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Apartheid: An Introduction for Children

  1. 1. Apartheid<br />What it means and who it affected.<br />
  2. 2. The Definition<br />The World Book Encyclopediasays that Apartheid was a system of government in South Africa between 1948 and 1994. Literally, it meant “apartness,” or mandated segregation of each racial group within South Africa.<br />The different groups were very much separated from each other.<br />The minority white population had the rule and control of the country.<br />
  3. 3. There were four groups classified by the government. These groupswere: <br />1. Black, which was 71% of the population.<br />2. White, which was 16% of the population.<br />3. Coloured, whowere a mixture of races (from black, white, and Asian intermarriages and relations). They were 10% of the population.<br />4. Asian, which was 3% of the population.<br />
  4. 4. Segregation<br />DuringApartheid, the white minority population controlled the country.<br />They determined where a person might live, go to school, and what jobs a person could hold.<br />They favored segregation, andApartheid rule of law.<br />
  5. 5. Nelson Mandela<br />Nelson Mandela led the African National Congress (ANC), which had been outlawed since 1960, to victory in South Africa&apos;s first free elections.<br />He became the President of South Africa on April 26, 1994. <br />Because of this election, the minority population would no longer control the lives of South Africans.<br />
  6. 6. The South African flag was adopted in 1994, which was in conjunction with the country&apos;s first multiracial election. <br />
  7. 7. Flag Meaning<br />Flag symbolism<br />No universal symbolism should be attached to any of the colors. <br />The only symbolism in the flag is the Y shape, which can be interpreted as the convergence of diverse elements within South African society, taking the road ahead in unity.<br />Color symbolism<br />black = black, Indian and colouredpeople<br />red = the violence that led to freedom<br />white = the colonial and apartheid past<br />green and blue = the beauty of our land and ocean<br />yellow = sun or mineral wealth of the region<br />