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3D printer Technology _ A complete presentation

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3D printer Technology _ A complete presentation

  1. 1. 3D Printing (A Factory on your desk) Presented By: Vijay Patil
  2. 2. CONTENTS
  3. 3. PRINTING  Printing is a process for reproducing text and images.  DEVICE USED –PRINTER Types Of Printers  Dot matrix  Ink Jet  Laser  Lcd
  4. 4. The first working 3D printer was created in 1984 by Charles Deckard Hull of 3D Systems Corp He named the technique as Stereo lithography and obtained a patent for the technique in 1986. HISTORY OF 3D PRINTING
  5. 5. HISTORY OF 3D PRINTERS 1984 Charles (Chuck) Hull developed the first 3D printer and named the technique as Stereo lithography. Later 1990’s Other Companies developed 3d printer’s. 2005 Z Corp launched first high definition color 3D printer. Oral ****
  6. 6.  It is a method of converting a virtual 3D model into a physical object. where a 3D object is created by laying down successive layers of material Definition:- 3D + Printing = 3D Printing or “Additive Manufacturing”
  7. 7.  You only need a printer, raw material, and software to tell the printer what to print. Working
  9. 9. STEP 2 The CAD file is exported to a 3D printing machine.
  10. 10. LAYER BY LAYER
  12. 12. Working
  13. 13.  Selective laser sintering (SLS)  Stereo lithography (SL)  Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Different methods
  14. 14. 1 .SLS method Selective laser sintering (SLS) is an additi that uses a high power laser (for example small particles of plastic, metal (direct m glass powders into a mass that has a desir
  15. 15. • Add video
  16. 16. 2 .STEREOLITHOGRAPHY Stereo lithography is an additive manufacturing process using a vat of liquid UV- curable photopolymer ”resin” and a UV laser to build parts a layer at a time.
  17. 17. 3.Fused deposition modeling (FDM) Fused deposition modeling (FDM) is an additive manufacturing technology commonly used for modeling, prototypin g, and production applications.
  19. 19. Add video
  20. 20. BIG SIZE : oral… Massive or giant printer size of printer
  21. 21. Small Size :
  23. 23. 3D Printing Medical Food Games & Entertainment Do It YourselfPop-Culture Defense & Space Fashion & Retail
  24. 24.  Designers use 3D printers to quickly create product models and prototypes. Oral **** INDUSTRIAL DESIGN
  25. 25.  Automotive printers to ma  2010 Urbee the firs presented. Th entire body p It has three w Oral **** AUTOMOTIVE AND AVIATION INDUSTRIES
  26. 26.  Artists can create models of projects. Oral **** ARCHITECTURE
  27. 27.  In food preparation, to ap or paste form such as chee chocolate. • In Jul, 2011 • Led by the University of Exe • The University of Brunel • and application developer • researchers in UK • have presented the world's FOOD PREPARATION
  28. 28.  Physicians can use 3D printing to make hearing aids, artificial teeth, and bone grafts. • 3D printed Jaw Oral **** MEDICAL INDUSTRY
  30. 30. Toys, lots of toys...
  31. 31. Making: Replacements
  32. 32. Complex Structure
  33. 33. Complex Structure
  34. 34. Animated Characters Sony pictures was the first to embrace the concept of 3D printing to create characters for the movie Pirates – A Band of Misfits. Games & Entertain ment
  35. 35. Artificial Arms for Disabled Richard Van As, a South African carpenter, assembles a Robohand and fits it to Liam Dippenaar. Liam was born without fingers on his right hand. Makerbot provided them with the 3D printing technology that they used to print the parts for the Robohand. Medical
  36. 36. Print @ Home Microsoft will provide support for 3D printers in the next update of its Windows 8 operating system. The firm has struck deals with a number of major 3D printer makers including Makerbot, 3D Systems, Formlabs, Dassault and Stratasys. Under the deal they will develop automatically- loading driver software that will ease 3D printer set-up at home. Do It Yourself
  37. 37. Components on Demand To prepare for a future where parts can be built on-demand in space, Made in Space, the space manufacturing company, has partnered with NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center to launch the first 3D printer to space. Made in Space’s customized 3D printer will be the first device to manufacture parts away from planet Earth. The 3D printing in Zero-G Experiment will validate the capability of additive manufacturing (AM) in zero-gravity. Do It Yourself
  38. 38. “Liberator” Defense Distributed successfully test fired the world's first 3D-printed handgun named Liberator. All 16 parts of the gun are made from a tough, heat-resistant plastic used in products such as musical instruments, kitchen appliances and vehicle bumper bars. Fifteen of those are made with a 3D printer while one is a non-functional metal part which can be picked up by metal detectors, making it legal under U.S. law. The firing pin is also not made of plastic, though it is easily crafted from a metal nail. Defense & Space
  39. 39. Rep Rap Model: RepRapPr o Huxley Price: $599 Eventorbot Model: Delta Micro Up Afinia H-Series Price: $1,500 Printrbot Model: Printrbot GO Price: $1,500 Makerbot Model: Replicator 2x Price: $2,800 The Future is 3D Model: Glacier Steel Price: 3000 3D Systems Model: CubeX Price: $3000 Formlabs Model: Form 1 Price: $3,300 Stratasys Model: U print SE Plus Price: $15,000 Cost of 3D Printers
  40. 40. Price : Rs 6,00,000 LOW END Maximum part size: 12.7 x 12.7 x 12.7 cm (5 x 5 x 5 in)
  41. 41. MID RANGE Price : 1crore Maximum part size: 340 340 200 mm (13.4 13.4 7.9 in.)
  42. 42. HIGH END Price : 5 crores Maximum part size: 39.3 31.4 19.6 in.
  43. 43. Specifications or Build Envelope Size & Weight Layer Thickness Modeling Material Support Material Price 203 x 152 x 152 mm(8 x 6 x 6 in) 635 x 660 x 787 mm(25 x 26 x 31 in)76 kg (168 lbs)(with one material bay) .254 mm (.010 in) ABSplus in ivory only. Soluble only $14,900 (8,03,043)
  44. 44. c Adoption over time
  45. 45.  RAPID PROTOTYPING: 3D printing gives designers the ability to quickly turn concepts into 3D models or prototypes (a.k.a., rapid prototyping).  Clean process. Wastage of material is negligible.(oral ..)  Complex shape can be produced .  EASY TO USE No skilled person needed.  REDUCE DESIGN COMPLEXITY  CHEAP Cheaper process than any other process.(oral…)  People in remote locations can fabricate objects that would otherwise be inaccessible to them. ADVANTAGES
  46. 46.  Process is slow  Components do not have enough strength.  COST OF RAW MATERIALS  3-D printers are still expensive.  Misuse of technology  Although 3-D printers have the potential of creating many jobs and opportunities, they might also put certain jobs at risk . Oral….below example (for example, you can make your toys at home so toy stores and toy makers might go out of business). DISADVANTAGES
  47. 47.  With today's 3D printers, if you lose your TV remote's battery cover you can print a replacement battery cover. With tomorrow's, if you lose your remote, you'll be able to print a new remote.  3D printers are always getting cheaper and better.  There is currently research going on to create 3D printers that could print out organs for people in need of a transplant.  Within a decade, 3D printers will become commonplace in houses. The benefits of such technology are endless. FUTURE
  48. 48. Due to economies of scale, traditional manufacturing techniques are likely to always be much faster and far more efficient when mass production is required. Mass produced objects are still substantially cheaper to manufacture than their 3D-printed counterparts due to the costs of feedstock material ($35-$45/kg ). 3D printers are extremely useful for creating prototypes, highly customized items, or small production runs. Consumer could print dinner plates at home, but would cost 30 times more than simply buying them at a store. 3D printing is a lot like paper printing. Making fifty copies on a printer or photocopier is economical and reasonable, but making a thousand copies shifts the advantage to an offset press. Reference :Deloitte tmt predictions_2012 3D Printing- Costing
  49. 49. References aphics .com .com
  50. 50. Relatively New Technology. No restrictions on industry. Significant decrease in product development cycle and costs. Full effects on business and society still not know. Resistance to change. Conclusion
  51. 51. “The future can not be predicted, but it can be made !”