Run on sentences

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a brief lesson on sentence structures

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Run on sentences

  1. 1. Chapter 24 Or Section 7.3
  2. 2. <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>A sentence with too many ideas in it (confusing) or inadequate punctuation (bad grammar) is a Run-on Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>This is considered a major error, as it indicates the writer does not recognize the basic building block of writing – the sentence. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>I was sitting on my bed listening to the radio when my roommate came in and complained about the noise which she said was disturbing her because she was trying to work and I just stared at her because the radio was on low and besides, she has her TV on so loud all the time that I can’t sleep but I don’t complain about it because I’m trying to get along with her so she’ll stay in the house with me and continue to share the rent because I can’t afford to live here by myself. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Comma Splice </li></ul><ul><li>Fused Sentence </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Using a comma to join together 2 independent clauses (complete sentences) </li></ul><ul><li>Something stronger than a comma is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Example) This film is boring, it has no action. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>No punctuation is used to join 2 complete sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Example) This film is boring it has no action. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Use a period to make 2 separate sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Example) This film is boring. It has no action. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a semi-colon to make 2 sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Example) This film is boring; it has no action. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Add an appropriate linking word between the 2 sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>a) Add a coordinating conjunction : for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so (remember these easily with FANBOYS ). </li></ul><ul><li>You must use a comma before these words! </li></ul><ul><li>Ex) This film is boring, for it has no action. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>b) Change one of the independent clauses into a dependent clause by adding a subordinating conjunction ( because, after, since, while…) </li></ul><ul><li>Use no comma if the S.C. comes in the middle of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a comma if the S.C. comes at the start of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Ex) This film is boring because it has no action. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex) Because it has no action, this film is boring. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Add a transitional expression (word or phrase) to show a cause & effect relationship, or the continuation of an idea </li></ul><ul><li>For a list of these expressions, see pg. 428 </li></ul><ul><li>Ex) for example, therefore, consequently, in fact, thus, on the other hand…. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>The forecast called for rain; instead, we got sun. </li></ul><ul><li>My neighbours are noisy; therefore, I got little sleep last night. </li></ul><ul><li>I like champagne; however, I can’t afford it. </li></ul><ul><li>Notice the semi-colon BEFORE the transition and the comma AFTER it!! </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>There is no absolute rule about how many clauses you can glue together with semi-colons and linking words, but try not to use more than 3 clauses (2 semi-colons) in one sentence. Any more gets confusing and hard to read. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>June is a month of nice weather that doesn’t explain why it is the most popular month for weddings the month is named after Juno, the Roman goddess of marriage. People believed that Juno would bless couples married during her month, we’ve forgotten about Juno but still prefer June weddings. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>The most popular song in the world was composed in 1893, it was written by two sisters in Kentucky. Mildred and Patty Hill’s song was first titled “Good Morning to You” later the sisters changed the words to “Happy Birthday to You.” </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Exercise 24.1, page 349 </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 24.3, page 350 </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 7.10.1, page 453 </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 7.10.3, page 456 </li></ul>

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