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Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
CHAPTER 12: DIFFERENT ESSAY PATTERNS: PART ONECopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
CHAPTER OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this chapter, you will learn to: apply the stages of the writing process and th...
ILLUSTRATION   Hints for Writing an Illustration Essay    1. Use specific examples to support a general point.    2. Be s...
WRITING THE ILLUSTRATION ESSAY IN STEPS   Prewriting Illustration Essay—freewriteand brainstorm    to generate ideas for ...
DESCRIPTION   Hints for Writing a Descriptive Essay    1. Use many specific details.    2. Decide on a clear order.Copyri...
WRITING THE DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY IN STEPS   Prewriting Descriptive Essay—begin by brainstorming   Planning Descriptive Essa...
NARRATION   Hints for Writing a Narrative Essay    1. Give the essay a point and stick to it.       • A narrative essay t...
WRITING THE NARRATIVE ESSAY IN STEPS   Prewriting Narrative Essay—begin by freewriting and    brainstorming   Planning N...
PROCESS   Hints for Writing a Process Essay    1. Remember that there are two kinds of process        essays:       • A d...
WRITING THE PROCESS ESSAY IN STEPS  Prewriting Process Essay—begin by   freewriting, brainstorming, and listing your idea...
COMPARISON AND CONTRAST   Hints for Writing a Comparison or Contrast Essay    1. Use the thesis of your comparison or    ...
WRITING THE COMPARISON OR CONTRAST ESSAY IN STEPS   Prewriting Comparison or Contrast Essay—begin by    freewriting and b...
WRITING THE COMPARISON OR CONTRAST ESSAY IN STEPS   Topics for Writing a Comparison or Contrast Essay   Topics for Criti...
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A STAGEOF THE WRITING PROCESS?A.   planningB.   composingC.   drafting and revisingD.   proo...
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A STAGEOF THE WRITING PROCESS?A.   planningB.   composingC.   drafting and revisingD.    pro...
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Chapter 12

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Chapter 12

  1. 1. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  2. 2. CHAPTER 12: DIFFERENT ESSAY PATTERNS: PART ONECopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  3. 3. CHAPTER OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this chapter, you will learn to: apply the stages of the writing process and the basic essay format to a variety of rhetorical patterns.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  4. 4. ILLUSTRATION Hints for Writing an Illustration Essay 1. Use specific examples to support a general point. 2. Be sure to support a general statement by using specific examples instead of merely writing another general statement. 3. Be sure that you have sufficient examples and that you develop them well.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  5. 5. WRITING THE ILLUSTRATION ESSAY IN STEPS Prewriting Illustration Essay—freewriteand brainstorm to generate ideas for your illustration essay Planning Illustration Essay—develop an outline to organize your ideas for your illustration essay Drafting and Revising Illustration Essay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your illustration essay Proofreading Illustration Essay—proofread and make one final check of your illustration essay Topics for Writing an Illustration Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and WritingCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  6. 6. DESCRIPTION Hints for Writing a Descriptive Essay 1. Use many specific details. 2. Decide on a clear order.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  7. 7. WRITING THE DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY IN STEPS Prewriting Descriptive Essay—begin by brainstorming Planning Descriptive Essay—develop an outline to organize your ideas Drafting and Revising Descriptive Essay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your descriptive essay Proofreading Descriptive Essay—proofread and make one final check of your descriptive essay Topics for Writing a Descriptive Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and WritingCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  8. 8. NARRATION Hints for Writing a Narrative Essay 1. Give the essay a point and stick to it. • A narrative essay tells a story. • Once you have your point, check that your use of details does not lead you away from the point. 2. Divide your narrative into clear stages. • You may decide to divide your body paragraphs into (a) before, during, and after or (b) the first part of the story, the middle part, and the ending.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  9. 9. WRITING THE NARRATIVE ESSAY IN STEPS Prewriting Narrative Essay—begin by freewriting and brainstorming Planning Narrative Essay—develop an outline to organize your ideas Drafting and Revising Narrative Essay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your narrative essay Proofreading Narrative Essay—proofread and make one final check of your narrative essay Topics for Writing a Narrative Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and WritingCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  10. 10. PROCESS Hints for Writing a Process Essay 1. Remember that there are two kinds of process essays: • A directional process essay tells the reader how to do something. • An informational process essay explains an activity without telling the reader how to do it. 2. Find some logical way to divide the steps into paragraphs. 3. Develop your paragraphs by explaining each step thoroughly and by using details.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  11. 11. WRITING THE PROCESS ESSAY IN STEPS Prewriting Process Essay—begin by freewriting, brainstorming, and listing your ideas Planning Process Essay—develop an outline to organize your ideas Drafting and Revising Process Essay— create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your process essay Proofreading Process Essay—proofread and make one final check of your process essay Topics for Writing a Process Essay Topics 2012 Critical Education, Inc. and Writing Copyright © for by Pearson Thinking
  12. 12. COMPARISON AND CONTRAST Hints for Writing a Comparison or Contrast Essay 1. Use the thesis of your comparison or contrast to make a statement. 2. Use your points of comparison or contrast as a way to organize your body paragraphs. 3. Use a point-by-point pattern.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  13. 13. WRITING THE COMPARISON OR CONTRAST ESSAY IN STEPS Prewriting Comparison or Contrast Essay—begin by freewriting and brainstorming  Getting Points of Comparison or Contrast Look for items that can be discussed about both subjects. Planning Contrast Essay—develop an outline to organize your ideas Drafting and Revising Contrast Essay—create, revise, and edit rough drafts for your contrast essay Proofreading Contrast Essay—proofread and make one final check of your contrast essayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  14. 14. WRITING THE COMPARISON OR CONTRAST ESSAY IN STEPS Topics for Writing a Comparison or Contrast Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and WritingCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  15. 15. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A STAGEOF THE WRITING PROCESS?A. planningB. composingC. drafting and revisingD. proofreadingCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  16. 16. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A STAGEOF THE WRITING PROCESS?A. planningB. composingC. drafting and revisingD. proofreadingapply the stages of the writing process and the basicessay format to a variety of rhetorical patterns.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.

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