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Introduction to Fiction


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meaning of fiction
types of fiction
categories of bad fiction
literary devices

Published in: Education
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Introduction to Fiction

  1. 1. Fiction Prepared by: Alexandria Rabo
  2. 2. What is Fiction? •A form of writing that is made up. •Refers to short story and novels. •Normally contains lessons, themes and messages about life.
  4. 4. MYTHS •involves gods and goddess, heroes and superbeings.
  5. 5. ADVENTURE •Stories that contains plot with an exciting involving risks and danger as its main theme.
  6. 6. LEGENDS •Stories that have historical basis that has been down from one generation to the next.
  7. 7. MYSTERY •Usually realistic about a mysterious events which is not explained a crime that is not solved until the end.
  8. 8. FANTASY •A fiction that contains elements that are not real.
  9. 9. SCIENCE FICTION •Stories which includes future technology or innovations.
  10. 10. REALISTIC FICTION •Stories that tell about a situation occurring in the real world. •Is often exaggerated situations, characaters. •Did not truly happen in reality but is possible.
  11. 11. HISTORICAL FICTION •Stories which took place in a particular time period in the past that includes facts about the time period. •Basic setting is real, but fictional characters.
  12. 12. FOLKTALES •Has simple characters who may be people of made up characters. •Passed down from generation to generation.
  13. 13. PLAY/DRAMA •Stories that were written for a performance in front of an audience.
  14. 14. FAIRYTALES •Has difficult problems to solve. •Involves entities such as dwarfs, fairies, giants, mermaids, witches. •Usually contains magic or enchantments.
  15. 15. FABLES Story where the animals are able to act like humans.
  16. 16. SHORT STORIES •Limits characterizations •Usually 2,000 to 6,000 words •Has 8-24 pages
  17. 17. NOVELLA •Halfway of a story and a novel that has at least 50 to 150 pages.
  18. 18. NOVEL •A long narrative work of fiction •Contains 250 pages and above
  19. 19. Varieties of Plot Pattern
  20. 20. OVERCOMINGTHE MONSTER •The protagonist sets out to defeat an antagonistic force which threatens the protagonist and their homeland.
  21. 21. RAGSTO RICHES •The poor protagonist acquires things such as power, wealth, and a mate, before losing it all and gaining it back upon growing as a person.
  22. 22. THE QUEST •The protagonist and some companions set out to acquire an important object or to get to a location, facing many obstacles and temptations along the way.
  23. 23. VOYAGE AND RETURN •The protagonist goes to a strange land and, after overcoming the threats it poses to him or her, returns with experience.
  24. 24. COMEDY •Light and humorous character with a happy or cheerful ending. •a dramatic work in which the central motif is the triumph over adverse circumstance, resulting in a successful or happy conclusion
  25. 25. COMEDY •It refers to a pattern where the conflict becomes more and more confusing, but is at last made plain in a single clarifying event. Most romances fall into this category.
  26. 26. TRAGEDY •The protagonist is a hero with one major character flaw or great mistake which is ultimately their undoing. • Their unfortunate end evokes pity at their folly and the fall of a fundamentally 'good' character.
  27. 27. REBIRTH •During the course of the story, an important event forces the main character to change their ways, often making them a better person.
  28. 28. Literary Techniques
  29. 29. • FORESHADOWING • Early clues on what might happen in the future • THEME • Central topic • SYMBOLISM • Represents idea, quality concepts • DIALOGUE • Conversation between two or more characters.
  30. 30. •ATMOSPHERE • Prevailing emotional and mental climate of a fiction. •STRUCTURE • The way time moves in a novel •PANEL • Same story told from different point of views
  31. 31. •POINT OFVIEW •The perspective of the narrator who will present the action to the reader. 1.First Person- the narrator is a character in the story and tells the story from his or her perspective.
  32. 32. 2. Second Person - told from the perspective of “you”. 3.Third Person - narrator is not a character in the story. - uses “he/she/it”
  33. 33. 3.Third Person •Third Person Limited: •Limited means that the POV is limited to only one character •Which means that the narrator only knows what that character knows.
  34. 34. •Third Person Multiple: •This type is still in the "he/she/it" category, but now the narrator can follow multiple characters in the story. •The challenge is making sure that the reader knows when you are switching from one character to another.
  35. 35. •Third Person Omniscient: •This point of view still uses the "he/she/it" narration but now the narrator knows EVERYTHING. •The narrator can know things that others don't, can make comments about what's happening, and can see inside the minds of other characters.
  36. 36. •FIGURE EIGHT •Looks time around a central moment. •FLASHBACKS •Simple method of inserting an episode that occurred previously on the plot. •FRAME STORY •Tales told by a character appearing in a larger work such as a separate narrative.
  37. 37. •OUT OF SEQUENCE • The information is scrambled throughout the story. •CIRCULAR/ANTICIPATORY • it starts in the present, has flashbacks in the past, and returns to present for conclusion. •CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER • the character cannot see their future.
  38. 38. •MULTIPLE FLASHBACKS • Flashbacks of the story that has complicated set of clues that leads to solution of the problem. •FLASH FORWARD (PROLEPSIS) • Gives the character a sudden, clear-eyed glimpse into the future. •REVERSE ORDER • it marches the character into the past; changes will affect the present.
  39. 39. •TONE coloring of the emotion •STYLE diction, balance of modes •SYMBOL meaning beyong •TENSION makes story more interesting
  40. 40. TECHNIQUES OFTENSION • Irony and Satire • Verbal Irony • Dramatic Irony • Arousing Curiosity • Dramatic Questions • Suspense • Dramatic Conflict • Mainspring of fiction and drama
  42. 42. SOURCES OF BAD FICTION • DRAMA • HIGHTECH MELODRAMA • Overloaded dramatic suspense • Over-rated • ADOLESCENTTRAGEDY • Sophisticated fiction as long as you keep you material genuine and fresh in detail. • POE GIMMICK • Edgar Allan Poe is the master of strange, bizzare and surprise ending.
  43. 43. SOURCES OF BAD FICTION •MOCK FAULKNER • Imitation deprives writers in their own voice at best and sometimes result in unintended satire. •THE TRIALS AND TRIBULATIONS OF AN INCORRUPTIBLEWRITER • Protagonist walks up and down a beach, planning a great model.
  44. 44. SOURCES OF BAD FICTION •THE FREE-FLYING FANTASY • Not to be confused with “stream of conscious writing” •YUPPIE GONEWRONG (CLICHÉ) • Protagonist puts career and love ahead of love.
  45. 45. -END-