Chapter 28

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  • Review chapter objectives.
  • Discuss vowels and consonants.Discuss Spelling Rule 1
  • Discuss Spelling Rules 2,3, & 4.
  • Discuss Spelling Rule 5.
  • Discuss commonly confused and misspelled words.
  • Chapter 28

    1. 1. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    2. 2. CHAPTER 28: SPELLINGCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    3. 3. CHAPTER OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this chapter, you will learn to: distinguish between vowels and consonants, apply basic spelling rules to determine proper word endings and variations, recognize when a one- or two-word spelling applies to certain terms.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    4. 4. VOWELS AND CONSONANTS Vowels are the letters a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y. Consonants are all the other letters. Spelling Rule 1: Doubling a Final Consonant  When you add an ending, double the final consonant of a word if all three of the following are true: 1. The word is one syllable, or the accent is on the last syllable. 2. The word ends in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    5. 5. VOWELS AND CONSONANTS 3. The ending you are adding starts with a vowel. X.. Begin = beginning occur = occurring stir = stirred pin = pinning Words that fall under these rules, but don’t get the consonant doubled. Fix (Find another word and email it to me for five points.)Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    6. 6. VOWELS AND CONSONANTS Spelling Rule 2: Dropping the Final e  Drop the final e before you add an ending that starts with a vowel. Spelling Rule 3: Changing the Final y to i  When a word ends in a consonant plus y, change the y to i when you add an ending. Spelling Rule 4: Adding –s or –es  Add –es instead of –s to a word if the word ends in ch, sh, ss, x, or z.
    7. 7. VOWELS AND CONSONANTS Spelling Rule 5: Using ie or ei  Use i before e, except after c, or when the sound is like a, as in neighbor and weigh.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    8. 8. DO YOU SPELL IT AS ONE WORD OR TWO? Commonly confused words like:  a lot  even though  no one A List of Commonly Misspelled Words (p. 574)Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    9. 9. WHAT ARE VOWELS?A. a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y.B. b, c, d, f, g, and sometimes z.C. th, sh, wh, and ch.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    10. 10. WHAT ARE VOWELS?A. a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y.B. b, c, d, f, g, and sometimes z.C. th, sh, wh, and ch.distinguish between vowels and consonants,Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    11. 11. WHICH SPELLING RULE APPLIES TO THEWORD LISTED BELOW ?shopperA. doubling a final consonantB. dropping the final eC. changing the final y to iD. adding –s or -esCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    12. 12. WHICH SPELLING RULE APPLIES TO THEWORD LISTED BELOW ?shopperA. doubling a final consonantB. dropping the final eC. changing the final y to iD. adding –s or –esapply basic spelling rules to determine proper wordendings and variationsCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    13. 13. WHICH WORD IS SPELLED CORRECTLY?A. alotB. a lotCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    14. 14. WHICH WORD IS SPELLED CORRECTLY?A. alotB. a lotrecognize when a one- or two-word spelling appliesto certain terms.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

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