How to Develop andWrite a Research Paper
Developed by             Judy Harding      Coordinator of User Services            Wadsworth Library                 and  ...
Research Paper Assignment Identify what the assignment requires:  topic possibilities  number of sources  type of sourc...
Getting Started• Choose a topic based on requirements.• Ask yourself questions:   •   What do I know about the topic?   • ...
Formulate a Research Question Startby finding background information on  your topic:   – Resource Links to Background Inf...
Personal Exploration of            TopicOnce you have familiarized yourself with thetopic, reflect on your initial impress...
Webbing - red is the topic1.Relax. Play some creative music.2.Spelling or style doesnt count.3.Dont worry about organizati...
Formulate a Question Decide what question you want to answer  with your research. Formulate a Question – the answer to t...
Starting Your Research Decide  what kind of information that you  need based on your research assignment. The informatio...
Finding Information in Books1.   Find Books – Check the library on-line catalog:       Minuteman Library Network Catalog1....
Decide on the           Usefulness of a Book1.   How to Evaluate a Book for the     Assignment:      a.   Read title as cl...
Finding Information in                   Journals1.   Find Journal Articles in electronic databases:     Electronic Databa...
Decide on the Usefulness of       Journal Articles Evaluate         usefulness of journal articles for assignment:  – Rea...
Finding Information     Using Internet Resources1.   Click on Internet Resources part of the     MLN homepage.2.   Or sele...
Decide on the Usefulness of       Internet Site Information1.    Evaluate Internet site:       a.   find source of the sit...
Ask a Librarian for SupportA  librarian can assist you with the process of finding information sources for your assignmen...
How to Avoid Plagiarism Howto Avoid Plagiarism – Review the PowerPoint presentation. It covers:  – Citing sources of info...
Taking Notes Organizing Your Research Using Note Cards  – Read source actively by highlighting important     information....
Organize Your Research Construct   an Outline
Drafting Follow  your outline. Begin to incorporate research material into each  paragraph. Cite your source for each q...
Need Help with         Writing Your Draft?A   writing tutor can help you with how to  outline and develop your paper. Ma...
Preparing the Final Version of      Your Research Paper Revise  draft based on comments from your  instructor and/or tuto...
Acknowledgements Theoriginal module was supported by the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners through a LSTA Gran...
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Library develop researchpaper_082107

  1. 1. How to Develop andWrite a Research Paper
  2. 2. Developed by Judy Harding Coordinator of User Services Wadsworth Library and Christine McLaughlinDirector of the Academic Success Center and the Writing Center
  3. 3. Research Paper Assignment Identify what the assignment requires:  topic possibilities  number of sources  type of sources (journal, book, Internet)  citation requirements (MLA, APA, Chicago)  presentation requirements (oral or written)  length of paper  due date
  4. 4. Getting Started• Choose a topic based on requirements.• Ask yourself questions: • What do I know about the topic? • What would I like to learn? • What will others learn from reading my paper?
  5. 5. Formulate a Research Question Startby finding background information on your topic: – Resource Links to Background Information:  How to Find Journal Articles in Electronic Databases  How to find Books in the Online Catalog
  6. 6. Personal Exploration of TopicOnce you have familiarized yourself with thetopic, reflect on your initial impressions: Free Writing – just write down your thoughts List Key Words – list words that describe your topic Clustering/Webbing - create a web that links terms together (an example of webbing is on the next slide)
  7. 7. Webbing - red is the topic1.Relax. Play some creative music.2.Spelling or style doesnt count.3.Dont worry about organization.4.Free-associate ideas. Keep themsimple.5.Write or sketch as quickly as youcan.6.Write or sketch in any order.7.Develop all ideas.8.Keep working.®Content and materials published in http://www.graphic.org site may be duplicated foreducational, non-profit, single school use only.
  8. 8. Formulate a Question Decide what question you want to answer with your research. Formulate a Question – the answer to the question becomes your thesis question. For example: – How does exercise improve someone’s mental health? – What are the effects of violent video games on elementary school children? – What was the impact of Cubism on early twentieth century culture? – Should elementary schools provide more programming in the arts?
  9. 9. Starting Your Research Decide what kind of information that you need based on your research assignment. The information will be determined by your topic and assignment requirements: – Current or historical or both – Biographical information – Criticism and analysis – Statistics – And More
  10. 10. Finding Information in Books1. Find Books – Check the library on-line catalog: Minuteman Library Network Catalog1. Search just Mount Ida College or all MLN libraries: For help with searching or stop by and see a librarian in the Wadsworth Library.2. Locate if the book is in the Wadsworth Library.3. If the book is not available at Mount Ida, you may directly request that the book be delivered to the Wadsworth Library or ask the Librarian to request the book for you.
  11. 11. Decide on the Usefulness of a Book1. How to Evaluate a Book for the Assignment: a. Read title as clue to content b. Scan table of contents c. Search for key terms in book index
  12. 12. Finding Information in Journals1. Find Journal Articles in electronic databases: Electronic Databases2. Ask the Librarian about the best databases to search on your topic:  i.e., InfoTrac Expanded Academic – Journal Articles - full text or citation (find actual journal through the library)
  13. 13. Decide on the Usefulness of Journal Articles Evaluate usefulness of journal articles for assignment: – Read title and subtitle as clue to content. – Read abstract if available. – Check key terms at end of article for related links to further explore topic.
  14. 14. Finding Information Using Internet Resources1. Click on Internet Resources part of the MLN homepage.2. Or select a search engine or website.
  15. 15. Decide on the Usefulness of Internet Site Information1. Evaluate Internet site: a. find source of the site and information  Who is responsible for the website?  Who provided the information? • a person who is known in the field of study. • an organization that is reputable, i.e. American Cancer Society. a. note currency of site – when was it last updated? b. assess relevance of information to the assignment.
  16. 16. Ask a Librarian for SupportA librarian can assist you with the process of finding information sources for your assignment. Stop by the library. Click for Library Hours. Contact the librarian via e-mail or in person.
  17. 17. How to Avoid Plagiarism Howto Avoid Plagiarism – Review the PowerPoint presentation. It covers: – Citing sources of information. – How to paraphrase, summarize, quote. – How to cite your sources for your works cited page.
  18. 18. Taking Notes Organizing Your Research Using Note Cards – Read source actively by highlighting important information. – Record quotes that you may want to use later and include source and page number on card. – Create paraphrases and summaries on note cards directly from your research. – Record on each note card the author’s name and page number for later reference. Organizing Your Research Using a Computer http://www.studygs.net/plagiarism.htm
  19. 19. Organize Your Research Construct an Outline
  20. 20. Drafting Follow your outline. Begin to incorporate research material into each paragraph. Cite your source for each quote, paraphrase and summary. Check with your instructor about which documentation and format style to use. Be sure to include your opinion and comments on the research. Write your conclusion based on your answer to your research question (your thesis).
  21. 21. Need Help with Writing Your Draft?A writing tutor can help you with how to outline and develop your paper. Make an appointment with a writing tutor at the Writing Center. http://www.mountida.edu/filelibrary/TutorS chedSpring2007.doc
  22. 22. Preparing the Final Version of Your Research Paper Revise draft based on comments from your instructor and/or tutor Check cited sources for accuracy and MLA Style or another style format. Proof read your work – don’t forget the Spell and Grammar check in Microsoft Word. Add works cited page. Add title page.
  23. 23. Acknowledgements Theoriginal module was supported by the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners through a LSTA Grant. Marge Lippincott, Dean of Information Technology and Learning Resources, coordinated the effort and created the PowerPoint with Judy Harding and Christine McLaughlin.

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