SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 27
The Essay Writing
     Process
A Recursive Process
   Writing is also a recursive process.
    This means that you repeat the
    steps over and over again, though
    not necessarily every step, every
    time.
The following diagram illustrates the
recursive nature of the writing process.
Blogging the Writing Process: An
    Introduction:

   Blogging proved to be an effective tool for
    the    writing   process   approach      as
    evidenced by the numerous benefits for
    its use that outweighed the drawbacks.
    Throughout this course, blogging will be
    integrated into the five stages of the
    writing process in order to compose
    different types of essays.
As shown in the diagram below, blogging will be integrated
into the five stages of the writing process approach which; in
turn, will be broken down to a number of key stages:
Parts of an Essay


                            Conclusion

Introduction




                  Body
               Paragraphs
Introduction
               What is an essay ?
An essay is a piece of writing that usually has five or more
paragraphs. An essay is written about one topic that has
several main points. The main points are introduced in an
introductory paragraph and supported in body
paragraphs. The conclusion is the last paragraph.

                    Essay
                                  Body Paragraph 3
                 Introduction
                                  _____________
               _____________

                                     Conclusion
               Body Paragraph 1
                                  _____________
               _____________


               Body Paragraph 2
               _____________
Overview of an Essay
                                    Introduction
                                    General statements
                                    and information
                                    about the topic
                         Body
                      Paragraph 1   Thesis statement-
Body Paragraphs                     lists the main ideas
                         Body
                                    in the essay
Support the main
                      Paragraph 2
ideas of the thesis
statement
                         Body
Begin with topic      Paragraph 3
sentences
                                    Conclusion
                                    Brief summary of
                                    main points of the
                                    essay
The Hamburger Method

 Essays, like sandwiches or burgers, are
  divided into different parts.
 Introduction
 Body
 Conclusion
Parts of an Essay
                An Introduction
An introductory paragraph is the first paragraph in an
  essay. It contains two parts.


1. General Statements: a few sentences about your
  subject that catch the attention of your reader.


2. A Thesis Statement: one sentence that tells your
  reader the main points of your topic and states the
  overall “plan” of your essay.
Parts of an Essay
                  Body Paragraphs

The body consists of one or more paragraphs following the
introduction. Each paragraph supports the main idea of
your essay by breaking it down into smaller ideas or sub-
topics. Each body paragraph consists of a topic sentence
and several supporting sentences. A conclusion sentence
draws the paragraph together.



                     Body          Body          Body
 Introduction     Paragraph 1   Paragraph 2   Paragraph 3
Parts of an Essay
                        Conclusion
   The conclusion paragraph is the last paragraph in the essay. It
completes the essay by summarizing or repeating the most
important ideas. The conclusion can also include an opinion, a
prediction, or a solution to a problem.


                           Introduction

                         Body Paragraph 1

                         Body Paragraph 2

                         Body Paragraph 3


                           Conclusion
Example
                An Introduction

                     General Statements

    Going to a new school can be exciting, but for an international
student, the years of education in a different country can be
difficult and tumultuous. When I first arrived in the U.S. to attend a
university, I was overwhelmed and confused by everything new.
Fortunately, I met three very special friends who made a positive
impact on my life during those years and helped me survive the
trials of being a foreigner in a completely different educational
system.
                       Thesis Statement
Example
                  Body Paragraph
           Topic Sentence

    One of the first people I met was Joe Frieda. I first met Joe standing in a
line at the bookstore. I was having a difficult time finding the books for the
English classes I was taking my first semester here. He not only helped me
find my books, but he also gave me some good advice on where to get
tutorial help on campus and where I could find some good restaurants.
We’ve become better friends since then and he has been so helpful in
answering any questions I have about going to school in the U.S. and about
American culture. If I hadn’t met Joe that day, I might still be looking for the
right books for my classes!


            Concluding Sentence                     Supporting Sentences
Example
                        Conclusion

                          Summary of Main Ideas


    “The significance of the kindness that these three people showed me and
the impact that it has made on my life during my experience as an
international student at State University cannot be underestimated. I will
never forget their friendship and will remember their examples of kindness to
me whenever I encounter other foreigners in my own country.



                           Promise or Resolution
Stages of the Writing
      Process
1)Prewriting
   Prewriting is the first stage of the writing
    process. Prewriting, as its name suggests,
    is something you do before you write a
    paragraph or essay or other written work.
    The purpose of the prewriting stage is to
    find a topic for writing, to collect ideas and
    information,    and    to   do    research   if
    necessary. There are many different types
    of prewriting that help writers generate
    ideas. The different types of prewriting that
    we will explore here are: freewriting,
    brainstorming, clustering, questioning, and
    Venn diagram.
A) Freewriting
      Freewriting is when someone writes freely what
    comes to mind in sentences or phrases, without
    worrying about grammar, punctuation or making
    sense.
B)Brainstorming
   Brainstorming or listing is when you freely
    write down all ideas in the order which they
    occur                 to                you.
C) Questioning
   When you prewrite with the questioning
    technique, you are trying to find out
    the    How?   Who?     What?     Where?
    When? and Why? about your topic.
D) Clustering
   Clustering, or mind mapping is a "visual of
    outlining", putting the main topic in the
    center of paper and lining it with any new
    ideas associated. You can also group sub-
    ideas around this new idea. This strategy
    allows you to collect ideas effectively and,
    particularly, understand the logic contained
    between ideas.
E) Venn diagram
   A Venn diagram is used to help visualize the
    similarities and differences between two subjects.
    Venn diagrams are very useful when brainstorming
    a compare and contrast essay.
2)Drafting
   Drafting is the second stage of the writing
    process. At this stage, the writer should
    write a complete first draft using his or her
    notes from prewriting as a guide. The
    purpose in drafting is to have a complete
    draft, not a perfect one, so writers are
    encouraged to ignore spelling or grammar
    mistakes and write quickly
3)Revising
   Revising     is   the    third    stage    of
    the writing process In fact, to revise means
    literally to “re-see” or “re-look” at your
    writing. When you revise, you look at the
    parts of your essay and make sure that
    each part works together to make a
    coherent whole. Similarly, feedback from
    others can help you identify those parts of
    the essay that work well--and those that do
    not.    Revising  often   includes    adding,
    cutting, moving, or changing information in
    order to make the ideas clearer, more
    accurate,    more   interesting,   or   more
    convincing.
4)Editing
   Editing is the fourth stage of the
    writing process. In this stage, you
    check your text to make sure that there
    are no errors in grammar, punctuation,
    and spelling.
5) Publishing
   This is the last stage of the writing process.
    In this stage, you share the essay you have
    written with the readers you determined in
    the prewriting stage.The purpose of
    publishing is to share and celebrate your
    finished products. When writers publish
    their writing, they produce a clean, neat
    final draft thatis free of errors.

More Related Content

What's hot

The Writing Process Powerpoint
The Writing Process PowerpointThe Writing Process Powerpoint
The Writing Process Powerpoint
weigansm
 
Essay writing power_point 1
Essay writing power_point 1Essay writing power_point 1
Essay writing power_point 1
dbbbanjo
 
Expository writing
Expository writingExpository writing
Expository writing
ajdredla
 

What's hot (20)

Steps in Writing a Paragraph
Steps in Writing a ParagraphSteps in Writing a Paragraph
Steps in Writing a Paragraph
 
The Writing Process Powerpoint
The Writing Process PowerpointThe Writing Process Powerpoint
The Writing Process Powerpoint
 
Paraphrasing
ParaphrasingParaphrasing
Paraphrasing
 
Summary writing
Summary writingSummary writing
Summary writing
 
Paragragh writing
Paragragh writingParagragh writing
Paragragh writing
 
Essay writing by sohail ahmed
Essay writing by sohail ahmedEssay writing by sohail ahmed
Essay writing by sohail ahmed
 
Reading: Comprehension, Strategies and Activities
Reading: Comprehension, Strategies and ActivitiesReading: Comprehension, Strategies and Activities
Reading: Comprehension, Strategies and Activities
 
Essay writing power_point 1
Essay writing power_point 1Essay writing power_point 1
Essay writing power_point 1
 
Preci writing
Preci writingPreci writing
Preci writing
 
Essay Writing (Structure)
Essay Writing (Structure)Essay Writing (Structure)
Essay Writing (Structure)
 
Paragraph Writing
Paragraph WritingParagraph Writing
Paragraph Writing
 
Discursive Essays
Discursive EssaysDiscursive Essays
Discursive Essays
 
Essay-writing
Essay-writingEssay-writing
Essay-writing
 
Paragraph writing
Paragraph writingParagraph writing
Paragraph writing
 
Types of reading
Types of readingTypes of reading
Types of reading
 
Summary writing
Summary writingSummary writing
Summary writing
 
Essay
EssayEssay
Essay
 
Expository writing
Expository writingExpository writing
Expository writing
 
Summarizing and Paraphrasing
Summarizing and ParaphrasingSummarizing and Paraphrasing
Summarizing and Paraphrasing
 
Types of essays
Types of essaysTypes of essays
Types of essays
 

Similar to The Essay Writing Process

Parts of an Essay
Parts of an EssayParts of an Essay
Parts of an Essay
yoyo2012
 
Writing an essay (yosemite)
Writing an essay (yosemite)Writing an essay (yosemite)
Writing an essay (yosemite)
mrsjeff2u
 
Planning and organisation of essays by Cristian Zarza
Planning and organisation of essays by Cristian ZarzaPlanning and organisation of essays by Cristian Zarza
Planning and organisation of essays by Cristian Zarza
Cristian Zarza
 
Welcome to Essentials of English Composition 101. My name is Sta.docx
Welcome to Essentials of English Composition 101. My name is Sta.docxWelcome to Essentials of English Composition 101. My name is Sta.docx
Welcome to Essentials of English Composition 101. My name is Sta.docx
helzerpatrina
 
Detailed Overview Of Writing Process
Detailed Overview Of Writing ProcessDetailed Overview Of Writing Process
Detailed Overview Of Writing Process
weigansm
 
Brief Overview of the Writing Process
Brief Overview of the Writing ProcessBrief Overview of the Writing Process
Brief Overview of the Writing Process
weigansm
 
Essay writing 2nd upload
Essay writing 2nd uploadEssay writing 2nd upload
Essay writing 2nd upload
Edi Brata
 

Similar to The Essay Writing Process (20)

Essay Parts
Essay PartsEssay Parts
Essay Parts
 
Parts of an Essay
Parts of an EssayParts of an Essay
Parts of an Essay
 
Writing an essay (yosemite)
Writing an essay (yosemite)Writing an essay (yosemite)
Writing an essay (yosemite)
 
Topic 3 what are essays
Topic 3 what are essaysTopic 3 what are essays
Topic 3 what are essays
 
Advice on academic writing
Advice on academic writingAdvice on academic writing
Advice on academic writing
 
Planning and organisation of essays by Cristian Zarza
Planning and organisation of essays by Cristian ZarzaPlanning and organisation of essays by Cristian Zarza
Planning and organisation of essays by Cristian Zarza
 
Unit 1 exploring the essay
Unit 1 exploring the essayUnit 1 exploring the essay
Unit 1 exploring the essay
 
Welcome to Essentials of English Composition 101. My name is Sta.docx
Welcome to Essentials of English Composition 101. My name is Sta.docxWelcome to Essentials of English Composition 101. My name is Sta.docx
Welcome to Essentials of English Composition 101. My name is Sta.docx
 
Detailed Overview Of Writing Process
Detailed Overview Of Writing ProcessDetailed Overview Of Writing Process
Detailed Overview Of Writing Process
 
Writing process in essay writing
Writing process in essay writingWriting process in essay writing
Writing process in essay writing
 
Didactic Instructive Guide to Write Good Essays
Didactic Instructive Guide to Write Good EssaysDidactic Instructive Guide to Write Good Essays
Didactic Instructive Guide to Write Good Essays
 
Brief Overview of the Writing Process
Brief Overview of the Writing ProcessBrief Overview of the Writing Process
Brief Overview of the Writing Process
 
Advice on Academic Writing
Advice on Academic WritingAdvice on Academic Writing
Advice on Academic Writing
 
Composition final examination
Composition final examination Composition final examination
Composition final examination
 
The essentials of writing cmh
The essentials of writing cmhThe essentials of writing cmh
The essentials of writing cmh
 
Essay intro-devlp-concl
Essay intro-devlp-conclEssay intro-devlp-concl
Essay intro-devlp-concl
 
The Writing Process WR.ppt
The Writing Process WR.pptThe Writing Process WR.ppt
The Writing Process WR.ppt
 
University of toronto
University of torontoUniversity of toronto
University of toronto
 
academic writing
academic writingacademic writing
academic writing
 
Essay writing 2nd upload
Essay writing 2nd uploadEssay writing 2nd upload
Essay writing 2nd upload
 

The Essay Writing Process

  • 2. A Recursive Process  Writing is also a recursive process. This means that you repeat the steps over and over again, though not necessarily every step, every time.
  • 3. The following diagram illustrates the recursive nature of the writing process.
  • 4. Blogging the Writing Process: An Introduction:  Blogging proved to be an effective tool for the writing process approach as evidenced by the numerous benefits for its use that outweighed the drawbacks. Throughout this course, blogging will be integrated into the five stages of the writing process in order to compose different types of essays.
  • 5. As shown in the diagram below, blogging will be integrated into the five stages of the writing process approach which; in turn, will be broken down to a number of key stages:
  • 6. Parts of an Essay Conclusion Introduction Body Paragraphs
  • 7. Introduction What is an essay ? An essay is a piece of writing that usually has five or more paragraphs. An essay is written about one topic that has several main points. The main points are introduced in an introductory paragraph and supported in body paragraphs. The conclusion is the last paragraph. Essay Body Paragraph 3 Introduction _____________ _____________ Conclusion Body Paragraph 1 _____________ _____________ Body Paragraph 2 _____________
  • 8. Overview of an Essay Introduction General statements and information about the topic Body Paragraph 1 Thesis statement- Body Paragraphs lists the main ideas Body in the essay Support the main Paragraph 2 ideas of the thesis statement Body Begin with topic Paragraph 3 sentences Conclusion Brief summary of main points of the essay
  • 9. The Hamburger Method  Essays, like sandwiches or burgers, are divided into different parts.  Introduction  Body  Conclusion
  • 10. Parts of an Essay An Introduction An introductory paragraph is the first paragraph in an essay. It contains two parts. 1. General Statements: a few sentences about your subject that catch the attention of your reader. 2. A Thesis Statement: one sentence that tells your reader the main points of your topic and states the overall “plan” of your essay.
  • 11. Parts of an Essay Body Paragraphs The body consists of one or more paragraphs following the introduction. Each paragraph supports the main idea of your essay by breaking it down into smaller ideas or sub- topics. Each body paragraph consists of a topic sentence and several supporting sentences. A conclusion sentence draws the paragraph together. Body Body Body Introduction Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3
  • 12. Parts of an Essay Conclusion The conclusion paragraph is the last paragraph in the essay. It completes the essay by summarizing or repeating the most important ideas. The conclusion can also include an opinion, a prediction, or a solution to a problem. Introduction Body Paragraph 1 Body Paragraph 2 Body Paragraph 3 Conclusion
  • 13. Example An Introduction General Statements Going to a new school can be exciting, but for an international student, the years of education in a different country can be difficult and tumultuous. When I first arrived in the U.S. to attend a university, I was overwhelmed and confused by everything new. Fortunately, I met three very special friends who made a positive impact on my life during those years and helped me survive the trials of being a foreigner in a completely different educational system. Thesis Statement
  • 14. Example Body Paragraph Topic Sentence One of the first people I met was Joe Frieda. I first met Joe standing in a line at the bookstore. I was having a difficult time finding the books for the English classes I was taking my first semester here. He not only helped me find my books, but he also gave me some good advice on where to get tutorial help on campus and where I could find some good restaurants. We’ve become better friends since then and he has been so helpful in answering any questions I have about going to school in the U.S. and about American culture. If I hadn’t met Joe that day, I might still be looking for the right books for my classes! Concluding Sentence Supporting Sentences
  • 15. Example Conclusion Summary of Main Ideas “The significance of the kindness that these three people showed me and the impact that it has made on my life during my experience as an international student at State University cannot be underestimated. I will never forget their friendship and will remember their examples of kindness to me whenever I encounter other foreigners in my own country. Promise or Resolution
  • 16. Stages of the Writing Process
  • 17. 1)Prewriting  Prewriting is the first stage of the writing process. Prewriting, as its name suggests, is something you do before you write a paragraph or essay or other written work. The purpose of the prewriting stage is to find a topic for writing, to collect ideas and information, and to do research if necessary. There are many different types of prewriting that help writers generate ideas. The different types of prewriting that we will explore here are: freewriting, brainstorming, clustering, questioning, and Venn diagram.
  • 18. A) Freewriting  Freewriting is when someone writes freely what comes to mind in sentences or phrases, without worrying about grammar, punctuation or making sense.
  • 19. B)Brainstorming  Brainstorming or listing is when you freely write down all ideas in the order which they occur to you.
  • 20. C) Questioning  When you prewrite with the questioning technique, you are trying to find out the How? Who? What? Where? When? and Why? about your topic.
  • 21. D) Clustering  Clustering, or mind mapping is a "visual of outlining", putting the main topic in the center of paper and lining it with any new ideas associated. You can also group sub- ideas around this new idea. This strategy allows you to collect ideas effectively and, particularly, understand the logic contained between ideas.
  • 22.
  • 23. E) Venn diagram  A Venn diagram is used to help visualize the similarities and differences between two subjects. Venn diagrams are very useful when brainstorming a compare and contrast essay.
  • 24. 2)Drafting  Drafting is the second stage of the writing process. At this stage, the writer should write a complete first draft using his or her notes from prewriting as a guide. The purpose in drafting is to have a complete draft, not a perfect one, so writers are encouraged to ignore spelling or grammar mistakes and write quickly
  • 25. 3)Revising  Revising is the third stage of the writing process In fact, to revise means literally to “re-see” or “re-look” at your writing. When you revise, you look at the parts of your essay and make sure that each part works together to make a coherent whole. Similarly, feedback from others can help you identify those parts of the essay that work well--and those that do not. Revising often includes adding, cutting, moving, or changing information in order to make the ideas clearer, more accurate, more interesting, or more convincing.
  • 26. 4)Editing  Editing is the fourth stage of the writing process. In this stage, you check your text to make sure that there are no errors in grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
  • 27. 5) Publishing  This is the last stage of the writing process. In this stage, you share the essay you have written with the readers you determined in the prewriting stage.The purpose of publishing is to share and celebrate your finished products. When writers publish their writing, they produce a clean, neat final draft thatis free of errors.