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Roman Gov Structure Punic Wars

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Roman Gov Structure Punic Wars

  1. 1. Ancient Rome and Early Christianity Structure of the Republic The Punic Wars
  2. 2. Structure of the Republic <ul><li>Rome combined what were considered to be the best characteristics of a monarchy, aristocracy and democracy. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Praetors </li></ul><ul><li>8 judges chosen for one year by Centuriate Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>2 oversaw civil and criminal courts </li></ul><ul><li>6 governed provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Senate (patricians) </li></ul><ul><li>Perform legislative and administrative functions </li></ul><ul><li>300 upper class citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced foreign/domestic policy </li></ul><ul><li>Tribal Assembly (plebians) </li></ul><ul><li>Organized by province </li></ul><ul><li>Members for life </li></ul><ul><li>Elected tribunes </li></ul><ul><li>Made laws for commoners </li></ul><ul><li>Centuriate Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen-soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Members for life </li></ul><ul><li>Elected tribunes and made laws </li></ul><ul><li>Two consuls </li></ul><ul><li>Command army and direct the government </li></ul><ul><li>Limited power </li></ul><ul><li>One year term </li></ul><ul><li>Could veto the other’s decisions </li></ul>JUDICIAL LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE
  4. 4. The Roman Army <ul><li>Romans placed great value on their military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landowners required to serve in army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 years service required to hold certain public offices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organized into large military units called “legions” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman legion made up of 5,000 heavily armed men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldiers riding horseback (cavalry) accompanied them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Divided into “centuries” of 80 men </li></ul>
  5. 6. Rome Conquers Italy <ul><li>4th cen. B.C. - Romans dominated central Italy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Defeated Etruscans and Greeks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By 265 B.C. Rome completed its domination of entire Italian peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Treated each conquered area differently </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nearby Latins became full citizens, could vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Territories further away got full rights, except voting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others became allies </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Roman Power Expands <ul><li>Lenient policy towards defeated enemies helped Rome build a long lasting empire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome’s power spread for more than two centuries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also a powerful commercial state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to riches of lands around Mediterranean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes other large, powerful cities interfered with Roman access to Mediterranean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One particular city was Carthage </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Punic Wars <ul><li>Conflicts between Rome and Carthage lasting from 264 - 146 B.C. - 3 major wars </li></ul>
  8. 13. For next class… <ul><li>Complete Government Comparison Chart </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Punic Wars Charts </li></ul><ul><li>LATE WORK DEADLINE TODAY! </li></ul>

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