Figurative Language Terms

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Figurative Language Terms and Examples

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Figurative Language Terms

  1. 1. Literary Terms You Should Know On your paper, write the definition, and one example for each term.
  2. 2. Figurative Language <ul><li>a tool a writer uses to help the reader visualize what is happening in a piece of writing </li></ul>
  3. 3. Simile <ul><li>a comparison between two unlike things using the words like , as or than </li></ul><ul><li>-The sun is like a yellow ball of fire in the sky. </li></ul><ul><li>- Her feet were bigger than boats. </li></ul><ul><li>- They fought like cats and dogs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Metaphor <ul><li>a comparison between two unlike things without using the words like, as, or than ; when one thing is the other thing </li></ul><ul><li>- Her home was a prison. </li></ul><ul><li>- His hair is straw. </li></ul><ul><li>- George is a sheep. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hyperbole <ul><li>the use of a big exaggeration to make a point or for effect. </li></ul><ul><li>- He has tons of money. </li></ul><ul><li>- Her brain is the size of a pea. </li></ul><ul><li>- I’ve told you a million times to capitalize people’s names. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Idioms <ul><li>expressions that usually cannot be understood by defining the separate words </li></ul><ul><li>- I’m so hungry I could eat a horse. </li></ul><ul><li>- That test was a piece of cake. </li></ul><ul><li>- Something fishy is going on around here! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Allusion <ul><li>a reference to something from literature, history, or culture to express a point. </li></ul><ul><li>- Christy didn't like to spend money, but she was no Scrooge. </li></ul><ul><li>- The cinnamon rolls were huge and golden brown, reminiscent of the twisted buns on the sides of Princess Leia's head. </li></ul><ul><li>- I am afraid of spiders, but I'm no cowardly lion! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Personification <ul><li>giving human qualities to non-human objects </li></ul><ul><li>- The rain kissed my cheeks as it fell. </li></ul><ul><li>- The car engine coughed and sputtered as it started. </li></ul><ul><li>- The microwave timer told me my pizza was ready. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Alliteration <ul><li>repetition of an initial consonant sound; there should be at least two repetitions in a row </li></ul><ul><li>- The wooly walrus wonders when we’ll walk by. </li></ul><ul><li>- Sally sells seashells by the seashore. </li></ul><ul><li>- Peter Piper picks pickled peppers. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Onomatopoeia <ul><li>when a word sounds like what it represents </li></ul><ul><li>- splash </li></ul><ul><li>- drip </li></ul><ul><li>- smush </li></ul><ul><li>- splat </li></ul>
  11. 11. Imagery <ul><li>the use of vivid sensory description to create mental pictures. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>- The room was dark and musty and smelled like an old shoe. </li></ul><ul><li>- The blueberries were as big as your thumb and tasted like soot. </li></ul><ul><li>- We heard the horses hoofs clatter on the cobblestone street. </li></ul>

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