Verbs Nouns Interjections Pronouns Kinds of Part Of SpeechConjunctions Adjectives Prepositions Adverbs
Verbs Verbs are words used to express action, condition, or a state of being. Linking Verbs Action Verb Example : be Example : (to) [am, is, are, was, were, h Auxiliary Verbsvisualize, worship, feel, as been, are being, might Example :write, throw, appear, gro have am, might, would, be w, look, prove, etc. been, etc.], become, and seem
Nouns Nouns are words that name a person, place, thing or idea.Example : Mary Jane, Sumedang, chair Possessive Nouns To show ownership, one must add an apostrophe s to the end of a singular noun, or just an apostrophe to a plural noun.Example• Danny’s pen is on the chair.• Girls’ hair might be long.
Pronouns Pronouns are words used in place of nouns to shorten a repeated noun that has already been mentioned. The noun that the pronoun replaces is called the antecedent of the pronoun. Example :My girlfriend goes shopping a lot. She spends a bunch of money on garbage.In these last two sentences, ‘she’ is the pronoun, and ‘girlfriend’ is the antecedent. There are many forms of pronouns, such as personal, possessive, reflexive, intensive, indefinite, demonstrative, interrogative, relative and reciprocal.
Adjectives They add information to sentences by telling us more about nouns and pronouns, usually by describing, identifying, or quantifying those words. Adjectives usually come before the words they modify, but sometimes follow linking verbs.Examples : Amy is an excellent girl. That excellent girl is Amy. Quantifying adjectives come in the form of articles and numbers such as an, and a.
Adverb• An adverb is defined as a word that gives more information about a verb, adjective or other adverbs.• Example in the sentence: She runs slow, slow describes how sue performs the adjective, runs. In the sentence She runs very slow, very describes the adverb slow, and tells how slow she runs.• Most, but not all adverbs end in ly, but not all words that have ly in the end are adverbs. Ugly is an adjective. Supply can be a noun. Usualy, adverbs end in ly are from adjective + ly.
Preposition A preposition is a word, which shows relationships between other words in the sentence. Relationships between words can be in the form of time or space.A preposition always goes with a noun or pronoun, which is called the object of the preposition. The preposition and the object of the preposition together are called a prepositional phrase. Example : I went to your house yesterday. Don’t worry, she’ll be here in 15 minutes.
Conjunction • A conjunction is a word that connectswords, or groups of words, to tell somethingabout the relationship between these words. Example : are, and, or, but, and so (coordinating conjunctions) whether, though and because (subordinating conjunctions)
Interjection • An interjection is a word, or a short phrase used to express emotion or surprise. Interjections are often sentence fragments, or stand by themselves.• Interjections are also often used as commands, or as part of a protest. • Interjections are very important, and that’s why they are mentioned last, but not least, in the eight parts of speech. • Example : wow, yeah, geeze, ouch, well, hi
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