Dr. William Glasser* Born in 1925 inCleveland,Ohio.* Psychiatrist, author, foundedThe William Glasser Institute.* Developed Reality Therapyand Choice Theory.* Thought to be one of thegreatest educationalthinkers of our time* Contends that behaviour inschool will not improve untilwe change the way wework with students
GLASSERS’ CHOICETHEORY An explanation of human behavior Dr. Glasser explains that all we do all ourlives is behave, and that we choose ourbehavior in an attempt to meet one or moreof the five basic human needs that are builtinto our genetic structure. a form of internal control psychology, asa form of internal control psychology, asopposed to external control psychologyopposed to external control psychology Student behaviour is determined by studentchoice, not teacher control
“Students will not willingly engagein schoolwork unless if offersinteresting activities to meet theirbasic needsbasic needs for security, belonging,power, fun and freedom.”- William GlasserCHOICE THEORY
Human Basic NeedsHuman Basic Needs…… SurvivalSurvival – physical needs, food, water,– physical needs, food, water,securitysecurity Love and belongingLove and belonging – connecting with other– connecting with otherpeople that are important to youpeople that are important to you PowerPower – success, acknowledgement from– success, acknowledgement fromothers, achievementothers, achievement FreedomFreedom – to have choices and control in– to have choices and control inyour life…freedom from…. And freedom to…your life…freedom from…. And freedom to… FunFun – laughter, the genetic reward for– laughter, the genetic reward forlearninglearning
2.Quality World describes as a "personal picture album"of all the people, things, ideas, andideals that we have discovered increasethe quality of our lives. the specific motivation pictures detail how we meet thoseneeds unique
3.Perceived World only way we experience the real world isthrough our perceptual system. Informationabout the real world comes to us first throughour sensory system these sensations pass through our perceptualsystem, beginning with what Glasser calls ourtotal knowledge filter, which representseverything we know or have experienced.
4.Comparing Place As we experience life, we are constantlycomparing what we want (our Quality Worldpictures) with what weve got (our PerceivedWorld). When the two match fairly well, wefeel good. When there is a mismatch, youfeel a degree of frustration, depending onhow important the Quality World picture is toyou. That frustration signal, as Glasserterms it, is felt as an urge to behave in away that will help us get more of what wewant.
5. Total Behavior One of Dr. Glassers major premisesis that "All behavior is purposeful." Made up of four components:1. Acting2. Thinking3. Feeling4. Physiology
The only person whose behavior we cancontrol is our own. All we can give another person is information. All long-lasting psychological problems arerelationship problems. The problem relationship is always part of ourpresent life. What happened in the past has everything todo with what we are today, but we can onlysatisfy our basic needs right now and plan tocontinue satisfying them in the future.THE TEN AXIOMS OFCHOICE THEORY
We can only satisfy our needs by satisfyingthe pictures in our Quality World. All we do is behave. All behavior is Total Behavior and is madeup of four components: acting, thinking,feeling and physiology. All Total Behavior is chosen, but we onlyhave direct control over the acting andthinking components. We can only controlour feeling and physiology indirectly throughhow we choose to act and think. All Total Behavior is designated by verbsand named by the part that is the mostrecognizable.
“We can not control anyone besidesourselves. We cannot “make”students do anything, but we caninfluence them to do things that lead tobetter behavior and increasedsuccess.”- William Glasser