Chapter 13

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  • Review chapter objectives.
  • Discuss classification.Share an example of a classification essay.
  • Discuss writing the classification essay in steps.
  • Review Topics for Writing, and Topics for Critical Thinking and Writing sections.
  • Discuss definition.Share an example of a definition essay.
  • Discuss definition
  • Discuss writing the definition essay in steps.
  • Discuss cause and effect.Share an example of both a cause and an effect essay.
  • Discuss writing the cause or effect essay in steps.
  • Discuss argument.Share an example of an argument essay.
  • Discuss writing the argument essay in steps.
  • Discuss the multipattern essay.Discuss the hints for writing a multipattern essay.
  • Discuss writing the multipattern essay in steps.
  • Discuss the writing the multipattern essay in steps.
  • Review Topics for Writing, and Topics for Critical Thinking and Writing sections.
  • Chapter 13

    1. 1. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    2. 2. CHAPTER 13: DIFFERENT ESSAY PATTERNS: PART TWOCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    3. 3. CHAPTER OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this chapter, you will: gain further practice in applying the stages of the writing process to various rhetorical patterns and recognize the flexibility of the multipattern essay.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    4. 4. CLASSIFICATION Hints for Writing a Classification Essay 1. Be sure to have a point in your classification. • Have a reason for your classification. 2. A simple way to structure your classification essay is to explain each type in a separate body paragraph. • Use the same kind of details to describe each type.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    5. 5. WRITING THE CLASSIFICATION ESSAY IN STEPS Prewriting Classification Essay—freewriteand brainstorm to generate ideas for your classification essay Planning Classification Essay—develop an outline to organize your ideas for your classification essay Drafting and Revising Classification Essay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your classification essay Proofreading Classification Essay—proofread and make one final check of your classification essayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    6. 6. WRITING THE CLASSIFICATION ESSAY IN STEPS Topics for Writing a Classification Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and Writing: Classification EssayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    7. 7. DEFINITION Hints for Writing a Definition Essay 1. Write a personal definition, not a dictionary definition. 2. Include the following in your thesis: 1. The term you are defining, 2. The broad class or category into which your term fits, and 3. The specific distinguishing characteristics that make the term different from all others in the class or category.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    8. 8. DEFINITION 3. Form your body paragraphs from different aspects of your term.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    9. 9. WRITING THE DEFINITION ESSAY IN STEPS Prewriting Definition Essay—begin with a personality trait or person Planning Definition Essay—develop an outline to organize your ideas Drafting and Revising Definition Essay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your definition essay Proofreading Definition Essay—proofread and make one final check of definition essay Topics for Writing a Definition Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and Writing: Definition EssayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    10. 10. CAUSE AND EFFECT Hints for Writing a Cause or Effect Essay 1. Choose either causes or effects. • If you try to do both in a short essay, your task will be more difficult. 2. You can use each cause or effect as the focus of one body paragraph. • You can develop the paragraph by explaining and describing that cause or effect.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    11. 11. WRITING THE CAUSE OR EFFECT ESSAY IN STEPS Prewriting Cause or Effect Essay—begin by freewriting and brainstorming Planning Effects Essay—develop an outline to organize your ideas Drafting and Revising Effects Essay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your Effects essay Proofreading Effects Essay—proofread and make one final check of your Effects essay Topics for Writing a Cause or Effect Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and Writing: Cause or Effect EssayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    12. 12. ARGUMENT Hints for Writing an Argument Essay 1. Pick a topic based on your own experience and observation. 2. Be sure to take a stand in your thesis. 3. Use the reasons in your argument as a way to focus your body paragraphs. 4. Consider your audience’s objections. • Refute an objection • Concede an objection • Turn an objection into an advantageCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    13. 13. WRITING THE ARGUMENT ESSAY IN STEPS Prewriting Argument Essay—begin by freewriting, brainstorming, and listing your ideas Planning Argument Essay—develop an outline to organize your ideas Drafting and Revising Argument Essay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your argument essay Proofreading Argument Essa—proofread and make one final check of your argument essay Topics for Writing a Argument Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and Writing: Argument EssayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    14. 14. THE MULTIPATTERN ESSAY Many essays rely on more than one essay pattern to make their point. Hints for Writing a Multipattern Essay 1. Start with a topic, not with a concern about the patterns you use. 2. When you write a multipattern essay, do not shift patterns within a paragraph. 3. Your thesis does not have to include a reference to each pattern you are using. 4. Be especially careful about transitions between paragraphs.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    15. 15. WRITING THE MULTIPATTERN ESSAY IN STEPS: PINE RIVER Prewriting MultipatternEssay—begin by freewriting and brainstorming  Organizing Your Ideas for a Multipattern Essay Planning MultipatternEssay—develop an outline to organize your ideas Drafting and Revising MultipatternEssay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your multipattern essay Proofreading MultipatternEssay—proofread and make one final check of your multipattern essayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    16. 16. WRITING THE MULTIPATTERN ESSAY IN STEPS:ONE FAMILY’S FIGHT AGAINST AGORAPHOBIA Prewriting MultipatternEssay—begin by freewriting and brainstorming Planning MultipatternEssay—develop an outline to organize your ideas Drafting and Revising MultipatternEssay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your multipattern essay Proofreading MultipatternEssay—proofread and make one final check of your multipattern essay Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    17. 17. WRITING THE MULTIPATTERN ESSAY IN STEPS Topics for Writing a Multipattern Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and Writing: Multipattern EssayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    18. 18. A MULTIPATTERN ESSAYA. is centered around the definition pattern.B. is 5–12 sentences in length.C. relies on one essay pattern to make a point.D. relies on more than one essay pattern to make a point.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    19. 19. A MULTIPATTERN ESSAYA. is centered around the definition pattern.B. Is 5–12 sentences in length.C. relies on one essay pattern to make a point.D. relies on more than one essay pattern to make a point.recognize the flexibility of the multipattern essay.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

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