Feminist Theories are Based on Feminism & Related ThemesFeminism (def) is the “doctrineadvocating social, political andeconomic rights for women equal tothose of men”, and the “movement forthe attainment of such rights” (Nichols,1999, p. 483).
Feminist Theories• Have multiple origins and include multiple perspectives• Continue to evolve as the nature of feminist perspective and thought is evolving
Importance• Feminist Theories are not only relevant for practice, but also provide a larger context for examining women’s development and experience throughout the life span
Nine Common Principles1. Elimination of false dichotomies Example: a rigid definition of male/female versus balanced view2. Rethinking knowledge Critically evaluating “what” we think and “how” we think about it3. Differences in male and female experiences
Nine Principles Continued4. End of patriarchy5. Empowerment6. Valuing process equally with product Example: adherence to ethical behavior; agreement as consensus; considering personal issues
7. Personal is political social & political structure foster sexism; taking political action8. Unity and diversity diversity as strength; solidarity9. Consciousness raising greater awareness; learning; mutual support; proposing changes