Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Use of plastic waste in road construction

148,127 views

Published on

plastic waste in road construction

Published in: Business
  • Visit Here to Download PDF eBook === http://ebookdfsrewsa.justdied.com/2744626252-gestion-et-comptabilite-bp-coiffure-350-c-livre-du-professeur.html
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Visit Here to Read PDF Format === http://ebookdfsrewsa.justdied.com/B007LFH1BI-nouveau-detective-le-no-1363-du-29-10-2008-charleroi-son-pere-devait-80-euros-pour-des-travaux-l-artisan-se-venge-en-brulant-vive-sa-fille-de-9-ans-sheffield-le-petit-garcon-dany-a-retrouve-les-assassins-de-sa-mere-grace-au-site-internet-qui-a-tue-maman-paris-l-autre-histoire-d-amour-qui-chamboule-l-elysee-le-labrador-du-president-et-le-chihuahua-de-carla-bruni-valence-une-mamie-de-80-ans-fait-echec-a-un-promoteur-immobilier-palerme.html
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • ..............ACCESS that WEBSITE Over for All Ebooks ................ ......................................................................................................................... DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Use of plastic waste in road construction

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2.  plastic waste - hazard to the environment.  plastics waste - construction of flexible pavement. Plastic Road At Thambaram (2007) 2
  3. 3. What is plastic?? A material that contains one or more organic polymers of large molecular weight, solid in its finished state and at some state while manufacturing or processing into finished articles, can be shaped by its flow.  Types of plastics 1.Thermosets. 2.Elastomers. 3.Thermoplastics. 3
  4. 4. 1. solids or semi solid materials 2. light yellow to darkbrown in colour 3. carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. 4. globules on the bark . 4
  5. 5. 1. derived primarily from petroleum. 2. polystyrene, polyesters and acrylics 3. used in the manufacture of varnishes, plastics, adhesives and rubber. 5
  6. 6. 1. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET,PETE) 2. Density polyethylene(HDPE) 3. Vinyl(Poly vinyl chloride or PVC) 4. Low Density Polyethylene(LDPE) 5. Polypropylene(PP) 6
  7. 7. 1. Segregation . 2. Cleaning process . 3. Shredding process . 4. Collection process . 7
  8. 8. › plastic waste collected from various sources must be separated from other waste. › Maximum thickness of 60 microns. SEGREGATION PROCESS 8
  9. 9.  Plastic waste get cleaned and dried. cleaning process 9
  10. 10.  will be shredded or cut into small piece.  the different types of plastic wastes are mixed together shredding process 10
  11. 11.  the plastic waste retaining in 2.36 mm is collected. collected plastic 11
  12. 12.  There are two type of field trials 1.Dry process 2.Wet process 12
  13. 13.  The aggregate is heated to 170°C in the Mini hot Mix Plant . Heated aggregates 13
  14. 14.  the shredded plastic waste is added in equal proportion. Adding shredded plastic 14
  15. 15. 15 Aggregate-plastic- Bitumen Mix •The mixture is transferred to the road and the road is laid. • Immediately the hot Bitumen 60/70 or 80/100 grade (160°C) is added .
  16. 16.  Waste plastics by direct mixing with hot bitumen at 160°C  Mechanical stirrer is needed  Addition of stabilizers and proper cooling.  Since the wet process require a lot of investment and bigger plants  Not commonly used.. 16
  17. 17. 1 Binding property  Plastic is a good binder. BINDING PROPERTY % of plastic coating over aggregate Compressive strength (MPa) Bending strength (MPa) 10% 250 325 20% 270 335 30% 290 350 40% 320 390 17
  18. 18.  2 Thermal study Thermal study 18
  19. 19.  that the use of higher percentage of plastics in polymer modified bitumen is not favorable. Polymer modified bitumen 19
  20. 20. 1 .Aggregate impact value  plastics improves aggregate impact value.  helps to improve the quality of flexible pavement Aggregate impact value 20
  21. 21. 2.Los Angel’s Abrasion Test  wear and tear values of plastic coated aggregate is found to be decreasing the percentage of plastics  (Eg.37% without plastic, 32% with 1% plastic and 29% with 2% plastic) 3.Soundness Test  The plastic coated aggregate, did not show any weight loss, improvement in the quality of the aggregate. 21
  22. 22.  Use higher percentage of plastic waste.  Reduce the need of bitumen by around 10%.  Increase the strength and performance of the road.  Reduce the cost to around Rs. 5000/Km. of single lane road.  Generate jobs for rag pickers.  Develop a technology, which is eco- friendly. 22
  23. 23. 1. Cleaning process  Toxics present in the co-mingled plastic waste would d start leaching. 2. During the road laying process  But the presence of chlorine will definitely release noxious HCL gas. 23
  24. 24.  The components of the road, once it has been laid, are not inert.  It is opined that the first rain will trigger leaching. As the plastics will merely form a sticky layer, (mechanical abrasion).  once the road is started to be used will cause the release of fine polymer particles.  When air-borne, these will cause a particulate problem. 24
  25. 25.  Plastic will increase the melting point of the bitumen  use of the innovative technology not only strengthened the road construction but also increased the road life  Help to improve the environment .  plastic road would be a boon for India’s hot and extremely humid climate where durable and eco-friendly roads which will relive the earth from all type of plastic waste 25
  26. 26.  Vasudevan .R, utilization of waste plastics for flexible pavement, Indian High Ways (Indian Road Congress), Vol.34, No.7. (July 2006).  S.S.Verma,(2008),Roads from plastic waste, The Indian Concrete Journal ,pp.43-47  Kajal , N K S Pundhir , Sangita and A Chandra(2007), Use of waste plastics and copper slag for low cost bituminous roads, Journal Of Scientific and Industrial Research,Vol.66.pp.938-994  IRC, “Tentative Specifications for Bituminous Surface dressing Using Pre-coated Aggregates,” IRC: 48-1972, Indian Roads Congress  ISI, “Indian Standards Specifications for Roads Tar”, IS: 215, Indian standard Institution 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. 29

×