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Postmodernism: An introduction


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Postmodernism: An introduction

  1. 1. Postmodernism A2 Theories
  2. 2. • Metanarratives or grand narratives – stories that define human existence and experience • An attempt to simplify and explain concepts as stories (feminism, capitalism) historical development. • Lyotard the postmodern condition which has stopped believing in the grand narrative
  3. 3. Postmodernism • A general and wide ranging term applied to literature, the arts, architecture, fiction and now media texts. • Modernism was a movement around 1920’s. Key features included the rejection of traditional beliefs such as an all-powerful God and looked inwards at man and his self-consciousness. • Surrealism is the most famous form of modernism
  4. 4. Modernists: What do you notice about these pictures?
  5. 5. After modernism... • Post-modernism is thought to have emerged as early as 1950 in art but became a more recognised movement in 1980’s
  6. 6. So what is it.....? • Whereas Modernism rejected earlier beliefs and styles in favour of new radical ones, one of the features of post-modernism is the layering and combining of old ideas with new ones from multiple sources to create something different again.
  7. 7. • Whereas Modernists were interested in man as a self-conscious being, post-modernists are interested in man (and everything) as a construction – that all concepts, signs, identities, realities, meanings etc. have been created. Postmodernism deconstructs these realities and meanings and puts them back together – differently.
  8. 8. Hypermodernity.... Or Supermodernity...? • If all reality has been constructed then some theorists believe that what is actually left is hypermodernity and that this is the new ‘virtual’ world we live in in our technology and media saturated world.
  9. 9. Key features of Postmodernism • Elements of traditional and recognisable stories, signs, motifs etc. • Multiple narratives showing not just the mind of ‘one’ person but of many • Disjointed narratives, unreliable narrators. • Reinvention (e.g of genre through hybrid forms) • Intertextuality and bricolage • Pastiche, parody • Multiple realities and understanding that ‘reality’ does not exist anyway
  10. 10. Class Task • Look at the examples of the: • Film trailer v=AIzbwV7on6Q • TV clip Identify the Postmodern features and write couple of notes explaining how they are Postmodern. Try also to explain why the text producers include these features.
  11. 11. • To what extent do postmodern media texts challenge the conventional relationship between audience and text. Make reference to at least two texts from two different media forms.
  12. 12. Extension Work • Write an explanation of