The effect of british colonization on aboriginal people
The effect of British colonization onAboriginal people of Australia
Between 1788 and 1900, the Aboriginal population of Australia was reduced by 90%
Introduction of new diseasesloss of peoplethrough direct fighting with loss of European settlers. land
Diseases Cont….• The most immediate consequence of British settlement was the appearance of European diseases.Chickenpox Smallpox Influenza Measles• As these diseases were infectious, they spread very quickly and killed many people. In large Aboriginal communities, the diseases spread even more quickly.
• Another consequence of British settlement was the reduction of access to land and water resources.• The settlers took the view that Aboriginal people, with a nomadic lifestyle, could easily be driven away from their lands.• By the 1870s all the fertile areas of Australia had been taken from Aboriginal people and given to the white settlers.
• The loss of land and other essential resources such as food and water posed great danger to Aboriginal people who were left with no place to live and nowhere to hunt food.• Already weakened by the new diseases spread by the new settlers, Aboriginal people had dramatically reduced chances for survival.
Two Choices for • Aboriginal people hadthe Aborigines two choices, they could resist or learn to live like the newcomers • The resistance by Aboriginal people often led to killings or massacres • The Aborigines who did not resist became very dependent on European settlers