Printing is a process for reproducing text and images.
DEVICE USED –PRINTER
Types Of Printers
The first working 3D printer was
created in 1984 by Charles Deckard
Hull of 3D Systems Corp
He named the technique as Stereo
lithography and obtained a patent for
the technique in 1986.
HISTORY OF 3D PRINTING
HISTORY OF 3D PRINTERS
Charles (Chuck) Hull developed the first 3D printer and
named the technique as Stereo lithography.
Other Companies developed 3d printer’s.
Z Corp launched first high definition color 3D printer.
It is a method of
converting a virtual 3D
model into a physical
where a 3D object is
created by laying down
successive layers of
3D + Printing = 3D Printing or “Additive
You only need a printer, raw material, and
software to tell the printer what to print.
Do It YourselfPop-Culture
Designers use 3D printers to quickly create product
models and prototypes.
printers to ma
Urbee the firs
entire body p
It has three w
AUTOMOTIVE AND AVIATION
Artists can create models of
In food preparation, to ap
or paste form such as chee
• In Jul, 2011
• Led by the University of Exe
• The University of Brunel
• and application developer
• researchers in UK
• have presented the world's
Physicians can use 3D printing to make hearing aids, artificial
teeth, and bone grafts.
• 3D printed Jaw
Sony pictures was the first to embrace
the concept of 3D printing to create
characters for the movie Pirates – A
Band of Misfits.
Artificial Arms for Disabled
Richard Van As, a South African
carpenter, assembles a Robohand and
fits it to Liam Dippenaar. Liam was
born without fingers on his right hand.
Makerbot provided them with the 3D
printing technology that they used to
print the parts for the Robohand.
Print @ Home
Microsoft will provide support for 3D
printers in the next update of its
Windows 8 operating system. The firm
has struck deals with a number of
major 3D printer makers including
Makerbot, 3D Systems, Formlabs,
Dassault and Stratasys. Under the
deal they will develop automatically-
loading driver software that will ease
3D printer set-up at home.
Components on Demand
To prepare for a future where parts
can be built on-demand in
space, Made in Space, the space
manufacturing company, has
partnered with NASA’s Marshall Space
Flight Center to launch the first 3D
printer to space. Made in Space’s
customized 3D printer will be the first
device to manufacture parts away
from planet Earth. The 3D printing in
Zero-G Experiment will validate the
capability of additive manufacturing
(AM) in zero-gravity.
Defense Distributed successfully test
fired the world's first 3D-printed
handgun named Liberator.
All 16 parts of the gun are made from
a tough, heat-resistant plastic used in
products such as musical instruments,
kitchen appliances and vehicle
bumper bars. Fifteen of those are
made with a 3D printer while one is a
non-functional metal part which can be
picked up by metal detectors, making
it legal under U.S. law. The firing pin is
also not made of plastic, though it is
easily crafted from a metal nail.
Cost of 3D Printers
Price : Rs 6,00,000
Maximum part size:
12.7 x 12.7 x 12.7 cm (5 x 5 x 5 in)
Price : 1crore
Maximum part size:
340 340 200 mm (13.4 13.4 7.9 in.)
Price : 5 crores
Maximum part size:
39.3 31.4 19.6 in.
203 x 152
mm(8 x 6
x 6 in)
635 x 660
26 x 31
RAPID PROTOTYPING: 3D printing gives designers the ability to quickly
turn concepts into 3D models or prototypes (a.k.a., rapid prototyping).
Clean process. Wastage of material is negligible.(oral ..)
Complex shape can be produced .
EASY TO USE No skilled person needed.
REDUCE DESIGN COMPLEXITY
CHEAP Cheaper process than any other process.(oral…)
People in remote locations can fabricate objects that would otherwise be
inaccessible to them.
Process is slow
Components do not have enough strength.
COST OF RAW MATERIALS
3-D printers are still expensive.
Misuse of technology
Although 3-D printers have the potential of creating many
jobs and opportunities, they might also put certain jobs at
(for example, you can make your toys at home so toy stores and
toy makers might go out of business).
With today's 3D printers, if you lose your TV remote's battery cover
you can print a replacement battery cover. With tomorrow's, if you
lose your remote, you'll be able to print a new remote.
3D printers are always getting cheaper and better.
There is currently research going on to create 3D printers that
could print out organs for people in need of a transplant.
Within a decade, 3D printers will become commonplace in houses.
The benefits of such technology are endless.
Due to economies of scale, traditional
manufacturing techniques are likely to
always be much faster and far more
efficient when mass production is required.
Mass produced objects are still
substantially cheaper to manufacture than
their 3D-printed counterparts due to the
costs of feedstock material ($35-$45/kg ).
3D printers are extremely useful for
creating prototypes, highly customized
items, or small production runs.
Consumer could print dinner plates at
home, but would cost 30 times more than
simply buying them at a store.
3D printing is a lot like paper printing.
Making fifty copies on a printer or
photocopier is economical and reasonable,
but making a thousand copies shifts the
advantage to an offset press.
Reference :Deloitte tmt
3D Printing- Costing
Relatively New Technology.
No restrictions on industry.
Significant decrease in product development cycle and
Full effects on business and society still not know.
Resistance to change.
“The future can not be predicted,
but it can be made !”