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Will vs Going to vs Present Continuous

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learnglish

Will vs Going to vs Present Continuous for Future Predictions, Decisions, and Plans

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Future forms

Predictions, Decisions, Plans
PREDICTIONS
             GOING TO                                      WILL

We can see the future in the present.    We think or believe things about the
We see things coming. There is           future.
present evidence.




 Look out! You are going to break that   Do not give him your watch. He’ll
 glass! (I can see it now)               break it. (I think, because I know him)
DECISIONS

           GOING TO                                  WILL

Decisions are already made when        We are making the decision at the
we speak.                              moment of speaking. It’s an instant
                                       decision.



 You have a lot of emails to answer.   You have an email from John.
 I know, I’m going to answer them      Ok, I’ll answer it.
 tonight.
PLANS
           GOING TO                       PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Going to and Present Continuous      Going to and Present Continuous
are often both possible for future   are often both possible for future
plans.                               plans.

We use Going to express the idea     We use present continuous for
of intention.                        fixed plans with a definite time
                                     and/or place. Arrangements.


 I’m going to see Ann sometime       I’m meeting Paul at the cinema at
 soon.                               8.

 I think John is going to study      Sarah is starting University on
 biology.                            September 25th.
PREDICTIONS

Choose the best form.

Mary is going to / will have a baby.
PREDICTIONS

Choose the best form.

Mary is going to / will have a baby.
Mary is going to have a baby.

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Will vs Going to vs Present Continuous

  • 2. PREDICTIONS GOING TO WILL We can see the future in the present. We think or believe things about the We see things coming. There is future. present evidence. Look out! You are going to break that Do not give him your watch. He’ll glass! (I can see it now) break it. (I think, because I know him)
  • 3. DECISIONS GOING TO WILL Decisions are already made when We are making the decision at the we speak. moment of speaking. It’s an instant decision. You have a lot of emails to answer. You have an email from John. I know, I’m going to answer them Ok, I’ll answer it. tonight.
  • 4. PLANS GOING TO PRESENT CONTINUOUS Going to and Present Continuous Going to and Present Continuous are often both possible for future are often both possible for future plans. plans. We use Going to express the idea We use present continuous for of intention. fixed plans with a definite time and/or place. Arrangements. I’m going to see Ann sometime I’m meeting Paul at the cinema at soon. 8. I think John is going to study Sarah is starting University on biology. September 25th.
  • 5. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. Mary is going to / will have a baby.
  • 6. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. Mary is going to / will have a baby. Mary is going to have a baby.
  • 7. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. Perhaps we are going to/ will meet again one day.
  • 8. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. Perhaps we are going to/ will meet again one day. Perhaps we will meet again one day.
  • 9. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. Be careful, or you are going to / will fall.
  • 10. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. Be careful, or you are going to / will fall. Be careful, or you will fall.
  • 11. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. Look. Andy is going to / will fall off his bike.
  • 12. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. Look. Andy is going to / will fall off his bike. Look. Andy is going to fall off his bike.
  • 13. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. I think you are going to / will love Scotland.
  • 14. PREDICTIONS Choose the best form. I think you are going to / will love Scotland. I think you will love Scotland.
  • 15. DECISIONS Choose the best form. I’ve decided I am going to / will stop smoking.
  • 16. DECISIONS Choose the best form. I’ve decided I am going to / will stop smoking. I’ve decided I am going to stop smoking.
  • 17. DECISIONS Choose the best form. I don’t want to cook tonight. Ok, I am going to/ will cook.
  • 18. DECISIONS Choose the best form. I don’t want to cook tonight. Ok, I am going to/ will cook. Ok, I‘ll cook.
  • 19. DECISIONS Choose the best form. Oh, I don’t have any money. No? Ok, I am going to / will pay.
  • 20. DECISIONS Choose the best form. Oh, I don’t have any money. No? Ok, I am going to / will pay. Ok, I’ll pay.
  • 21. DECISIONS Choose the best form. Do you want to go out tonight? No, I am going to / will clean the house.
  • 22. DECISIONS Choose the best form. Do you want to go out tonight? No, I am going to / will clean the house. No, I am going to clean the house.
  • 23. DECISIONS Choose the best form. That shirt is dirty! Oh, yes. I am going to / will wash it.
  • 24. DECISIONS Choose the best form. That shirt is dirty! Oh, yes. I am going to / will wash it. Oh, yes. I’ll wash it.
  • 25. PLANS In three of these sentences, the present progressive is possible. Which three? 1. Jack is going to arrive at 4.00. 2. I'm going to learn Spanish one of these days. 3. I'm going to fly to Glasgow tomorrow. 4. Alan's going to tell me about his problems. 5. We're going to spend next week in Ireland. 6. Are you going to answer those letters?
  • 26. PLANS In three of these sentences, the present progressive is possible. Which three? 1. Jack is going to arrive at 4.00. 2. I'm going to learn Spanish one of these days. 3. I'm going to fly to Glasgow tomorrow. 4. Alan's going to tell me about his problems. 5. We're going to spend next week in Ireland. 6. Are you going to answer those letters? Answer: 1. John is arriving at 4.00. 2. I’m flying to Glasgow tomorrow. 3. We are spending next week in Ireland.