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Literary terms


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English/Language Arts I Literary Terms

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Literary terms

  1. 1. Antagonist • the character or force which opposes the main character
  2. 2. Protagonist • the main character in a work of fiction
  3. 3. • the turning point of a story
  4. 4. Conflict • a problem to be resolved; a struggle within a character, between characters, or with an outside force
  5. 5. Conflict-man v. man
  6. 6. Conflict-man v. nature
  7. 7. Conflict-man v. himself
  8. 8. Conflict-man v. society
  9. 9. Denouement • the resolution; loose ends are tied up
  10. 10. Exposition • background information within the story
  11. 11. Flashback • reenactment of a past event
  12. 12. Foreshadowing • hints or clues given to the outcome of a story
  13. 13. Irony-- • Verbal Irony—saying the opposite of what is meant. An acute example of this would be sarcasm. Ex.: as clear as mud • contrary to fact; contrast between appearance and reality, usually one that is opposite from what is expected
  14. 14. Irony of character
  15. 15. Irony of situation
  16. 16. Plot a related series of incidents in a literary plot that build toward the point of greatest interest the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved
  17. 17. Point of View • The perspective that the author has chosen to tell the story.
  18. 18. Point of View--first person, author participant • point of view in which the author is telling the story from the viewpoint from inside a particular character. "I, me, my"
  19. 19. Point of View--second person point of view • point of view in which the author is telling the story from your viewpoint. The author uses the pronoun "you" and places the reader within the story. This is rarely used.
  20. 20. Point of View--third person, author limited • point of view in which the author is telling the story from the viewpoint of one character's thoughts, actions, knowledge."He, she, it"
  21. 21. Point of View--third person, author omniscient • point of view in which the author is telling the story from the viewpoint of all the characters, their thoughts and actions. Narrator is outside of the story. "He, she, it"
  22. 22. Setting • the time and the place of a story
  23. 23. Stereotype • a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing. • A typecast, preconceived conception or image of a person or group
  24. 24. Symbol • something that stands for something else
  25. 25. Theme • the main/central idea of a story
  26. 26. Genre • a category of literary or artistic work
  27. 27. Short Story • a fictional work of literature meant to be read in one sitting
  28. 28. Novel • a extended fictional work in prose
  29. 29. Types of Novel • Gothic romance, realistic, adventure, satire, science fiction, historical, allegorical