<ul><li>Aborigines - 1 st inhabitants – indigenous people </li></ul><ul><li>*resemble primitive people from Asia and South Pacific Islands </li></ul><ul><li>*may have come across land bridges from SE Asia </li></ul><ul><li>*hunting and gathering group </li></ul>
Possessions of Aborigines – boomerangs, spears, tools of wood and stone for digging, cutting and carrying things
Art of aborigines – rock painting symbolic of spiritual ancestors
Walkabout – present day term for nomadic wandering
Explorers – 16th Century – explorations began *Portugese able to see Australia but didn’t land there * Abel Tasman- Dutch explorer
Early settlements – difficult because soil was poor *people didn’t like the native plants for food
Effects of settlers on aborigines – lands were taken away by settlers *put up little resistance *weakened by western diseases; use of alcohol, and breakdown of tribal ties
Sheep -introduced in 1805 by retired British navy captain , John Macarthur
John Macarthur later had his picture on a 2 dollar bill in Australia.
Sheep shearing-The sheep are shaved and the wool is sold.
Australian Gold Rush – gold was discovered in the interior of Australia and caused the west to grow
Edward Hargreaves – 1 st to discover gold in Australia "There is as much gold in the country I’m going to as there is in California, and Her Most Gracious Majesty, the Queen, God bless her, will appoint me one of her Gold Commissioners". - Edward Hargraves