Basalt rock fibre

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Basalt rock fibre

  1. 1. NEW CONSTRUCTION TECH. & MATERIAL BASALT ROCK FIBRE
  2. 2. <ul><li>Basalt is well known as a rock found in virtually every country round the world. Basalt Rock fibres have no toxic reaction with air or water, are non-combustible and explosion proof. </li></ul><ul><li>Basalt base composites can replace steel and known reinforced plastics (1 kg of basalt reinforces equals 9.6 kg of steel) . </li></ul>BASALT
  3. 3. Low cost, high performance fibres offer the potential to solve the largest problem in the cement and concrete industry, cracking and structural failure of concrete. BECAUSE OF THE HIGHER PERFORMANCE (STRENGTH, TEMPERATURE RANGE, AND DURABILITY) AND LOWER POTENTIAL COST PREDICTED FOR BASALT FIBERS, THEY HAVE THE POTENTIAL TO COST EFFECTIVELY REPLACE FIBERGLASS, STEEL FIBER, POLYPROPYLENE, POLYETHYLENE, POLYESTER, ARAMID AND CARBON FIBER PRODUCTS IN MANY APPLICATIONS. SCOPE
  4. 4. <ul><li>They have no toxic action with air & water. </li></ul><ul><li>Very high chemical resistance. </li></ul><ul><li>Basalt is the best reinforcement for concrete due to its tensile strength </li></ul><ul><li>Noise absorption qualities </li></ul><ul><li>Basalt based composites can efficiently replace steel and all known reinforced plastics. </li></ul><ul><li>Water absorption </li></ul><ul><li>Melting temperatures & Working temperatures up to 600ºC. </li></ul>ADVANTAGES OF BASALT ROCK FIBERS:
  5. 5. Construction Road Construction Underground Construction Engineering Network Agriculture FIELD APPLICATION OF BASALT ROCK FIBRE:
  6. 6. Basalt Reinforcement Rod Continuous Basalt Fibre Basalt Geotextile Basalt reinforcing mesh BASALT ROCK FIBRE PRODUCTS:
  7. 7. 1 Basalt Reinforcement Rods: Advantages Basalt rod over Steel rebar: Higher specific strength Resistant to corrosion coefficient of thermal expansion No permanent deformation when bent Chemically inert Application of Basalt Reinforcement Rod
  8. 8. 2 Basalt Geotextile (Reinforcing Linens and Nets): Advantages of Basalt Geotextile: <ul><li>They are made of natural raw material (natural chemical composition provides chemical stability and resistance). </li></ul>2. They are non-inflammable and they can carry out distributed load. 3. The cost is 4-5 lower than other geotextile material. Application of Basalt Geotextile:
  9. 9. 3 Continuous Basalt Fibre: Application of Continuous Basalt Fibre: <ul><li>ADVANTAGED OF CBF TECHNOLOGIES </li></ul><ul><li>Only one component – basalt, which is an enviromently safe natural material – is used for CBF production; </li></ul><ul><li>2. Cost of basalt raw material is very low; the share of raw material’s cost in the final cost of production is less than 5%; </li></ul><ul><li>3. CBF production technology consists of only one phase – melting. There is no need for primary enrichment, fusion and homogenization, as all of those were made for free by nature; </li></ul><ul><li>4. To make CBF basalt should be heated up only one time; </li></ul><ul><li>5. Further processing of CBF into materials does not require energy; it’s made with application of “cold technologies&quot;. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 4. Basalt reinforcing mesh Basalt reinforcing mesh is designed for reinforcing road and highway overlays to prolong the pavement lifespan by reducing the effects of reflective cracking caused by traffic loading, age hardening and temperature cycling. Pavement life between maintenance can be prolonged significantly. Basalt reinforcing mesh makes it possible to reduce thickness of asphalt concrete pavement up to 20%.
  11. 11. Advantages and benefits 1.Higher mechanical strength and modulus, 2.More resistive to chemical aggressive environment than E-glass mesh. 3.Lower cost and better mechanical properties than for mesh made of special glassfiber. 4.The melting point of basalt fibers is 1450°C. 5.Lower elongation before brake than for synthetic material. 6.Easily milled using typical milling equipment. Does not stretch and pull as polymer meshes. 7.No special equipment is required to install the reinforcement. 8.Basalt mesh is environment friendly and based on naturally occurring material that is found worldwide
  12. 12. <ul><li>Basalt Rock As Raw Material: </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Properties: </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical composition basalt rock: </li></ul><ul><li>Region of Basalt Rock in India: </li></ul><ul><li>Plant layout: </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Process of Continuous Basalt Fibre (CBF): </li></ul><ul><li>Process Description: </li></ul><ul><li>The Main Characteristics of the Plant </li></ul>Basalt Rock Fibre Manufacturing Technique:
  13. 13. Basalt Rock As Raw Material:
  14. 14. <ul><li>High tensile strength, </li></ul><ul><li>quite durable, </li></ul><ul><li>Alkali & acids resistant, </li></ul><ul><li>High thermal conductivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Completely inert with no environmental risks. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Properties: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Chemical Name: Basic volcanic igneous rock from calc-alkali series. Chemical structure: Table No. 1.3 Chemical composition basalt rock: Chemical compound % weight of basalt SiO 2 49,58 TiO 2 2,08 Al 2 O 3 14,48 Fe 2 O 3 4,42 FeO 9,43 K2O 1,89 Na2O 2,10 MgO 5,10 CaO 8,50 MnO 0,17
  16. 16. <ul><li>Region of Basalt Rock in India: </li></ul><ul><li>Basalt rock (Decan Trap) an area of about 500,000 square KM cover large part of the Maharashtra, </li></ul><ul><li>Kutch, </li></ul><ul><li>Saurashtra, </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat, </li></ul><ul><li>Decan, </li></ul><ul><li>Central India, </li></ul><ul><li>Madhya Pradesh, </li></ul><ul><li>Hyderabad region etc. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Configuration: 1. Batch silos: raw material supply, 2. Weighing, dosing and mixing, 3. Transport, 4. Batch charging, 5. Melting Furnace, 6. Forehearths, 7. Bushings, (continuous filament formation), 8. Sizing application, 9. Strand formation, 10. Traversing, 11. Automated winder . Plant layout:
  18. 18. Basalt Rock fibres have no toxic reaction with air or water, are non-combustible and explosion proof. When in contact with other chemicals they produce no chemical reactions that may damage health or the environment. Basalt base composites can replace steel and known reinforced plastics (1 kg of basalt reinforces equals 9.6 kg of steel) . Basalt can replace almost all applications of asbestos and has three times its heat insulating properties. Basalt is well known as a rock found in virtually every country round the world. Basalt rock is more in India (specially in Maharashtra). The cost of basalt is 10 times lower than that of raw materials for fibreglass. Basalt is more available than any other raw material. Also the melting temperature is lower, thus energy consumption lower. Thus, the cost of basalt fibre is considerable lower than that of similar materials. More workers are not required to operate the manufacturing plant. Thus, I conclude that we can install the First project in India (Maharashtra). Conclusion:
  19. 19. Thank you

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