Vimalakititsutra[1] (1)


Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Education
  • Be the first to comment

Vimalakititsutra[1] (1)

  1. 1. Vimalakirti Sutra Ankaching Marma Sub: Mahayana Sutra Lect: Dr. B. Sudarat Year: 3rd Year
  2. 2. Contents • Introduction – Author, Date, Theme, • Story overview • Chapter I – Buddha/Pure Land • Chapter II - Skillful Means • Chapter III – Reluctance of the Disciples • Chapter IV – Reluctance of the Bodhisattvas • Chapter V – Manjuri’s Visit to Vimalakirti • Chapter VI - Inconceivable Liberation • Chapter VII – Viewing Sentient Beings
  3. 3. Introduction • About the text: • The text contains fourteen chapters. • The text is composed in dialogue forms with many characters. • Layman teaching dharma • Spiritual potential of womanhood. • Non-duality
  4. 4. • Date: • The sutra was probably composed during 100 CE. • 188 CE by Kuṣāṇa monk Lokakṣema from Gnadhara to China but lost • Six times in translations to Chinese • And later around 406 CE , translated by Kumarajiva to Chinese Yao Quin Dynasty.
  5. 5. • Theme: • The philosophical aspect of this sutra: Non-duality and emptiness. • Non-duality philosophy teaches no judgment of things, characteristic etc. - Good and bad is duality, no generation of good and bad is non-duality. - Self and non-self - Wisdom and ignorance… - Even itself duality and non-duality
  6. 6. • “Duality is constituted by perceptual manifestation. Nonduality is objectlessness. Therefore, nongrasping and nonrejection is the entrance into nonduality.”
  7. 7. Story Overview • Vaisali- Buddha and Vimalakirti • Pretended to be sick • Buddha’s requests to disciples and Bodhisattva • Reluctant because unparallel knowledge of Vimalakirti. • Manjusri discussion on non-duality chance from pretension.
  8. 8. Chapter 1 – Buddha/Pure Land • The venue of scenario begins with monks and Boddhisattvas in the garden of Amrapali near Vaisali. • Licchavi Ratnakara uttered verses in praise of the Buddha. • The Buddha preached on the purity of the Buddha land requested by Ratnakara. • Bodhisattva’s pure land; Profound mind, Six perfections, Four Brahmaviharas, Four means of attractions, Skillful means, Thirty-seven factors of enlightenment, etc.
  9. 9. • Buddha and Brahma Sikhin clearing doubts of ven. Sariputta. • The Buddha said “Sariputra, this buddha-field is always thus pure, but the Tathagata makes it appear to be spoiled by many faults, in order to bring about the maturity of the inferior living beings.” • Example of nectar in Trayastimsa heaven(taste according their degree of merits) viewing the Buddha-land. • “We cannot see it as a pure land because our minds are impure. When our minds are impure, even paradise may seem like hell.” – Robert Thurman, commentary
  10. 10. Chapter II - Skillful Means • Vimalakirti was a lay Bodhisattva, lived for the sake of others. • He pretended to be sick as means of skillful means to teach dharma to others. • The body of the Nirmanakaya(for ordinary) is subject to suffering. • Therefore, Vimalakirti urged to gain the body of the Buddha and Dharma.
  11. 11. Chapter III – Reluctance of the Disciples • Reading the thought of Vimalakirti, “ I am lying sick in bed. How can the world-honored one, He of Great Sympathy, not take pity on me.” • The Buddha told to visit Vimakiriti to different disciples; Sariputta, Mahamaudalyayana, Mahakasyapa, Subhuti, Purna, Mahakatyayana, Aniruddha, Upali, Rahula, Ana nda untill 500 great disciples. • Every disciples were reluctant to see as they recollected their past incidents.
  12. 12. • Vimalakirti attacked with words to experts of specific field i.e • “ O Katyayana, do not explain the Dharma of the true characteristic using mental process of the generation and extinction.” -“ Katyayana, the dharmas are ultimately neither generated nor extinguished: this is the meaning of impermanence.” -“The five skandhas are empty throughout, with no arising: this is the meaning of suffering.” - “The dharmas ultimately does not exist: this is the meaning of emptiness.” - “There is no self in self, yet no duality: this is meaning of non-self.”
  13. 13. Chapter IV – Reluctance of the Bodhisattvas • Afterward, the Buddha approached to all the Bodhisattvas and they all refused. • To Maitreya: taking his example of future Buddha, the suchness /buddha-nature in all sentient beings for anuttara samyaksambodhi.
  14. 14. • To Jagatimdhara: and mara women - “Sisters, a single lamp may light hundreds of thousands of lamps without itself being diminished. Likewise, sisters, a single bodhisattva may establish many hundreds of thousands of living beings in enlightenment without his mindfulness being diminished.” • Woman spiritual potentialities in higlight • To Suddatta: the greatest gift of dharma than the material wealth.
  15. 15. Chapter V – Manjuri’s Visit to Vimalakirti • Manjusri a accepted the Buddha’s request to visit Vimalakirti. • Vimalakirti answered the questions of Manjusri as way of preaching. - What is the cause from which this illness arise? Has it been affecting you long? How will it be extinguished? - Stupidity, and extinguished of all sentient beings.
  16. 16. Chapter VI - Inconceivable Liberation • By reading the thought of Sariputta, Vimalakirti preached “ inconceivable liberation” • “ O Sariputta, in the seeking the dharma one should not be attached to the Buddha in seeking, nor be attached to the dharma in seeking….” • Explaining about the dharma and its way of practice.
  17. 17. • The inconceivable emancipation of bodhisattvas; Sumera mountain into mustard seed without any changes, four great oceans into one pore, • “ A bodhisattva who resides in inconceivable emancipation can take the sentient beings of a buddha land in the right palm and fly to all ten directions…..” • Thus description is in such mystical and magical. • Therefore it is “ inconceivable”
  18. 18. Chapter VII – Viewing Sentient Beings • This chapter interestingly defining some buddhist terms in a philosophical manner. • Vimalakirti answered to the question of Manjusri . • “ How should the bodhisattva view sentient beings?” - like moon in the water, image in the mirror, sixth skandhas etc…
  19. 19. • How should practice sympathy to sentient beings? - Practice sympathy of peace and joy, because of causing to attain the joy of Buddhahood. • What is compassion? - “ the merits achieved by the bodhisattva. • What is the fundamental basis of body - Desire
  20. 20. Thank you !