purified in an Old Testament ritual sense. Sacrificial blood set apart what was sacred for God, purifying from sin by making atonement (Lev 16:30).Present tense: continuous cleansing as long as we are walking in the light.
  • Redemption means to be bought back. Jesus came to buy us back.
  • Redemption denotes ransoming someone from captivity or from slavery. The supreme OT example was the exodus, where God redeemed Israel from slavery in Egypt through the blood of the Passover lamb. The blood of animal sacrifices in the Old Testament indicated that the price paid for forgiveness was a life. Paul blends these images here.1 Peter 1:18-19 For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your forefathers, [19] but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect.Christians are freed from slavery to sin and guilt. This was effected by Christ's blood, which means his death as an atoning sacrifice. His life for our lives.
  • I was lost, now found, was dead, now alive.I deserved the wrath of God, found mercy instead.
  • Rev 12:10-11 Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say: "Now have come the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of his Christ. For the accuser of our brothers, who accuses them before our God day and night, has been hurled down. 11 They overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; they did not love their lives so much as to shrink from death.From the book of Job on, Satan is presented as an accuser of the righteous, a prosecuting attorney before God’s court. Rabbinic texts declared that he accused Israel day and night before God, except on the Day of Atonement. This verse declares that Christ’s finished work has ended Satan’s power to accuse the righteous.The believers’ legal “testimony” counts more before the throne than Satan’s accusations, and the object of their testimony is the finished work of Christ on their behalf.Satan’s accusations no longer true. He has been cast out of God’s presence, not us.
  • The image of achieving “victory” was used in military, athletic, debate and courtroom situations but always involved a conflict or test. To overcome the world is to gain victory over its sinful pattern of life, which is another way of describing obedience to God (v. 3). Such obedience is not impossible for believers because we have been born again and the Holy Spirit dwells within us and gives us strength. John speaks of two aspects of victory: (1) the initial victory of turning in faith from the world to God (“has overcome”); (2) the continuing, day-by-day victory of Christian living (“overcomes”). world.
  • God sent his Son that I might be a son
  • Jewish texts often speak of the fulfillment of appointed times in history as a way of recognizing God’s perfect wisdom in and sovereignty over history. Here Paul compares this fulfillment to the point at which a boy attains maturity and is considered an adult (Bar Mitzvah – son of the commandment – age 13 was when a Jewish child was considered subject to the law). “Born under law” means that Jesus was obligated to keep the law of Moses.Jesus was not only subject to law, he redeemed those who, like him, were subject to the law, so they could become sons of God, not slaves of the law.Paul uses common Old Testament imagery to make his point, however; God had made Israel – formerly slaves – into his children (e. g., Ex 4:22), and the Old Testament repeatedly speaks of the land as Israel’s “inheritance,” bestowed on them by God.The Son of God has made us sons of God, with rights to direct access to God. “Abba” is the Aramaic word for “Papa,” a term of special intimacy rarely if ever used in Judaism to address God directly (see comment on Mk 14:36; Rom 8:15).
  • What the cross ultimately means for us. I was lost, but am saved.
  • Do you recall where we began? Jesus was cursed by man and even cursed by God when he hung on the cross. He took the wrath of God that we deserved!Now Paul says we don’t have to suffer God’s wrath because of what Jesus did. Instead, we can receive salvation.The good news is that we’ve got good news – salvation that should encourage us. “Look what God has done for us” are words to encourage each one of us.
  • I hope it means the things we’ve talked about – and much more. We could be here all day and talk about it. The acrostic is a beginning place, not an end.
  • If I were to sum it up in one word: HopeWhere there was no hope, we have hope.Not as we use the word “hope” (e.g. I hope) but an assurance – the certainty of salvation.If you’re not in relationship with God through Christ, there is no hope.We hear the message. We know the story.Some believe. Some try their best to believe. Some are indifferent. No matter where you find yourself this day, you’re invited to do one thing: Gaze at Jesus.You don’t need all your questions answered before you gaze. You don’t have to get your life straightened out before you look. You haven’t heard the story too many times to take another look. All are invited to come, gaze, and respond.
  • 130714 the meaning of the cross 1 corinthians 2 1-5 abridged

    1. 1. https://vimeo.com/64479570
    2. 2. Cursed Gal 3:13
    3. 3. Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: “Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree.”
    4. 4. Cursed Gal 3:13 Rejected Isa 53:3
    5. 5. He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces He was despised and we esteemed Him not.
    6. 6. Cursed Gal 3:13 Rejected Isa 53:3 Oppressed Isa 53:7-8
    7. 7. He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. By oppression and judgment he was taken away. And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken.
    8. 8. Cursed Gal 3:13 Rejected Isa 53:3 Oppressed Isa 53:7-8 Shamed Heb 12:2
    9. 9. Let us fix our eyes on Jesus, the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy set before Him endured the cross, scorning its shame, and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
    10. 10. Cursed Gal 3:13 Rejected Isa 53:3 Oppressed Isa 53:7-8 Shamed Heb 12:2 Scourged John 19:1
    11. 11. Pilate then took Jesus and scourged Him. (NASB)
    12. 12. Cleansing 1 John 1:7
    13. 13. If we walk in the light, as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus, His Son, cleanses us from all sin.
    14. 14. Cleansing 1 John 1:7 Redemption Eph. 1:7
    15. 15. In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace that He lavished upon us.
    16. 16. Cleansing 1 John 1:7 Redemption Eph. 1:7 Overcoming Rev. 12:10-11
    17. 17. We have overcome the accuser by the
    18. 18. For everyone born of God overcomes the world. This is the victory that has overcome the world, even our faith. Who is it that overcomes the world? Only he who believes that Jesus is the Son of God.
    19. 19. Cleansing 1 John 1:7 Redemption Eph. 1:7 Overcoming Rev. 12:10-11 Sonship Gal. 4:4-7
    20. 20. When the time had fully come, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under law, to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons. Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of His Son into
    21. 21. our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, “Abba, Father.” So you are no longer a slave, but a son; and since you are a son, God has made you also an heir.
    22. 22. Cleansing 1 John 1:7 Redemption Eph. 1:7 Overcoming Rev. 12:10-11 Sonship Gal. 4:4-7 Salvation 1 Thess. 5:9-11
    23. 23. For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ. He died for us so that, whether we are awake or asleep, we may live together with Him. Therefore encourage one another and build each other up.
    24. 24. What does the cross mean to you?