“To what extent did MohandasGandhi’s belief in non-violent protest shape India?” SS7H3: “The student will analyze continuity and change in Southern and Eastern Asia leading to the 21st Century.” b) “Describe the impact of Mohandas Gandhi’s belief in non-protest.”
King and Gandhi“Nonviolence is the “I object to violence when itanswer to the crucial appears to do good. Thepolitical and moral good is only temporary;questions of our time…” the evil it does is - permanent.” Martin Luther King, Jr. - Mohandas Gandhi
Guiding Questions (King Quote) • What do you remember about Martin Luther King, Jr. from 5th grade? • How did Martin Luther King, Jr. lead the civil rights movement in the“Nonviolence is the U.S.?answer to the crucial • What do you believepolitical and moral would have occurred ifquestions of our time…” King used more violent - Martin Luther King, Jr. methods to influence the civil rights movement?
Guiding Questions (Gandhi Quote) • What did Mohandas Gandhi believe about violence? • What do Mohandas Gandhi and Martin Luther“I object to violence when King, Jr. have in common?it appears to do good. • How do you think thatThe good is only Gandhi led the Indiantemporary; the evil it independence movementdoes is permanent.” against the British? - Mohandas Gandhi
Excerpt: Excerpt:“I Still Believe in Non-Violence” “Congress Responsibility For The Disturbances, 1942-43” “For the non-violent soldier must At the risk of some repetition, it is have the capacity to bear severe necessary to emphasize again the beatings, torture, mutilations, fact that Mr. Gandhi knew that any starvation and worse, and accept mass movement started in India these without fear and without would be a violent movement. He answer against those who knew this from his bitter oppress him.” experience of the movements he had led ten and twenty years before. In spite of this knowledge, he was prepared to take the risk of outbreaks of rioting and disorder— Gandhi, M. K. (1943, June 26). I still a risk which in his writings he tried believe in non-violence. Collier’s, 17. to minimize but in his mind he must have estimated correctly. The Indian Annual Register, 1942, Vol. II, pp. 199-20O
Gandhi Articles • Read your selected article: – “I Still Believe in Non- Violence” – “The World Will Hear More of Gandhi” • While you read your article, complete your “Reading Guide.”
Summary• Students will work in cooperative groups of 3.• Share your summaries with your group members and draw conclusions about the impact of Gandhi’s belief in non-violent protest.• As you listen to the other summaries, identify similarities and differences that are discovered.
RAFT Activity“I Still Believe in Non- “The World Will Hear More ofViolence” Gandhi”• Role: • Role:– A farmer in India – A British soldier who is stationed• Audience: in India– Other Indian farmers • Audience:• Format: – Himself– Letter • Format:• Topic: – Journal entry– Why they should follow Gandhi in • Topic: his non-violent protest against the – His personal struggle against the British non-violent protestors