3D Printing: Edge Manufacturing - Executive Overview

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Executive Overview and backgrounder on Edge Manufacturing and 3D Printing. Topics include: 3D Printing / Additive Mfg 3
3D Design becomes real 4
Real Parts & Products 5
Example: Laser Sintering 6
Enter: 3D Printing 7
Industries using 3D Printing 8
Edge Manufacturing 9
Example: Consumer Goods 10
3D Printing “Sweet Spot” 11
Industrial 3D Printing 14
Example: Industrial Scenario 15
Solution: Edge Manufacturing 16
Global Market 19
Example: Military Scenario 20
Edge Manufacturing Profile: Kraftwurx 21
Summary & Conclusions 23
About the Authors 25
3D Printing News Stories & Quotes 27
About Pepperwood Partners 31

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  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • Source: The Economist and other sources
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • http://uvamagazine.org/research_and_discovery/article/printing_awesomeness#.URH3A-i8Uy4 http://pixersize.com/wallmurals/jet-engine-turbine-3d-xray-blue-transparent-44923140 (3d printed xray blue)
  • 3D Printing: Edge Manufacturing - Executive Overview

    1. 1. STRATEGIC WHITE PAPER TAKEAWAYS 3D PRINTING EDGE • Will change what we make and how we make it MANUFACTURING by Chris Norman • Will Redefine The Supply Chain and Patrick Seaman March 2013 • New solution for both new products and parts as well as new option to support legacy infrastructurePepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 1
    2. 2. Topics in this White Paper  3D Printing / Additive Mfg 3  Industrial 3D Printing 14  3D Design becomes real 4  Example: Industrial Scenario 15  Solution: Edge Manufacturing 16  Real Parts & Products 5  Global Market 19  Example: Laser Sintering 6  Example: Military Scenario 20  Enter: 3D Printing 7  Edge Manufacturing Profile: Kraftwurx 21  Industries using 3D Printing 8  Summary & Conclusions 23  Edge Manufacturing 9  About the Authors 25  Example: Consumer Goods 10  3D Printing News Stories & Quotes 27  3D Printing “Sweet Spot” 11  About Pepperwood Partners 31Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 2
    3. 3. 3D Printing / Additive Mfg Additive Fabrication / Additive Manufacturing or, as it has become popularly known, 3D Printing, recreates an object layer-by-layer. Using a 3- dimensional digital model (CAD model) as the “blueprint,” successive layers of material are precisely deposited or fused by a 3D Printing / computer controlled “printer” Additive Manufacturing into the desired 3 dimensional – one layer at a time shape.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 3
    4. 4. 3D Design becomes real 3D Designs become Physical Objects3D Printing is aprocess ofmaking threedimensionalsolid objectsfrom a digitalmodel. Thetechnology isused in almostevery industryto create partsand products.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 4
    5. 5. Real Parts & Products (left to right) Aircraft duct for Boeing 777, Turbine Parts, and Turbine Fuel Injector Ring (left to right) Lightweight aircraft door hinge, Knee implant and 10kt White Gold JewelryPepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 5
    6. 6. Example: Laser Sintering Laser sintering uses a high power laser(s) to fuse small particles of plastic, metal, ceramic, or glass powders into the desired three-dimensional shape. Wikipedia CommonsPepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 6
    7. 7. Enter: 3D Printing Today’s 3D Printing technologies make use of a wide variety of materials including plastics, metals, ceramics and even biological materials. Some companies are experimenting with composite materials such as combining plastic and cellulose for a wood-like result. By using multiple print heads, 3D Printed Turbine Engine (© Kraftwurx) different materials can be fused or deposited at different stages, changing the characteristics of the object.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 7
    8. 8. Industries using 3D Printing Source: 2012 Wohler’s Report Source: http://wohlersassociates.com/2012report.htmPepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 8
    9. 9. Edge Manufacturing On the Internet, servers are located “on the edge” so that they are closest to the end-user, with the least delay of service. Edge Manufacturing does the same, using Digital Manufacturing to reduce costs, delivery times and only make what is needed, when it is needed. Edge Manufacturing is an evolution of the supply chain model, where Manufacturing-On-Demand bureaus, such as those employing 3D Printing, are called upon to manufacture an item due to their proximity to the destination / customer. The ramifications of Edge Manufacturing are enormous. It will affect the global economy in ways that corporations and governments cannot yet fully understand.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 9
    10. 10. Example: Consumer Goods For example: The design for an item originates in Texas and is showcased on the internet. A customer in Australia browses and buys the product. While the design for the item is in the USA, the item is Edge Manufactured in Australia, so there are no USA sales taxes, international shipping, or import/customs duties. Suddenly, the US company is competitive in Australia.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 10
    11. 11. 3D-Printing “Sweet Spot”Traditionalmanufacturing reacheseconomiesof scale with 3D Printing Costlarge Tranumbers of d it io nalitems Ma “Sweet Spot” nu facproduced. tu r in g for 3D Printing3D Printinghas a mostlyuniformproduction Volume ( # of Units)cost.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 11
    12. 12. 3D-Printing “Sweet Spot”3D Printing allowsfor customizability ri ngand complexity to f actu nuincrease l Maindependently of iti o na dcost. Tra Cost 3D Printing3D Printingeliminates the needfor inventory andleverages on-demandmanufacturing andmass customization. Customizability Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 12
    13. 13. 3D-Printing “Sweet Spot” Tra di tion3D Printing al M anu facmanufacturing Current tur ing 3D Printingcosts will Near-Termgradually 3D Printing Costdecline, but(mostly)remain Long-Term Future 3D Printinguniform. Volume ( # of Units)Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 13
    14. 14. Industrial 3D Printing On Industrial 3D Printed Parts and Items: In the US and Europe, many 3D Printing bureaus have been operating the technology for as long as 20 yearsPepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 14
    15. 15. Example: Industrial Scenario Suppose a refinery or An on-site engineer Weeks later, a industrial complex has a takes photos, makes replacement is broken valve or other some drawings and constructed via casting, critical part. Further sends these to an milling or other suppose that this part is engineering firm, where traditional method and, no longer being another engineer often weeks later, manufactured, and the interprets the drawings shipped to the location, original manufacturer is and designs a often going through no longer in business. replacement. Customs (with possible delays), across borders or from overseas.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 15
    16. 16. Solution: Edge Manufacturing Immediately & On-Demand:An on-site engineer “Winning” Certified Replacement part is Network automatically locates uploads manufacturer designed, anywhere in closest Edge Manufacturers todrawings/photos (or 3D Prints the part the world the delivery location and bids forhis own 3D Design) best deal to the Cloud Site is operational and Locally 3D Printed part, is immediately productive delivered to nearby customer without delay This example uses the again quickly by shipping or customs patented Kraftwurx Edge Manufacturing Network Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 16
    17. 17. Solution: Edge ManufacturingOn demand – only make Ultimate Green: Made local – Not what is needed, just in Little to no waste, shipped or trucked time uses less power from distant manufacturersPepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 17
    18. 18. Solution: Edge Manufacturing Skilled Labor What used to require a highly skilled operator with a deep background in many complex methods and techniques to machine, lathe, mill, etc., has been replaced by a computer controlled machine. Once the 3D Design is loaded into the fabricator’s memory, the machine makes the item the same way, every time. Removing the need for skilled labor to operate the machine, removes much of the barrier to produce that item at affordable price points.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 18
    19. 19. Global MarketGlobal GDP ( USD )~ 70 Trillion USD Global ManufacturingValue Added ( %of GDP) 16% =~ 12 Trillion USD 3D Printing MarketPenetration (%) ~10% = ~ 1.2 Trillion USDSource: 2012 Wohler’s Report Source: 2012 Wohler’s Report Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 19
    20. 20. Example: Military Scenario Imagine that an Army tank breaks down and the nearest replacement part is misfiled at a supply depot, located somewhere in an endless sea of shipping containers. The next closest replacement part is thousands of miles away. An Edge Manufacturing network could analyze the part, its destination, materials, and other factors required to produce the part and find an appropriate facility and deliver it within days instead of weeks or months. The army is now deploying helicopter-delivered mobile fabrication labs, called equipped with 3D printers, computer-assisted milling machines, and laser, plasma, and water cutters. Parts can be made of plastic, steel, and aluminum..Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 20
    21. 21. Edge Manufacturing Profile: KraftwurxKraftwurx CEO Chris Norman:“We produce everything as close to thecustomer as possible, often in the same cityor state. This reduces waste and shipping,which also gives Kraftwurx a low carbonfootprint.With our growing network of more than 110+Smart Grid™ production facilitiesworldwide, Kraftwurx is establishing the newstandard for socially responsible,environmentally friendly EdgeManufacturing.”Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 21
    22. 22. Edge Manufacturing Profile: KraftwurxKraftwurx CEO Chris Norman:“Kraftwurx uses EDGE manufacturing ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪methodology and JIT or Just-In-Time ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪✪✪✪✪ ✪✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪✪✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪manufacturing. An Edge manufacturing ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪network attempts to place the orders as ✪✪ ✪✪✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪✪ ✪✪ ✪close to the consumer as possible. It is a ✪ ✪✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪distributed manufacturing model. 110+ Smart Grid™ production facilities worldwideProducts produced on Kraftwurx are produced at more than 110 discretemanufacturing facilities located around the world. Facilities are in Germany,the UK, Canada, the USA, Singapore, Thailand, Russia, Japan, Australia andNew Zealand. Kraftwurx has more than 500,000 sf of manufacturing floor splitbetween the more than 110 facilities.”Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 22
    23. 23. Edge Manufacturing Profile: KraftwurxKraftwurx’s Digital Factory Provides:1. Load Balancing-Using AI to make determinations about where and how tosend orders to optimize output2. Location analysis & Determination: Finding the best location for outputbased on many factors typical in manufacturing3. Part Design analysis and quality checks: Ensuring that the model to beproduced can be produced, will be suitably strong and durable for its purpose4. Material Optimization: Making sure the best materials are chosen for thedesign intent5. Design Intent analysis: Ensuring that the part is optimized including FEAanalysis(will it break)6. Nesting of parts: In a load-balanced system, ensuring optimum productionscheduling7. Global SmartGrid™Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 23
    24. 24. Summary & Conclusions ★ 3D Printed parts can be made to be as strong, or stronger, than parts made via traditional manufacturing methods ★ Parts can be made in hours or days, compared to weeks or even months with traditional methods, with cost savings up to 10x or more ★ The finished 3D Printed product, such as aviation components, can be up to 60% lighter, compared to traditionally machined part ★ Can be complete one-piece item, without need for welds or fasteners ★ 3D Printing does not require the tooling, setup and experienced and skilled labor that traditional manufacturing methods require ★ Can build new classes of items with complex geometries that are not possible with traditional methods ★ The time to take a digital design from concept to production is dropping, with some estimates it will drop another 50%-80%Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 24
    25. 25. Summary & Conclusions 3D Printing and Edge Manufacturing will change what we make and how we make it. Whether the need is for: ★A new and possibly highly customized part or product ★Or, just a relatively small number of them ★Or, you need to support legacy infrastructure with quick replacement of no-longer-being-made parts ★Or, you need a product with complex features or geometries traditional manufacturing cannot make ★Or, you simply cannot wait for the longer traditional manufacturing cycle, and shipping and even customs or similar delays Edge Manufacturing fundamentally changes the equation.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 25
    26. 26. About the Authors Chris Norman is CEO of Kraftwurx and Digital Reality, the first and only B2B & B2C mass- customization system for 3D Printing. Mr. Norman is a member of the Direct Digital Manufacturing sub-committee to the Society of Manufacturing Engineers and 16 year member of SME. Mr. Norman earned his MBA in Technology Management from the University of Phoenix and a BS in Manufacturing Engineering from Texas A&M University. Contact Chris at chris@kraftwurx.com, and www.linkedin.com/pub/chris-norman/b/7b0/b12.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 26
    27. 27. About the Authors Patrick Seaman is Chief Technology Advisor to Pepperwood Partners and COO of the social publishing platform company WhichBox Media. Seaman is the former COO of the video eCommerce company Cinsay, and former Director of Technology at Broadcast.com. Patrick serves on the Advisory Board of Kraftwurx Inc, and Qples, Inc. and on the University of Texas at Dallas School of Natural Sciences & Mathematics Advisory Council, and is an IEEE member. Contact Patrick at patrick@pepperwoodpartners.com, patrick@patrickseaman.com and www.linkedin.com/in/patrickseaman/.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 27
    28. 28. 3D Printing News “3D printing is going to be a Is this “the PC all over again?” huge industry because its much Machines that turn digital more efficient than traditional objects (bits) into physical manufacturing. The main objects are “Pioneering a whole reason is that the current way new way of making things – one to manufacture things is to chip that could rewrite the rules of away at a block or sheets of raw manufacturing in much the material, whereas 3D printing same way that the PC laid adds raw material as needed. waste to traditional computing” Current manufacturing – The Economist processes create as much as 90% waste.” – Business InsiderPepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 28
    29. 29. 3D Printing News “Why I left Wired “Honestly, I think that 3D Magazine – Printing will grow to 3D Printing Will Be become the biggest, the Bigger Than The most important, the most Web.” strategic manufacturing – Chris Anderson technology ever,” – Terry former Wohlers, President Wired Magazine Wohler’s Inc. Editor in ChiefPepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 29
    30. 30. 3D Printing News The Obama “This institute will help make Administration sure that the manufacturing invested $1 billion for jobs of tomorrow take root not in places like China or India, but the National Network right here in the United States for Manufacturing of America. That’s how we’ll put Innovation (NNMI) to more people back to work and accelerate research for build an economy that lasts.” – 3D Printing and to President Barack Obama create a national on the investment into network of 15 National Additive innovation hubs Manufacturing Innovation Institute (NAMII)Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 30
    31. 31. 3D Printing News “We may not fully realize it General Electric yet, but we are at the dawn (GE) Aviation of the next Industrial Revolution with 3D Printing. It purchased Morris has the potential to Technologies, one fundamentally disrupt how of the largest 3D complex products like jet engines are designed and Printing companies made in the future” that manufactures -Michael Idelchik, direct parts with VP Advanced Technologies GE Global Research metalPepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 31
    32. 32. About Pepperwood Partners Pepperwood Partners is a boutique investment banking advisory firm headquartered in Dallas, Texas. Pepperwood provides a suite of investment banking advisory services to businesses in the Two Lincoln Centre technology, media, telecom, 5420 LBJ Freeway, Suite 535 nanotechnology, energy and Dallas, Texas 75240 USA +1 214.442.6056 alternative asset sectors. With a info@pepperwoodpartners.com strong focus on institutional relationships in the Russian, Learn more at: European, and CIS regions, www.PepperwoodPartners.com Pepperwood works with businesses to achieve capitalization and growth objectives.Pepperwood Partners© All Rights Reserved March 2013 Page 32

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