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Story Structure

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Presentation about Story Structure given April 20, 2009 at Westminster College. This presentation discusses the intrinsic three act structure and uses The Shawshank Redemption to show how two overlapping three-act structures gives rise to a four-act structure.

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Story Structure

  1. 1. Story Structure Jeffrey Gold April 20, 2009 1
  2. 2. Agenda Act Structures 3 Act Structure Case Study: The Shawshank Redemption Real World Story Structures 2
  3. 3. Act Structures 1 Act 2 Act 3 Act 4 Act 5 Act 3
  4. 4. Act Structures 1 Act 2 Act 3 Act 4 Act 5 Act 4
  5. 5. 3 Act Structure Act 1 Act II Act III 5
  6. 6. 3 Act Structure Beginning Act 1 Act II Act III 6
  7. 7. 3 Act Structure Beginning Middle Act 1 Act II Act III 7
  8. 8. 3 Act Structure Beginning Middle End Act 1 Act II Act III 8
  9. 9. 3 Act Structure Beginning Middle End Act 1 Act II Act III 9
  10. 10. 3 Act Structure "A whole is what has a beginning and middle and end." Aristotle’s Poetics 10
  11. 11. 3 Act Structure Act 1 Act II Act III 11
  12. 12. 3 Act Structure Genre Characters Backstory Frontstory Time Place Act 1 Rules Pacing Tone 12
  13. 13. 3 Act Structure Drama Genre Romance Characters Comedy Backstory Action Frontstory Thriller Time Horror Place Act 1 Rules Pacing Tone 13
  14. 14. 3 Act Structure Genre Characters Protagonist Backstory Antagonist Frontstory Mirror Character Time Love Interest Place Act 1 Rules Pacing Tone 14
  15. 15. 3 Act Structure Genre Characters Backstory Frontstory Time Place Act 1 Rules Pacing Tone 15
  16. 16. 3 Act Structure Genre Characters Backstory Frontstory Time Place Act 1 Rules Pacing Tone 16
  17. 17. 3 Act Structure Genre Characters Backstory Frontstory Time Place Act 1 Rules Pacing Tone 17
  18. 18. 3 Act Structure Attempts & Failures Moral Choices Testing Protagonist Act II 18
  19. 19. 3 Act Structure Dénouement Tie Up Loose Ends Act III 19
  20. 20. 3 Act Structure Act 1 Act II Act III 20
  21. 21. 3 Act Structure Gustav Freytag (1863) Climax Rising Falling Action Action Exposition Dénouement Revelation/Catastrophe 21
  22. 22. 3 Act Structure Equilibrium 1 Rising Action Equilibrium II Act 1 Act II Act III Inciting Incident Story Climax 22
  23. 23. 3 Act Structure Mythical Hero Going to the Mountain Jack & Jill 23
  24. 24. Case Study 24
  25. 25. Case Study Act 1 Act II Act III 25
  26. 26. Case Study A 1 II III R 1 II III C 1 II III IV 26
  27. 27. Case Study A 1 II III R 1 II III C 1 II III 27
  28. 28. Case Study A 1 II III B 1 II III C 1 II III 28
  29. 29. Case Study A 1 II III B 1 II III C 1 II III 29
  30. 30. Case Study A 1 II III B 1 II III C 1 II III 30
  31. 31. Case Study A 1 II III B 1 II III C 1 II III 31
  32. 32. Case Study A 1 II III B 1 II III C 1 II III 32
  33. 33. Real World Story Structures Source: Google Images 33
  34. 34. Real World Story Structures 5 Stages of Grieving Denial and Isolation Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance 34
  35. 35. Real World Story Structures Weathering Change Coping in a Context of Pervasive Organizational Change Resistive Behaviors Sabotaging Hiding Out Biding Time Illusioning Deflecting Bargaining Acquiescing By The Booking Good Soldiering Source: Michael Raffanti 35
  36. 36. Real World Story Structures 12 Steps To Sell A Car Meet & Greet Act I Fact Find (Make A Friend) Sell From Stock Walk-Around & Demo-Drive Trade Evaluation & Test Drive Relax Customer & Sell Dealership Act II Start Write-Up/Trial Close Call Desk Negotiation & Commitment To Buy Manager Turn (Courtesy Bump) Paperwork, Delivery, Log Efforts Act III Follow-Up & Referral Prospecting Source: Larry H. Miller Toyota 36
  37. 37. Thank You 37
  38. 38. 38

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