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Australia history powerpoint


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Australia history powerpoint

  1. 1. The History of Australia to 1901
  2. 2. <ul><li>Aborigines - 1 st inhabitants – indigenous people </li></ul><ul><li>*resemble primitive people from Asia and South Pacific Islands </li></ul><ul><li>*may have come across land bridges from SE Asia </li></ul><ul><li>*hunting and gathering group </li></ul>
  3. 4. Possessions of Aborigines – boomerangs, spears, tools of wood and stone for digging, cutting and carrying things
  4. 6. Art of aborigines – rock painting symbolic of spiritual ancestors
  5. 8. Walkabout – present day term for nomadic wandering
  6. 9. Explorers – 16th Century – explorations began *Portugese able to see Australia but didn’t land there * Abel Tasman- Dutch explorer
  7. 10. Abel Tasman’s routes
  8. 11. Portrait of Abel Tasman
  9. 12. Captain James Cook – 1 st to survey Australia’s coast in 1770 *made way through coral reefs to reach mainland
  10. 13. Captain Cook’s Routes
  11. 14. Convicts -debtors shipped to Australia from Britain to work out their sentence
  12. 15. First Fleet of prisoners to arrive in Australia
  13. 16. Convicts building roads
  14. 17. Jail Gang
  15. 18. Port Royal – penal colony
  16. 19. Early settlements – difficult because soil was poor *people didn’t like the native plants for food
  17. 20. Effects of settlers on aborigines – lands were taken away by settlers *put up little resistance *weakened by western diseases; use of alcohol, and breakdown of tribal ties
  18. 21. Sheep -introduced in 1805 by retired British navy captain , John Macarthur
  19. 22. John Macarthur later had his picture on a 2 dollar bill in Australia.
  20. 24. Sheep shearing-The sheep are shaved and the wool is sold.
  21. 27. Australian Gold Rush – gold was discovered in the interior of Australia and caused the west to grow
  22. 28. Edward Hargreaves – 1 st to discover gold in Australia &quot;There is as much gold in the country I’m going to as there is in California, and Her Most Gracious Majesty, the Queen, God bless her, will appoint me one of her Gold Commissioners&quot;. - Edward Hargraves