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Literature 3


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Literature 3

  1. 1. Literature 3Organized by Prof. MSc. Maura Xavier Garcia
  2. 2. Edward Estlin Cummings (e.e.cummings) (1894-1962)• somewhere I ihave never travelled• From Complete Poems: 1904-1962, by E. E. Cummings edited by George J. Firmage. Used with the permission of Liveright Publishing Corporation. Copyright © 1923, 1931, 1935, 1940, 1951, 1959, 1963, 1968, 1991 by the Trustees for the E. E. Cummings Trust. Copyright © 1976, 1978, 1979 by George James Firmage. - See more at:
  3. 3. • Somewhere_I_have_never_travelled(2).wmv
  4. 4. somewhere I have never travelled (by e.e.cummings, 1931)somewhere i have never travelled, gladlybeyond any experience,your eyes have their silence:in your most frail gestureare things which enclose me, or which i cannot touch because they are too nearyour slightest look will easily unclose methough i have closed myself as fingers,you open always petal by petalmyselfas spring opens (touching skillfully, mysteriously)her first roseor if your wish be to close me,i and my life will shut very beautifully, suddenly,as when the heart of this flower imaginesthe snow carefully everywhere descending;
  5. 5. somewhere I have never travelled (by e.e.cummings, 1931)nothing which we are to perceive in this worldequals the power of your intense fragility:whose texture compels me with the color of its countries,rendering death and forever with each breathingi do not know what it is about you that closes and opens,only something in me understandsthe voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses,nobody, not even the rain, has such small hands.
  6. 6. • Zeca Baleiro Nalgum Lugar ( EE Cummings ).wmv
  7. 7. The poem details the profound feelings of love that the speaker has for his beloved, and his wonder over this mysterious power that the woman has over him. Over the course of the short poem, the speaker examines and praises this power, and notes how his beloved has transformed him. The speaker in the poem may or may not be cummings himself, although the intensity of emotion expressed in the poem leads one to believe that the poet is describing his own experiences. When cummings published “somewhere i have never travelled,gladly beyond,” he had been married to Anne Barton for two years. While Barton might have been the source of the poem’s inspiration, this inspiration would have been short-lived, for cummings and Barton divorced a year later, in 1932. A current copy of the poem can be found in E. E. Cummings: Complete Poems 1904–1962, which was published in hardcover by Liveright in 1994.source:
  8. 8. E. E. Cummings Edward Estlin Cummings Cambridge, Massachusetts, October 14, 1894• He received his B.A. in 1915 and his M.A. in 1916, both from Harvard. His studies there introduced him to avant garde writers, such as Gertrude Stein and Ezra Pound.• In 1917, Cummings published an early selection of poems in the anthology Eight Harvard Poets.• The same year, Cummings left the United States for France as a volunteer ambulance driver in World War I.• Five months after his assignment, however, he and a friend were interned in a prison camp by the French authorities on suspicion of espionage (an experience recounted in his novel, The Enormous Room) for his outspoken anti-war convictions.• After the war, he settled into a life divided between houses in rural Connecticut and Greenwich Village, with frequent visits to Paris. He also traveled throughout Europe, meeting poets and artists, including Pablo Picasso, whose work he particularly admired.• In 1920, The Dial published seven poems by Cummings, including "Buffalo Bills." Serving as Cummings debut to a wider American audience, these "experiments" foreshadowed the synthetic cubist strategy Cummings would explore in the next few years.• In his work, Cummings experimented radically with form, punctuation, spelling and syntax, abandoning traditional techniques and structures to create a new, highly idiosyncratic means of poetic expression.• Later in his career, he was often criticized for settling into his signature style and not pressing his work towards further evolution. Nevertheless, he attained great popularity, especially among young readers, for the simplicity of his language, his playful mode and his attention to subjects such as war and sex.• During his lifetime, Cummings received a number of honors, including an Academy of American Poets Fellowship, two Guggenheim Fellowships, the Charles Eliot Norton Professorship at Harvard, the Bollingen Prize in Poetry in 1958, and a Ford Foundation grant.• At the time of his death, September 3, 1962, he was the second most widely read poet in the United States, after Robert Frost. He is buried in Forest Hills Cemetery in Boston, Massachusetts.
  9. 9. E. E. Cummings Edward Estlin Cummings Cambridge, Massachusetts, October 14, 1894• A Selected Bibliography• Poetry• Tulips and Chimneys (1923) & (1925) XLI Poems (1925) ViVa (1931) No Thanks (1935) Tom (1935) 1/20 (1936) Fifty Poems (1941) 1 x 1 (1944) Xaipe: Seventy-One Poems (1950) Ninety-five Poems (1958) 73 Poems (1962) Complete Poems (1991)• Prose• The Enormous Room (1922) Eimi (1933)• - See more at: in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1894