Human body systems review

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Human body systems review

  1. 1. Structures, Functions, and Interactions
  2. 2. <ul><li>Structures: Mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach, gallbladder, pancreas, large intestines, small intestines, rectum </li></ul><ul><li>Function: breaks down food into molecules the body can use, and eliminates waste </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions: Uses the circulatory system to take food to the individual cells, forms the end of the excretory system to expel solid waste. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Structures: kidney, urinary bladder, urethra, anus, large intestines </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: Blood is filtered through the kidneys and removed from the body. (Urinary) Unused digested foods are removed through the anus (Excretory) </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions: Cleans waste from the circulatory system and digestive system </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Structures: Nose, Lungs, Wind Pipe </li></ul><ul><li>Function: Moves oxygen into the body and removes carbon dioxide and water from the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions: Circulatory system carries oxygen to the cells and carbon dioxide away. </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>Structures: Heart, blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: Heart pumps blood through all blood vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions: Highway system of the body, carries food (digestive) and oxygen (respiratory) to the cells and carries waste away. </li></ul>
  6. 10. <ul><li>Structures: brain, spinal column, nerves. </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: detects & interprets info from inside and outside the body; control center </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions: Tells muscles to contract (voluntary), tells heart to pump (involuntary) </li></ul>
  7. 12. <ul><li>Organs: glands, hypothalamus, thyroid, ovaries, testes </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: Sends out chemical messages </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions: Sends growth hormones to skeletal system. </li></ul>
  8. 14. <ul><li>Structures: bones, cartilage, joints, marrow </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: provides shape and support, enables you to move, protects your internal organs </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions: bones make your red blood cells (cardiovascular). </li></ul>
  9. 16. <ul><li>Structures: skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and cardiac muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: Involuntary muscles are responsible for activities such as breathing and digesting food; Voluntary muscles are under your control </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions: All systems, all of your organs are made of muscle </li></ul>
  10. 18. <ul><li>Structures: white blood cells, skin, stomach, phagocytes, lymphocytes </li></ul><ul><li>Function: defends the body against germs and microorganisms </li></ul><ul><li>Interactions: All systems, Lymphatic system gets rid of bacteria and viruses </li></ul>

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