Session 1 Introduction (Basic Photography)


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Introduction to Basic Photography

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Session 1 Introduction (Basic Photography)

  1. 1. MC310 Basic Photography An Introduction Mass Communications Department Ateneo de Davao University
  2. 2. Assignment • • –  Just What is a Camera? –  The Equipment: Basic Camera Primer –  Brace Yourself: Steadying You and Your Gear for Sharper Photos
  3. 3. Expecta(ons   •  What motivated you to enroll this course? •  What do you expect to learn from this course? •  What are you worries in taking up this course?
  4. 4. Basic Photography Class •  •  •  •  •  •  Basic indoor and outdoor photography Major survey of camera parts Care and Safety: Tips on Camera First-Aid Film Speed and ISO/ASA Shutter Speed and Aperture Light Meter, Lighting and Photocomposition
  5. 5. Basic Photography Sessions •  Four Weeks @ three (3) hours per week •  Crash Course for AdDU Staff and Faculty •  Inclusion: lectures, workshops and actual photoshoot/ presentation of photos •  Earn a Basic Photography Certificate at the end of Program
  6. 6. Coverage •  •  •  •  •  Basic Indoor and Outdoor Photography Major survey of camera parts Care and Safety: Tips on Camera First-Aid Film Speed and Aperture Light Meter, Lighting and Photocomposition
  7. 7. Basic  Equipment   •  Basic Equipment: SLR or DLSR Camera –  Camera Body (with battery pack/ strap) –  Lens (at least a lens kit and cap) –  Camera Bag –  Tripod (optional) –  Flash (optional) –  Reflector (can be DYI)
  8. 8. Other  Requirements   •  •  •  •  •  Reading Materials Exercises Photo and Photo Exhibit/ Presentation Photoshoot Activities in cluster/ group Practical Examination
  9. 9. Point-and-Shoot Cameras —  Fixed Focus: generally five feet (5 ft.) to infinity —  Fixed shutter speed: typically 1/125th of a second —  Fixed aperture: f/9.0 —  Good only for outdoor situations —  Secret of success is in the film speed
  10. 10. Digital P/S Cameras —  Digital  P/S  a.k.a.  PhD   (push  here,  dummy)   —  Features  include   op=cal  and  digital   zoom   —  Movie  Mode   —  Special  Image  Effects  
  11. 11. Direct Optical Viewfinder Camera with Direct Optical Viewfinder: In lens shutter cameras, the viewfinder is separate from the camera lens. It shows approximately the same image as the image on the film. Digital PS may have indirect Optical Viewfinder.
  12. 12. Indirect Optical Viewfinder Single  Lens  Reflex  (SLR)  Camera  
  13. 13. Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR) Camera —  Use  of  pentaprism   —  Manual  SeKngs  for   —  Film  Speed   —  ShuLer  Speed   —  Aperture   —  Interchangeable  lenses   —  Faster  frame  rates,  less   shuLer  lag  and  faster   autofocus  system   —  Larger  zoom  ranges  and   beLer  op=cs  
  14. 14. Basic Camera Parts
  15. 15. Cross Section
  16. 16. Front View
  17. 17. Front View
  18. 18. Back View
  19. 19. Top View
  20. 20. Base View
  21. 21. Lens
  22. 22. Lens Distance  Scale   Aperture/Distance  Scale  Index   Focusing  Ring   Aperture  Ring   Aperture  Direct   Readout  (ADR)  Scale   Aperture  Value  
  23. 23. Digital Single Lens Reflex (DSLR) Camera
  24. 24. Basic Digital Camera Parts 1. Body of the Camera 1. Body - Made of high grade plastic or metal, this holds all the other parts together as well as provide protection to the delicate internal parts of the camera.
  25. 25. Basic Digital Camera Parts 2. Lens 2.  Lens  –  “Lens  Assembly”,     -­‐  -­‐  consists  of  several  layers  of   lenses  of  varying  proper=es   -­‐  providing  zoom,  focusing,  and   distor=on  correc=on   -­‐  mechanically  interconnected  and   adjustment  is  controlled   electronically  by  the  camera's   body  
  26. 26. Basic Digital Camera Parts 3. Shutter Release Button 3. Shutter Release Button - This is the "trigger" of the camera. In most cameras, a half-press activates and locks the auto-focus, and a full press initiates the image capturing process.
  27. 27. Basic Digital Camera Parts 4. Mode Dial 4. Mode Dial - Contains several symbols (slightly different on various camera models), this dial allows you to select a shooting mode, automatic or manual or a choice between one of the pre-defined settings.
  28. 28. 5. Viewfinder 5. Viewfinder - A small viewing window; shows the image that the camera's imaging sensor sees; an optical view finder, which shows the actual image in front of the camera through a peep hole or through mirrors, or an electronic view finder which is simply a small LCD display
  29. 29. Basic Digital Camera Parts 6. Aperture Ring 6. Aperture Ring - Found around the old manual lens of SLR camera this is used to select an aperture opening. In modern lenses, the aperture is controlled electronically through the body
  30. 30. Basic Digital Camera Parts 7. Focusing Ring 7. Focusing Ring - This can also be found around the lens of a DSLR camera. This is turned to manually focus the lens.
  31. 31. 8. LCD Display 8. LCD Display - In some compact cameras this acts as the viewfinder. This is a small screen (usually 1.8" diagonally or bigger) at the back of the camera which can be used for framing or for reviewing the recorded pictures.
  32. 32. Basic Digital Camera Parts 9. Flash 9. Flash - Built-in on the body of most compact and some DSLR cameras this can either be fixed or flip type, it provides an instantaneous burst of bright light to illuminate a poorly lit scene
  33. 33. 10. Control Buttons 10. Control Buttons - Usually includes a set of directional keys and a few other buttons to activate certain functions and menus, this is used to let users interact with the camera's computer system.
  34. 34. 11. Power Switch 11. Power Switch - Turns On or Off the camera. This may also contain a Record / Play Mode selector on some cameras.
  35. 35. 12. Zoom Control 12. Zoom Control - Usually marked with W and T, which stands for "Wide" and "Tele" respectively, this is used to control the camera's lenses to zoom-in or zoom-out. For DSLR cameras, the zoom is usually controlled by a zoom ring in the lens.
  36. 36. 13. Battery Compartment 13. Battery Compartment - Holds the batteries. Depending on the camera model, this varies in size and shape.
  37. 37. 14. Memory Card Slot 14. Memory Card Slot - This is where expansion memory cards are inserted. The proper position of the card are often indicated. A mechanical catch usually holds the card in place and a spring helps it eject
  38. 38. 15. Flash Mount (Hot-Shoe) 15. Flash Mount (Hot-Shoe) - Standard holder with contact plates for optional Flash accessory.
  39. 39. 16 Diopter Adjustment 16. Diopter Adjuster - Usually available in mid to high end subcompact cameras and DSLRs located besides the viewfinder. This varies the focal length of the lens in the viewfinder to make even people wearing eyeglasses to see clearly through it even without the eyeglasses.
  40. 40. 17. Tripod Mount 17. Tripod Mount - Here is where your standard Tripod or Monopod is attached for added stability.
  41. 41. 18. Light Meter Light  meters:   •  known  as  exposure  meters   •  measure  how  much  light  is  available  in  the   environment   •  to  find  out  how  long  the  camera  should  open   the  shuLer  for.     •  complex  piece  of  equipment  which  considers   your  film  speed,  aperture  and  shuLer  speed.   •   All  of  this  informa=on  is  used  to  calculate  the   exposure  seKng  
  42. 42. Light Meter in the DSLR Viewfinder  with  Light  Meter/  Exposure   Index   Digital  Display  
  43. 43. Light Meter: Standard Exposure
  44. 44. Exposure Level Indicator
  45. 45. Underexposed or Overexposed