South African History2


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South African History2

  1. 1. South Africa History Timeline & Facts<br />
  2. 2. Concise History of South Africa <br />3000BC - 1000BC Evidence of migration of people from Somalia and Ethiopia
<br />The Zulus, who belong to the Nguni-speaking peoples, constitute the majority of the population. <br />Other tribes include the Khoi, San, and Xhosa <br />
  3. 3. 0-1000 AD<br />400 AD - Migration of the Bantu peoples into South Africa
<br />700 AD - Trade with the Arabs and Phoenicians in ivory, rhino horn, gold, shells and slaves <br />
  4. 4. 1400-1600<br />
Zulu and Xhosa tribes establish large kingdoms in the South Africa region<br />1480 - Portuguese navigator Bartholomeu Dias first European to travel round the southern tip of Africa<br />1652 - The Dutch establish the port of Cape Town. They are the first Europeans to settle in South Africa<br />
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  5. 5. 1800’s<br />1852 - The British take control of Cape Town.<br />1867 - Diamonds discovered at Kimberley<br />1886 - Gold is discovered in Johannesburg, making the city rich<br />1899-1902 Dutch settlers fight the British in the Boer War. Britain eventually gains control of South Africa
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  6. 6. Gold is discovered in the 1880’s<br />
  7. 7. Early 1900’s <br />1910 - South Africa becomes an independent nation.<br />1912 - Native National Congress founded, later renamed the African National Congress (ANC). 
<br />1913 - Land Act introduced preventing Blacks from purchasing land<br />1918 - RolihlahlaDalibhunga Mandela is born on July 18 in a small village in South Africa. A teacher later gives him the English name Nelson.<br />
  8. 8. 1950’s<br />1948 - Apartheid is introduced. Laws legally and physically separate different racial groups<br />1950 - Group Areas Act passed to segregate black and white people
<br />1950 – 1952 The African National Congress (ANC) led by Nelson Mandela initiates a civil disobedience. Defiance of Unjust Laws as a protest against apartheid<br />
  9. 9. 1960’s<br />1960 - In the town of Sharpeville, 67 Africans are killed while protesting Apartheid.
<br />1961 - South Africa declared a republic<br />1962 - Mandela is arrested for plotting against the government. Though he stays active politically, he will spend 27 years in prison.<br />1964 - Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment
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  10. 10. 1970 – 1980<br />1970&apos;s- 1980&apos;s Civil unrest, sanctions imposed on South Africa, forced resettlement process and Township revolts. More than 3 million people forcibly resettled in black &apos;homelands’<br />Black protesters are killed in an uprising in Soweto<br />
  11. 11. 1990-1991<br />1990 - President F.W. de Klerk announces the end of apartheid. 
<br />1990 - Nelson Mandela released from prison after 27 years.
<br />1991 - De Klerk repeals remaining apartheid laws and international sanctions are lifted<br />President F.W. de Klerk<br />
  12. 12. 1995-1996<br />1993 - De Klerk and Mandela are jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.<br />1994 - South Africa holds its first elections in which all races can vote. <br />
  13. 13. 1994Nelson Mandela is elected President<br />
  14. 14. 1995-1996<br />1995 - South Africa hosts and wins the World Cup soccer tournament.<br />1996 - Truth and Reconciliation Commission begins hearings on human rights crimes committed by former government and liberation movements during apartheid era.<br />
  15. 15. 1996 - 1999<br />1996 - Parliament adopts new constitution. National Party withdraws from coalition, saying it is being ignored.<br />1998 - Truth and Reconciliation Commission report brands apartheid a crime against humanity and finds the ANC accountable for human rights abuses.<br />1999 - Mandela steps down as President <br />
  16. 16. 2000 - 2008<br />Thabo Mbeki is the voted to be the next president<br />He denies HIV causes AIDS<br />Prevalence rates rise to 30%, among the highest in the world<br />
  17. 17. 2008-2009<br />Jacob Zuma is elected president<br />South Africa continues construction of stadiums and roads to prepare for 2010 World Cup Soccer Tournament<br />