SS7CG6a Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary,confederation, and federal. Concept: Governance
Vocabulary Words To Know Unitary Confederation Federal
UNITARY• characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority.
CONFEDERATION• voluntary associations of independent states that, to secure some common purpose, agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action and establish some joint machinery of consultation or deliberation.
FEDERAL• characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities.
SSCG6aBelow are distribution of power examples China United Nations India and Japan Group of independent Form of government where Form of government where states that have a common power is DIVIDED between one central group holds one central group and several interest or purpose that ALL the power. regional groups. SHARES the power. UNITARY CONFEDERATIO FEDERAL NDISTRIBUTION OF POWER
SS7CG6b Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic,oligarchic, and democratic. Concept: Governance
Vocabulary Words To Know Autocratic Oligarchic Democratic
AUTOCRATIC• government in which one person possesses unlimited power and the citizen has little if any role in the government. (like a dictatorship or even a monarchy)
OLIGARCHIC• government by the few, sometimes a government in which a small group exercises control especially for corrupt and selfish purposes. The citizen has a very limited role.
DEMOCRATIC• a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people an exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.
SSCG6b Below are citizen participation examples AUTOCRATIC OLIGARCHIC DEMOCRATICGovernment where one Government where a Government where theperson has unlimited small group of people citizens have all thepower and the citizen who have all the power power either directly orhas little if any role or and the citizen has a indirectly through freerights. very limited role. elections.NORTH KOREA CHINA INDIA and JAPAN CITIZEN PARTICIPATION
SS7CG6c Describe the two predominant forms ofdemocratic governments: parliamentary and presidential. Concept: Governance
Vocabulary Words To Know Parliamentary Presidential
PARLIAMENTARY• a democracy having a parliament, a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature. May have a Prime Minister elected by the legislature.
PRESIDENTIAL• a system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature.
SSCG6cBelow are democratic government examples PARLIAMENTARY PRESIDENTIAL A cabinet (group of people) or Prime The President is elected by Minister elected by the legislature and the citizens and is part of the not the citizens. Legislative branch that makes the laws have a large executive branch, not the share of the power. legislative branch. INDIA and JAPAN SOUTH KOREADEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENTS
SS7CG7aCompare and contrast the federal republic ofThe Republic of India, the communist state of The People’s Republic China, and the constitutional monarchy of Japan, distinguishing the form of leadership and therole of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms. Concepts: Governance
COUNTR TYPE OF FORM OF VOTING PERSONAL Y GOVERNMEN LEADERSHIP RIGHTS FREEDOMS TRepubli FEDERAL PRESIDENT PARLIAMEN These includec of REPUBLIC: TARY individual rightsIndia a govt. in which How does the president DEMOCRAC common to most the powers of become the leader? Y democracies, such as the central President is elected by equality before law, government are an electoral college Universal freedom of speech, limited and the consisting of elected (men and freedom of association component members of both women) and peaceful parts (states, houses of Parliament voting age 18 assembly, freedom to colonies, or and the legislatures of years and up practice religion, and provinces) the states for a five-year India is the the right to have some term (no term limits) world’s constitutional self- government largest protection of civil rights. also; ultimate democracy. These rights are sovereign guaranteed regardless power rests of race, religion, caste, with the voters sex, or place of birth. who chose Discrimination against their women is still a major governmental problem, and the caste representatives system is still observed
COUNTR TYPE OF FORM OF VOTING PERSONAL FREEDOMS Y GOVERNMEN LEADERSHIP RIGHTS TThe COMMUNIST PRESIDENT PARLIAMENTAR Although the constitutionPeople’s STATE: Y guarantees freedom of speech, a system of How does the president “DEMOCRACY” the Chinese government oftenRepublic government in become the leader? uses a state power clause toof China which the state President is elected by Universal (men imprison those who are critical plans and National Peoples and women) of the government. China is controls most of Congress for a five-year voting age 18 known for its intolerance of the economy term (eligible for a second years and up organized opposition towards and a single - term); National People’s vote for the the government. Opposition often Congress is made up of National People’s groups are routinely arrested authoritarian all Communist Party Congress, but the and imprisoned, often for long party holds members. No substantial people have little periods of time and without power. political opposition groups say for change trial. Incidents of torture, forced In other words exist. with only one confessions and forced labor there is only party to vote for are widely reported. Freedom ONE political In other words, it of assembly and association is party that is not a TRUE extremely limited. Also, there is matters or has “democracy” very heavy government any power and involvement in the media, with that is the most of the largest media Communist organizations being run directly Party. by the government. Peasants A true (a majority of the population) democracy has have fewer rights in reality. multiple political Families in urban areas are
COUNTRY TYPE OF FORM OF VOTING PERSONAL GOVERNME LEADERSHIP RIGHTS FREEDOMS NTConstitutional CONSTITUTIONA PRIME MINISTER PARLIAMENTAR Since the United StatesMonarchy L MONARCHY Y helped rebuild Japanof Japan AND How does the Prime Minister DEMOCRAC after WWII and write the PARLIAMENTAR become the leader? Y Y constitution, many rights The Diet (legislative branch consisting of House of are similar and fall under Universal a system of Councillors and House of life, liberty, and the voting age 20 government in Representatives) chooses prime pursuit of happiness which a and up minister; constitution requires including freedom of monarch is that prime minister commands speech, freedom of guided by a parliamentary majority so constitution thought and conscience; following legislative elections, whereby academic freedom; the leader of majority party in House his/her rights, of Representatives usually prohibition of duties, and becomes prime minister; discrimination based on responsibilities monarch is hereditary. In the race, religion, social are spelled out case of Japan, they have a status, or family origin. and limited by monarch who is not actively However, Human written law or involved in national policy trafficking and by custom. formation or implementation (the discrimination against monarch is a women and ethnic symbolic/ceremonial position only); true governmental minorities are still leadership is carried out by the problems. Prime Minister who comes from
Constitutional Monarchyform of government that is guided by a constitution (written set of laws); the head of state is a king or queen that has limited powers; the real power typically lies with a prime minister that is elected by the citizens
Dietlegislative/law-making body or parliament in Japan; it is bicameral consisting of the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors
Communism an economic and political system inwhich property is owned collectivelyand labor is organized in a way that is supposed to benefit all people; the government controls all resources (natural, capital, and human)
Which country is a federal republic with aparliamentary system with three branches of government; has a president who is chief ofstate and a prime minister who is head of the government; has a bicameral legislature; citizens 18 and older can vote in the world’s largest democracy.
Which country has an authoritarian communistgovernment with three branches; a president(head of state), vice president, State Council, apremier (head of government); a unicamerallegislature (National People’s Congress); a largecommunist political party that supervises 8 minorparties; men and women 18 and older can vote buthave little influence; citizens are censored fromspeaking out or favoring democratic ideals.
Which country has a constitutional monarchy with aparliamentary form of government with threebranches; a prime minister (head of government) andministers of state who are civilians and appointed bythe prime minister; there is an emperor, but he lacksany power and is more of ceremonial figure and symbolof the state; a bicameral legislature called the Diet whoselect the prime minister; people can vote by the age of20 and elect their representatives by popular vote?