Sentence Structure

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Sentence Structure

  1. 1. Sentence Structure University of the Sacred Heart Department of Humanities Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines LAD
  2. 2. Objective To provide the student with pointers on how to construct sentences
  3. 3. Simple Sentence A simple sentence has one subject and one predicate
  4. 4. Simple Sentence Observe how a simple sentence is constructed: We went to San Juan yesterday.
  5. 5. Simple Sentence Pronoun Verb Prepositional phrase We went to San Juan . Simple subject Complete predicate
  6. 6. Compound Sentence  A compound sentence has more than one part that can stand alone (independent clauses)  Independent clauses are connected by coordinating conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs or a semi-colon.
  7. 7. Compound Sentence We went to San Juan, and most of us danced all night.
  8. 8. Compound Sentence Subject Verb Prepositional phrase We went to San Juan, Predicate Coordinating Conjunction and most of us danced all night . Subject Verb Modifying phrase
  9. 9. Compound Sentences  My parents caught a severe cold; consequently, they had to cancel their vacation. Conjunctive Adverb Some people like basketball; others prefer baseball. Semi-colon
  10. 10. Complex Sentence  A complex sentence has at least two parts: one that can stand alone and another one that cannot The part that cannot stand alone is linked to the rest of the sentence by a subordinating conjunction
  11. 11. Complex Sentence Since my boyfriend and I wanted to have fun, we went to San Juan yesterday.
  12. 12. Complex Sentence Since we wanted to have fun, Part that cannot stand alone Subordinating Conjunction Subject Predicate we went to San Juan yesterday.
  13. 13. Compound-Complex Sentence  This type of sentence has more than one part that can stand alone, and at least one that cannot  Notice how the different conjunctions link the different parts of this sentence
  14. 14. Compound-Complex Sentence Since we wanted to have fun, my boyfriend and I went to San Juan yesterday, and we danced all night.
  15. 15. Compound-Complex Sentence Subordinating Conjunction Since we wanted to have fun, Part that cannot stand alone my boyfriend and I went to San Juan, Coordinating Subject Predicate Conjunction and we danced all night.
  16. 16. For More Information Index English Grammar and Composition http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/index2. Tons of Fun with Grammar http://www.seasite.niu.edu/flin/103_handouts/senten ces_and_phrases.htm Grammar Book Table of Contents http://www.grammarbook.com/exercises/grammar/ cnt_gram.html
  17. 17. Thank You Center for Language Development Across the Disciplines Prepared by: Thalia N. Nazario-Santiago Coordinator for the Center for Languages and Cultures April-June 2003 Revised by: Patricia Kidd August 2004 Revised by: Prof. Delia Serrano January 2005

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