An Introduction to
Poetry for Fifth
Graders
Nicole Kerber
ED 205 Sec 01
Parts of a Poem
Alliteration Onomatopoeia Repetition
Rhyme Allegory Metaphor
Rhythm Hyperbole Simile
Paradox Oxymoron Allu...
Alliteration
The beginning letters of a set of words
are the same
Example:
“Loosen the light
Let it dance across the sky”
...
Rhyme
When two words have similar sounds in
their last syllables
Example:
“Faster than fairies, faster than witches,
Bridg...
v
Rhythm
The “beat” or alteration of stressed and
unstressed syllables
Example:
“I see my boat
Is still afloat”
Quit
Paradox
A statement which apparently
contradicts itself
Example:
“Thence
Shall life succeed in that it seems to fail”
-Rob...
Onomatopoeia
The sound of the word is like the sound
of the thing it is describing
Example:
“Pop, pop, pop!
Says the popco...
Allegory
Story where persons and events are meant to
represent something other than themselves
alone
Example: TIME
“Who’s ...
Hyperbole
An exaggeration
Example:
“Suddenly night leaves
And light takes its place
Shining like a ball of fire
Like a par...
Oxymoron
Two apparently opposite ideas are put
together (a squashed paradox)
Example:
“Freezing fire, burning ice”
-John M...
Repetition
Repeating words or whole groups of words
Example:
“Loosen the knot of birds.
Don’t ruffle the leaves.
Don’t rat...
Metaphor
Direct comparison without using the
words “like” or “as”
Example:
“Broken glass in the alley,
Broken glass in the...
Simile
Comparison using the words “like” or “as”
Example:
“Brave man
On a high wire
Above the spellbound crowd.
Like a spi...
Allusion
Reference to commonly known stories or
characters
Example:
“He was a very Hercules, and I a famous
coward”
Quit
Check for Understanding
Question One:
Which term does this poem represent?
Wonder what happened
To Flash Gordon and Tarzan...
Sorry! Try Again!
Quit
Good Job!
Question Two:
Which term does this poem represent?
Spring is here
And summer is near.
Winter is far,
And we’ll s...
Sorry! Try Again!
Quit
Good Job!
Question Three:
Which term does this poem represent?
My ears will be ringing
‘till I’m half deaf
A. Hyperbole or...
Sorry! Try Again!
Quit
Good Job!
Question Four:
Which term does this poem represent?
My apartment bulges out
Like a huge balloon.
A. Simile or B....
Sorry! Try Again!
Quit
Good Job!
Question Five:
Which term does this poem represent?
Crash violently
Cars burn. Rubber! Smash! BAM
Car explodes v...
Sorry! Try Again!
Quit
CONGRATULATIONS!
Quit
Resources
A Celebration of Bees: Helping Children Write
Poetry by Barbara Juster Esbensen
Poems Please! Sharing Poetry wit...
About the Author
Nicole Kerber is currently a
sophomore at Grand Valley
State University. She is
studying English and
Elem...
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An Introduction to Poetry for Fifth Graders

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This is an interactive PowerPoint that covers the basic terms of poetry. It is appropriate for the fifth grade classroom.

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An Introduction to Poetry for Fifth Graders

  1. 1. An Introduction to Poetry for Fifth Graders Nicole Kerber ED 205 Sec 01
  2. 2. Parts of a Poem Alliteration Onomatopoeia Repetition Rhyme Allegory Metaphor Rhythm Hyperbole Simile Paradox Oxymoron Allusion Resources About the Author CHECK FOR UNDERSTAND Fun Video for Some Review Quit
  3. 3. Alliteration The beginning letters of a set of words are the same Example: “Loosen the light Let it dance across the sky” -4th grader Quit
  4. 4. Rhyme When two words have similar sounds in their last syllables Example: “Faster than fairies, faster than witches, Bridges and houses, hedges and ditches.” -R.L. Stevenson QuitQuit
  5. 5. v Rhythm The “beat” or alteration of stressed and unstressed syllables Example: “I see my boat Is still afloat” Quit
  6. 6. Paradox A statement which apparently contradicts itself Example: “Thence Shall life succeed in that it seems to fail” -Robert Browning Quit
  7. 7. Onomatopoeia The sound of the word is like the sound of the thing it is describing Example: “Pop, pop, pop! Says the popcorn in the pan” -Louise Abney Quit
  8. 8. Allegory Story where persons and events are meant to represent something other than themselves alone Example: TIME “Who’s creeping around the clock so rapidly? Where are you going? Who are you? Round and round again. Every move you make screaming and scolding, ‘Rush! Rush! Hurry!’ STOP!” -Jennifer, age 13 Quit
  9. 9. Hyperbole An exaggeration Example: “Suddenly night leaves And light takes its place Shining like a ball of fire Like a parade Cymbals! Horns! Drums! You know the morning has arrived.” -Kim, age 11 Quit
  10. 10. Oxymoron Two apparently opposite ideas are put together (a squashed paradox) Example: “Freezing fire, burning ice” -John Milton Quit
  11. 11. Repetition Repeating words or whole groups of words Example: “Loosen the knot of birds. Don’t ruffle the leaves. Don’t rattle the trees. Don’t blow over the bike. Fold the rainbow neatly.” -Billy, age 9 Quit
  12. 12. Metaphor Direct comparison without using the words “like” or “as” Example: “Broken glass in the alley, Broken glass in the street. I am the city wind. I whip through slums On a rainy day.” -Tim, age 10 Quit
  13. 13. Simile Comparison using the words “like” or “as” Example: “Brave man On a high wire Above the spellbound crowd. Like a spider on its silk web, He glides.” -Joseph, age 13 Quit
  14. 14. Allusion Reference to commonly known stories or characters Example: “He was a very Hercules, and I a famous coward” Quit
  15. 15. Check for Understanding Question One: Which term does this poem represent? Wonder what happened To Flash Gordon and Tarzan- And sunny Sundays. A. Rhyme or B. Allusion Quit
  16. 16. Sorry! Try Again! Quit
  17. 17. Good Job! Question Two: Which term does this poem represent? Spring is here And summer is near. Winter is far, And we’ll sing about a star. A. Rhyme or B. Metaphor Quit
  18. 18. Sorry! Try Again! Quit
  19. 19. Good Job! Question Three: Which term does this poem represent? My ears will be ringing ‘till I’m half deaf A. Hyperbole or B. Onomatapoeia Quit
  20. 20. Sorry! Try Again! Quit
  21. 21. Good Job! Question Four: Which term does this poem represent? My apartment bulges out Like a huge balloon. A. Simile or B. Metaphor Quit
  22. 22. Sorry! Try Again! Quit
  23. 23. Good Job! Question Five: Which term does this poem represent? Crash violently Cars burn. Rubber! Smash! BAM Car explodes violently-AHH! But wait… -Bert, age 11 A. Allegory or B. Onomatopoeia Quit
  24. 24. Sorry! Try Again! Quit
  25. 25. CONGRATULATIONS! Quit
  26. 26. Resources A Celebration of Bees: Helping Children Write Poetry by Barbara Juster Esbensen Poems Please! Sharing Poetry with Children by David Booth and Bill Moore http://www.cccoe.net/social/images/g0501342.GIF Quit
  27. 27. About the Author Nicole Kerber is currently a sophomore at Grand Valley State University. She is studying English and Elementary Education. She is from Hopkins, Michigan. Her hobbies and interests include reading, movies, culture, travel, and spending time with loved ones. I would love to hear from you! Send me an email! Quit

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